ISSN 1727-3781 online version



Basic information

Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal /Potchefstroom Elektroniese Regstydskrif (PER) publishes contributions on the South African constitutional and developmental needs. Contributions on any aspect or discipline of the law will be welcomed if these themes are involved in some way.

PER was the first electronic open access legal journal established in 1998 by the Faculty of Law of the North-West University (Potchefstroom Campus). It has been an international accredited journal since 2004.

PER is published 5 times a year in March, August, September, November and December. PER also publishes theme dedicated issues when the need arises.

Its abbreviated title is PER., which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references and strips.


Index sources

• PER Home at
• Sabinet (open access)
• Heinonline



Copyright in all material published in PER vests in the author, provided that authors grant, by submission of their contributions, permission that their contributions may be downloaded without restriction. An author furthermore agrees that the same contribution may not be published elsewhere without the written permission of the editor. Anyone gaining access, electronically or otherwise, to a contribution to PER, may quote from such contribution, use the intellectual content thereof, discuss and multiply it, but subject to the following conditions:

  • the name(s) of the author(s), the full title and the bibliographical reference must be given fully and correctly where the material is quoted, used, discussed or multiplied, and
  • the copyright of the author(s) may not be infringed in any way.



The publication receives financial support from:
• Faculty of Law, North–West University

Technical problems:


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Creative Commons License All the content of the journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons License

Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal
Faculty of Law, Private Bag X6001, North-West University,
Potchefstroom, North-West Province, ZA, 2520,
Tel: +27 18 299 1921