SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

NDLOVU, Morgan. History curriculum, nation-building and the promotion of common values in Africa: a comparative analysis of Zimbabwe and South Africa. Y&T [online]. 2009, n.4, pp.67-76. ISSN 2309-9003.

    Ranger, T 2004. Nationalist Historiography, Patriotic History and History of the Nation: The struggle over the past in Zimbabwe (Unpublished paper presented at the Britain-Zimbabwe Research Society, University of Oxford). [ Links ]

    History for Candidates in Central and Southern Africa 2160 GCE O Level 2007. This syllabus was used before the practice of history was politicised and twisted to function as a prop to ZANU-PF regime security. [ Links ]

    Gutmann, A Challenges of Multiculturalism in Democratic Education (available at:; [ Links ]

    S Pendlebury, Diversity, Mutual Respect, and Education of a Deliberative Citizenry (available at: [ Links ]

    Ranger, T. 'Nationalist Historiography, Patriotic History and the History of the Nation' p. 1. Tafataona Mahoso is the Chairman of the Media Commission of Zimbabwe. He is one of the leading apologists of the ruling party in Zimbabwe. [ Links ]

    The Ministry of Youth Development and Employment Creation has usurped some of the key functions of the Ministry of Education. For instance, this ministry has come up with the National Youth Service Centres as competitors to legitimate schools and universities; Ministry of Education, The Development of Education National Report of Zimbabwe (Ministries of Education, Sport and Culture and Higher and Tertiary Education, August 2004). [ Links ]

    The Solidarity Peace Trust, National youth service training: Shaping youth in a truly Zimbabwean manner: An overview of youth militia training and activities in Zimbabwe, October 2000-Agust 2003, (5 September 2003). [ Links ]

    Department of Education, Revised National Curriculum Statement for Grades R-9 (Pretoria, 2001),p.1. [ Links ]

    Department of Education, Manifesto on Values, Education and Democracy (Pretoria, 2001). [ Links ]

    Sikhumbuzo, N the ZANU-PF Information and Publicity Secretary for Bulawayo argued that 'The mistake the ruling party made was to allow colleges and universities to be turned into anti-Government mentality factories'. [ Links ]

    Gutmann, A 1987. Democratic Education (Princeton University Press, New Jersey),pp.41-42. [ Links ]

    Smith, R 1997. 'The Education of Autonomous Citizens', D Bridges (ed.), Education, autonomy and democratic citizenship: Philosophy in a changing world (Routledge, London),p.136. [ Links ]

    Bernstein, B 1996. 'Pedagogising knowledge: Studies in recontextualisation', B Bernstein (ed.), Pedagogy, symbolic control and identity: Theory, research, critique (Taylor & Francis Ltd, London). [ Links ]