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Article References

WARNICH, Pieter. The value and role of cemeteries: designing a possible methodology for teaching heritage to history learners. Yesterday today [online]. 2010, n.5, pp. 71-95. ISSN 2223-0386.

    1 T Copeland, "Heritage education and citizenship" (Paper, The Nostra Forum, the Hague, 1 October 2004),p.70 (available at: http://www.europanostra.org/UPLOADS/FILS/forum_heritage_education_proceedings.pdf, as accessed on 10 Jun. 2010); [ Links ]

    BA Vansledright, Historical study, the heritage curriculum, and educational research, Issues in Education, 4(2),1998pp.229-235. [ Links ]


    2 MLS Sørensen & J Carman, "Introduction. Making the means transparent: Reasons and reflections", MLS Sørensen & J Carman (eds.), Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches (London, Routledge, 2009),pp.3-10; [ Links ]

    ME Garden, "The heritage escape: Looking at heritage sites", MLS Sørensen & J Carman (eds.), Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches,pp.270-292. [ Links ]


    3 Compare BJJ Lombard, "Outcomes-Based Education in South Africa: A brief overview", L Meyer, K Lombard, P Warnich & C Wolhuter, Outcomes-Based assessment for South African teachers (Pretoria, Van Schaik Publishers, 2010),pp.1-29. [ Links ]


    4 T Copeland, "Heritage and education: A European perspective" (Keynote speech at the Nostra Forum, the Hague, 1 October 2004), p.68 (available at: ttp://www.europanostra.org/UPLOADS/FILS/forum_heritage_education_proceedings.pdf, as accessed on 10 June 2010). [ Links ]


    5 Compare RJ Pérez, JMC López, & DMF Listán, Heritage education: Exploring the conceptions of teachers and administrators from the perspective of experimental and social science teaching, Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(6), August 2010,pp.1319-1320; [ Links ]

    MLS Sørensen, "Between the lines and in the margins: Interviewing people about attitudes to heritage and identity", MLS Sørensen & J Carman (eds.), Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches,pp.164-177. [ Links ]


    6 J Strong, Enhanced Strong's Lexicon (Oak Harbour, WA, Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1995); [ Links ]

    S Zodhiates (ed.), The complete World Study Dictionary: New Testament (Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 1992),p.867; [ Links ]

    Renn, SD (ed.), Expository Dictionary of Bible words based on the Hebrew and Greek Texts: World studies for key English Bible words. (Massachusetts, Hendrickson Publishers, 2005),p.517. [ Links ]


    7 U Sommer, "Methods used to investigate the use of the past in the formation of regional identities", MLS Sørensen & J Carman (eds.), Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches,pp.103-120. [ Links ]


    8 HA Soderland, "The history of heritage: A method in analysing legislative historiography", MLS Sørensen & J Carman (eds.), Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches,pp.55-84. [ Links ]


    9 RS Peckham, "The politics of heritage and public culture", RS Peckham (ed.), Rethinking heritage: Cultures and politics in Europe (London, IB Tauris, 2003),pp.1-13. [ Links ]


    10 S Macdonald, Undesirable heritage: Fascist material culture and historical consciousness in Nuremberg, International Journal of Heritage Studies, 12(1),January 2006,p.11. [ Links ]


    11 RS Peckham, "The politics of heritage and public culture", RS Peckham (ed.), Rethinking heritage: Cultures and politics in Europe,pp.1-13. [ Links ]


    12 HY Park, Heritage tourism: Emotional journeys into nationhood, Annals of Tourism Research, 37(1),January 2010,p.117. [ Links ]


    13 MLS Sørensen & J Carman, "Introduction. Making the means transparent: Reasons and reflections", MLS Sørensen & J Carman (eds.), Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches, pp.3-10. [ Links ]


    14 JD Jansen, Curriculum reform in South Africa: A critical analysis of Outcomes-Based Education [1], Cambridge Journal of Education, 28(3),1998,pp.321-332. [ Links ]


    15 Especially the Standard 2 (Grade 4) syllabus made amply provision for the teaching of local history, see DJJ Coetzee, Plaaslike geskiedenis: Wat is dit en waarom is die aanbieding daarvan in skole wenslik?, Die Unie, 84(2),Augustus 1987,p.112. [ Links ]


    16 Compare J Mathews, K Moodley, W Rheeder & M Wilkinson, Discovery History: A pupil-centred approach to History method (Cape Town, Maskew Millar Longman, 1992),p.88; [ Links ]

    WL Rheeder, The cemetery as a resource in the study of local history, Educamus, 37(8),October 1991,p.30. [ Links ]


    17 ES van Eeden, Didactical guidelines for teaching history in a changing South Africa (Potchefstroom, Keurkopie, 1999),p.111. [ Links ]


    18 A Jackson, Local and regional history as heritage: The heritage process and conceptualizing the purpose and practice of local historians." International Journal of Heritage Studies, 14(4),July 2008,pp.362-379. [ Links ]


    19 C Jooste, Plaaslike geskiedenis as 'n genre vir sekondêre Geskiedenisonderrig met verwysing na spesifieke bronnemateriaal beskikbaar in Laudium, Yesterday and Today, May 2007,pp.206-208 [ Links ]


    20 DJJ Coetzee, Plaaslike geskiedenis: Wat is dit en waarom is die aanbieding daarvan in skole wenslik?, Die Unie, 84(2),Augustus 1987,p.34. [ Links ]


    21 Van Wijk, L Developments in heritage education in Europe: EUROCLIO'S enquiries compared, International Journal of Historical Teaching, Learning and Reform, 5(2),July 2005,p. 1. [ Links ]


    22 Department of Education (DoE), Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), policy, Social Sciences (Pretoria, Department of Education, 2002),pp.10-11. [ Links ]


    23 DoE, Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), policy, Social Sciences,pp.37-40. [ Links ]


    24 DoE, Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), policy, Social Sciences,pp.59-62; [ Links ]

    Also compare J Deacon, Heritage and African history, S Jeppie (ed.), Toward new histories for South Africa. On the place of the past in our present (Landsdowne, Juta Gariep, 2004),pp.121-125. [ Links ]


    25 DoE, National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12 (general), History (Pretoria, Department of Education, 2003),pp.14,22-23; [ Links ]

    DoE, National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12 (general), Subject assessment guidelines, History (Pretoria, Department of Education, 2007),p.26. [ Links ]


    26 The South African Society for History Teaching (SASHT), "Introductory statement for call for conference papers on the theme Heritage in the history curriculum: The how to of yours, mine and ours in a still divided community environment." Held on 24 and 25 September at the Golden Gate Highlands National Park in the Free State Province, 2010 (available at http://www.sashtw.org.za/, as accessed on 20 Sep. 2010). [ Links ]


    27 MLS Sørensen & J Carman, "Introduction. Making the means transparent: Reasons and reflections", MLS Sørensen & J Carman (eds.), Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches (London, Routledge, 2009),pp.3-10. [ Links ]


    28 PG Warnich, "Uitkomsgebaseerde assessering van Geskiedenis in Graad 10", (Potchefstroom NWU, PhD., 2008),pp.440,445. [ Links ]


    29 WB Stephens, Teaching local history (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1977),p.153; [ Links ]

    RL Stevens, Homespun: Teaching local history in grades 6-12 (Portsmouth, Heinemann),pp.12-15. [ Links ]


    30 J Mathews, K Moodley, W Rheeder & M Wilkinson, Discovery History: A pupil-centred approach to History method (Cape Town, Maskew Millar Longman, 1992),pp.88-91; [ Links ]

    H. Ludlow, Using local history to apprentice undergraduate students into the practices of the historian, South African Historical Journal, 57,2007,p.208. [ Links ]


    31 H Ludlow, Using local history to apprentice undergraduate students into the practices of the historian, South African Historical Journal, 57,2007,p.202. [ Links ]


    32 Compare WB Stephens, Teaching local history (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1977),p.139. [ Links ]


    33 Compare WB Stephens, Teaching local history, p. 138. [ Links ]


    34 ES van Eeden, Didactical guidelines for teaching history in a changing South Africa,p.184. [ Links ]


    35 DoE, Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), Teacher's guide for development of learning programmes Social Sciences (Pretoria, Department of Education, 2003),pp.32-33; [ Links ]

    J Mathews, K Moodley, W Rheeder & M Wilkinson, Discovery History: A pupil-centred approach to History method (Cape Town, Maskew Millar Longman, 1992),pp.92-93. [ Links ]


    36 DoE, National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), Teacher's guide for development of learning programmes, Social Sciences,p.33. [ Links ]


    37 WB Stephens, Teaching local history,pp.34-35. [ Links ]


    38 Assessment agents refer to those who are responsible for carrying out the assessment. Assessment agents who stand in the midst of the learning and teaching chain of events are the learner, the peer/friend, the group and the parents. See PG Warnich, "Uitkomsgebaseerde assessering van Geskiedenis in Graad 10", (Potchefstroom NWU, PhD, 2008),pp.136-145. [ Links ]


    39 PG Warnich, "The planning of Outcomes-Based Assessment in South African schools", L Meyer, K Lombard, P Warnich & C Wolhuter, Outcomes-Bases assessment for South African teachers,p.105. [ Links ]


    40 DoE, Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), policy, Social Sciences,pp.38-39. [ Links ]


    41 DoE, Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), policy, Social Sciences,pp.43,45,47. [ Links ]


    42 Compare DoE, Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), Teacher's guide for development of learning programmes, Social Sciences,p.33; [ Links ]

    WB Stephens, Teaching local history,p.142. [ Links ]


    43 RL Stevens , Homespun: Teaching local history in grades 6-12 (Portsmouth, Heinemann, 2001),pp.18-21; [ Links ]

    P Hughes, Local History (Warwickshire, Scholastic Ltd, 1997),pp.122-123; [ Links ]

    WL Rheeder, The cemetery as a resource in the study of local history, Educamus, 37(8),October 1991,pp.31-32; [ Links ]

    DJJ Coetzee, Plaaslike geskiedenis: Wat is dit en waarom is die aanbieding daarvan in skole wenslik?, Die Unie, 84(2),Augustus 1987,p. 113; [ Links ]

    FD Metcalf & MT Downey, Using local history in the classroom (Nashville, The American Association for state and local history, 1982),pp.114-117,255-262; [ Links ]

    J van Biljon (ed.), Local History, N.E.D. Bulletin, 39,1984,pp.23-27. [ Links ]


    44 DoE, Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 (Schools), Teacher's guide for development of learning programmes, Social Sciences,p.33. [ Links ]


    45 J Mathews, K Moodley, W Rheeder & M Wilkinson, Discovery History: A pupil-centred approach to History method (Cape Town, Maskew Millar Longman, 1992),pp.93-95; [ Links ]

    WB Stephens, Teaching local history,pp.155-157. [ Links ]


    46 GP van Rheede van Oudtshoorn & D Hay, Group work in higher education: A mismanaged evil or a potential good?, South African Journal of Higher Education, 18(2),2004,p.131; [ Links ]

    S Chappuis & RJ Stiggins, Classroom assessment for learning, Educational Leadership, 60(1),September 2002,pp.40-43; [ Links ]

    W Cheng & M Warren, Making a difference: Using peers to assess individual student's contributions to a group project, Teaching in Higher Education, 5(2),April 2000,p.252. [ Links ]


    47 J Mathews, K Moodley, W Rheeder & M Wilkinson, Discovery History: A pupil-centred approach to History method,p.94; [ Links ]

    WB Stephens, Teaching local history (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1977),pp.155-157. [ Links ]


    48 J Deacon, "Heritage and African history", S Jeppie (ed.), Toward new histories for South Africa. On the place of the past in our present (Landsdowne, Juta Gariep, 2004),p.120. [ Links ]


    49 T Copeland, "Heritage and education: A European perspective" (Keynote speech at the Nostra Forum, the Hague, 1 October 2004),p.21 (available at http://www.europanostra.org/UPLOADS/FILS/forum_heritage_education_proceedings.pdf, as accessed on 10 June 2010). [ Links ]


    50 J Deacon, "Heritage and African history", S Jeppie (ed.), Toward new histories for South Africa. On the place of the past in our present,p.119. [ Links ]