Scope and policy
Scope of the Journal and Editorial policy
The South African Society for Animal Science (SASAS) welcomes the submission of manuscripts from members of the South African Society for Animal Science and from scientists in Africa and abroad on all matters germane to the science of animal production for publication in the South African Journal of Animal Science (SAJAS). The scope of the journal includes reports of research dealing with farm livestock species (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry), as well as pertinent aspects of research on aquatic and wildlife species. The main disciplines covered are nutrition, genetics, physiology and production aspects of animal products. Papers dealing with sociological aspects of well-defined livestock production systems are invited, providing they are scientific by nature and have been carried out in a systematic way. Papers dealing with routine, repetitive testing or economic evaluation of specific products, feeds or cultivars, case studies or matters dealing with agricultural extension or consumer issues are discouraged unless the results so derived are used to develop or elaborate scientific concepts in the field of animal science. Papers that form part of a series are discouraged: this includes different aspects of data derived from one particular experiment, or cases in which the analytical techniques, animals or experimental procedures are common to all papers. Where authors have valid reasons for separation of reports into two manuscripts, these must be submitted simultaneously; delayed or staggered submissions will automatically be rejected. In all cases, reports should represent original contributions to current scientific knowledge of the principles or the application of principles governing the functioning of animals, production aspects of their products and their relationship to the social or physical environment.
Publication fee per article published (2014)
SASAS member is one of the authors: R 1000.00 for the first 10 pages, and every subsequent page at R 100.00 per page; (SASAS members may apply for exemption of the publication fee);
SASAS member is one of the authors: R 500.00 (US$ equivalent) (SASAS
members may apply for exemption of the publication fee);
This will be levied upon acceptance of manuscript.
No reprints are supplied.
Types of articles
The South African Journal of Animal Science is published electronically via the Internet, and can be accessed from the following address: http://www.sasas.co.za/publications or through http://www.sasas.co.za
Copyright resides with the authors in terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 South African Licence. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/za/
Once an article has been accepted for publication, the corresponding author will receive an Agreement document between SASAS and the authors, which has to be signed by all authors and returned (electronically) to the editor–in–chief. The corresponding authors will also receive the final proof of the article.
Form and preparation of manuscripts
Style and Form
Manuscripts will not be admitted to the peer-review process until they are fully compliant with the style and format detailed in the instructions to authors.
Authors are requested to adhere strictly to the following directives and consult the most recent editions of the journal for issues not specifically mentioned here. The manuscript must be written in English, using the UK English spell check. (i.e. do not express units in calories, pounds, miles, etc.). It is up to the authors to make sure there are no typographical errors in the manuscript.
Submissions should be typed in MS WORD (or docx files) and submitted electronically through the SASAS website: http://www.sasas.co.za
Main text: Font size 10 pt (Arial). The settings for the paragraph text should be as follows: format > paragraph > indentation: special; first line, and the alignment of all paragraphs is set as ‘justified’ so that there are no ragged edges on the right–hand side of the page.
Do not introduce sub–headings into the main heading sections – separate different sections using paragraphs. Do not leave open lines between paragraphs.
Tables are numbered consecutively in bold Arabic numerals (e.g. Table 1 note that there is no following colon or full stop) and should bear a short, yet adequate descriptive caption (i.e. the caption should enable interpretation of the data presented if the table and caption were to be separated from the text). Example: inadequate: “Table 1 Feed intake effects”; correct: “Table 1 Mean (± SE) voluntary intake (g/d) of two diets differing in crude protein content by early–weaned (21 d) piglets”. (Font size: 10 pt, Arial). Measures of variance (e.g. SE or SD) included in tables should be clearly defined in the caption as in the preceding example. Metric units are to be clearly shown, symbols and abbreviated must be in accordance with international procedure.
Do not import tables from other packages. Write them in MS WORD! Tables must fit on a single page, according to the Page set–up instructions. Large tables will not be accepted.
Illustrations and diagrams. These should be inserted into the text at the appropriate position. Graphs* that have been scanned in are not acceptable. Graphs could be constructed using MS Excel and inserted into the text. All lettering and numerals that appear on figures should be set in Arial 9 point font in “regular” not “bold”.
Place its title underneath the Figure, but not as part of the inserted section.*If graphs, diagrams, etc. are imported from e.g. MS Excel, copy it and then under "Edit", use "Paste Special" and "Picture" to insert in document.
Ensure that lines, including axes and graphs, are bright. Faint/thin lines tend to fade when hard copies are printed.
Terminology, abbreviations and formulae: Use the SI metric system (US Metric Association) (http://lamar.colostate.edu/~hillger/correct.htm) for units of measurement and use a decimal point. Spell out numbers from one to nine; use numerals for larger numbers, groups of numbers, fractions or units, e.g. four; 8 – 16; 4 kg/ha; 42 ewes, 67%. Note the spacing in the following text: P < 0.05 (note P in italics); 5 min. For litres, use the abbreviation L or mL. When reporting concentrations of, for instance, the chemical composition of diets, use g/kg and not %; mg/kg and not ppm; mg Cu/kg and not mg/kg Cu; do not use the word “content” when specifying a concentration in terms of, for instance, g/kg or %. Use percent mainly to indicate relative changes.
When abbreviations are used, they must be explained in full the first time the concept is used, also in tables and figures. Do not start a sentence with an abbreviation.
Express nutrient concentrations of feeds preferably on a dry matter (DM) basis and indicate the basis clearly in the table.
Do not use the word ‘significantly’ where the level of significance is declared: e.g. use ‘Treatment A differed (P < 0.01) from treatment B’ and not ‘Treatment A differed highly significantly (P < 0.01) from treatment B’. Where means do not differ significantly, the appropriate level of probability could be stated e.g. “–––did not differ (P > 0.05)”. Note the following syntax “variables differ between treatments” not “variables differ among treatments”. For standard error use the abbreviation SE, for standard deviation, use SD and for standard error of the mean, use SEM.
Statistical preparation of Response trials
The most common method of analysing data from a dose/response experiment is Duncan’s multiple range test (Duncan, 1955), but in all cases this is the incorrect procedure, as the comparison between treatments (doses) by means of a multiple range test is inappropriate when there is a logical structure to the set of treatments, and the use of a conventional 5% level of significance is inappropriate when trying to obtain the best estimate of some end point (Chew, 1976; Morris, 1983; 1999). A response surface must be fitted to the data and used to interpret the results.
The means of all variables measured should be presented in a table, together with the standard error (SE) of the mean or residual mean square, but with no super– or subscripts indicating statistical differences between means. The coefficients of the curve fitted to the data need to be displayed together with their SE’s. When graphing the results, the actual means for each level of the factor should be displayed and not the fitted means, and the continuous function fitted to the data should be drawn through these means. It is incorrect to use a bar chart when illustrating a response experiment, as this implies that the factor levels were independent treatments, which they are not.
References appearing in the list, “References”, at the end of the article:
Style and format of Short Communications
Submissions will not be accepted unless formatted as follows:
Page size: A4
File > Page Setup > Margins
Top: 3 cm
File > Page Setup > Paper size 210 X 297 mm (A4)
Insert > Page numbers
For main text (excluding headings) use the following:
Format > Paragraph
Symbols: Whenever possible, use “normal text”.
Title (Maximum 120 characters, Font size Arial 12 pt, bold, centred (no period)) 12 pt
S.S. Authors# & T.T. Co–author (Font size: 12 pt, bold, centred) (no period))
Affiliations, including country (Font size: 9 pt, centred)
Headings (e.g. Abstract, Materials) (Font size: 11 pt, bold)
Submission and the review process
The data upon which all types of manuscripts are based should be original (except review articles), should not have been published previously in a peer–reviewed scientific journal, and should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Submission of a manuscript is understood to imply that these conditions have been met. The context and/or detail of the new findings must be sufficiently different to merit addition to the matrix of knowledge through publication.
Submission also implies that all authors have approved the submission and are in agreement with its content.
If figures, tables or parts of other copyright material not owned by the authors are included in articles submitted for publication in the journal, it is the sole responsibility of the authors to obtain permission to republish such items.
A sub–editor with the assistance of reviewers will be requested to review the manuscript and make a recommendation to the editor–in–chief.
Authors may suggest a list of experts whom they coernsider especially suitable to referee their pap, especially if the subject is highly specialized.
The editor–in–chief will advise the corresponding author on the outcome of the review based on the recommendation of the sub–editor.
Resubmitted manuscripts will follow the same process of evaluation as the first submission. Any resubmittal should be accompanied by a summary of the changes made and a brief response to all recommendations and criticisms.
NB: Initially a paper is accepted provisionally. The final decision to accept or reject manuscripts for publication resides with the editor–in–chief. If the editor–in–chief considers it necessary, the paper may be referred to the journal's editorial sub–committee for a final decision regarding acceptance.
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South African Society for Animal Science (SASAS)
P O Box 13884, Hatfield, Pretoria, Gauteng, ZA, 0028,
Tel: +27 12 420 5017