SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

MARIENE, Grande  and  TEIXEIRA, Aurora AC. Corruption and multinational companies' entry modes: Do linguistic and historical ties matter?. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.3, pp.269-280. ISSN 2222-3436.

    AHMED, Z.U., MOHAMAD, O., TAN, B. & JOHNSON, J.P. 2002. International risk perceptions and mode of entry: a case study of Malaysian multinational firms. Journal of Business Research, 55(10):805-813. [ Links ]

    ASPELUND, A. & BUTSKO, V. 2010. Small and middle-sized enterprises' offshoring production: a study of firm decisions and consequences. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 101(3):262-275. [ Links ]

    BHAUMIK, S.K. & GELB, S. 2005. Determinants of entry mode choice of MNCs in emerging markets: evidence from South Africa and Egypt. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 41(2):5-24. [ Links ]

    CANABAL, A. & WHITE, G.O. 2008. Entry mode research: past and future. International Business Review, 17(3):267-284. [ Links ]

    CHANG, S.-J. & ROSENZWEIG, P. 2001. The choice of entry mode in sequential foreign direct investment. Strategic Management Journal, 22(8):747-776. [ Links ]

    CHEN, H. & HU, M.Y. 2002. An analysis of determinants of entry mode and its impact on performance. International Business Review, 11(2): 193-210. [ Links ]

    CHIAO, Y.-C., LO, F.-Y. & YU, C.-M. 2010. Choosing between wholly-owned subsidiaries and joint ventures of MNCs from an emerging market. International Marketing Review, 27(3):338-365. [ Links ]

    CHUNG, M.-F. 2009. Multinational firms' entry mode: technology spillovers in an intra-industry differentiated product market. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 1(28):187-197. [ Links ]

    CORNELIUS, P. 2005. Good corporate practices in poor corporate governance systems: Some evidence from the Global Competitiveness Report, Corporate Governance, 5(3):12-13. [ Links ]

    CUERVO-CAZURRA, A. 2008. Better the devil you don't know: Types of corruption and FDI in transition economies, Journal of International Management, 14(1):12-27. [ Links ]

    DEMIRBAG, M., MCGUINNESS, M. & ALTAY, H. 2010. Perceptions of institutional environment and entry mode, FDI from an emerging country. Management International Review, 50(2):207-240. [ Links ]

    DEY, H.K. 1989. The genesis and spread of economic corruption: a microtheoretic interpretation. World Development, 17(4):503-511. [ Links ]

    DETZER, D. 2010. The impact of corruption on development and economic performance. Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag. [ Links ]

    DIETRICH, S. 2010. The politics of public health aid: why corrupt governments have incentives to implement aid effectively. World Development, 39(1):55-63. [ Links ]

    DREHER, A., KOTSOGIANNIS, C. & MCCORRISTON, S. 2007). Corruption around the world: Evidence from a structural model. Journal of Comparative Economics, 35(3):443-466. [ Links ]

    EDWARDS, R.W. & BUCKLEY, P.J. 1998. Choice of location and mode: the case of Australian investors in the UK. International Business Review, 7(5):503-520. [ Links ]

    EICHER, T. & KANG, J.W. 2005. Trade, foreign direct investment or acquisition: optimal entry modes for multinationals. Journal of Development Economics, 77(1):207-228. [ Links ]

    ESPERANÇA, J.P., HILL, M.M. & VALENTE, A.C. 2006. Entry mode and HRM strategies of emerging multinationals: an empirical analysis of Portuguese firms entering the Spanish market. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 14(4):260-276. [ Links ]

    EVANS, J. 2002. Internal determinants of foreign market entry strategy. Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University Business School. [ Links ]

    FAETH, I. 2009. Determinants of foreign direct investment . A tale of nine theoretical models. Journal of Economic Surveys, 23(1):165-196. [ Links ]

    FRISCHMANN, E. 2010. Decentralization and corruption: a cross-country analysis. Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag. [ Links ]

    GARCÍA, V.B. & FERNANDEZ, J.C. 2009. La internalización de la franquicia espanola y sus formas de penetración de mercados. Cuadernos de Economia y Dirección de la Empresa, 40:47-82. [ Links ]

    GOEL, R.K. & NELSON M.A. 2010. Causes of corruption: History, geography and government. Journal of Policy Modeling, 32(4):433-447. [ Links ]

    GRANDE, M. & TEIXEIRA, A.A.C. 2011. Corruption and MNCs' entry mode. An empirical econometric study of Portuguese firms investing in PALOPs. Economics and Management Research Projects: An International Journal, 1(1):36-52. [ Links ]

    HENISZ, W.J. 2000. The institutional environment for multinational investment. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 16(2):34-364. [ Links ]

    HILL, C. & JONES, G. 2009. Foreign direct investment: analysis of aggregate flows. Mason: South Western Cengage Learning. [ Links ]

    HORSTMANN, I.J. & MARKUSEN, J.R. 1996. Exploring new markets: direct investment, contractual relations and the multinational enterprise. International Economic Review, 37(1):1-19. JAIN, A.K. 2002. Corruption: a review. Journal of Economic Surveys, 15(1):71-121. [ Links ]

    [ Links ]

    JAVORCIK, B.S. & WEI, S.-J. 2009. Corruption and cross-border investment in emerging markets: firm-level evidence. Journal of International Money and Finance, 28(4):605-624. [ Links ]

    JIMENEZ, A., DURÁN, J.J. & DE LA FUENTE, J.M. 2011. Political risk as a determinant of investment by Spanish multinational firms in Europe. Applied Economics Letters, 18(8):789-793. [ Links ]

    JULIAN, C.C. 2005. International joint venture performance in South East Asia. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. [ Links ]

    LAWAL, C. 2007. Corruption and development in Africa: challenges for political and economic change. Humanity and Social Sciences Journal, 2(1): 1-7. [ Links ]

    LI, J. & RUGMAN, A.M. 2007. Real options and the theory of foreign direct investment. International Business Review, 16(6):687-712. [ Links ]

    LUO, Y. 1999. Entry and cooperative strategies in international business expansion. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group. [ Links ]

    MADOK, A. 1998. The nature of multinational firm boundaries: Transaction costs, firm capabilities and foreign market entry mode. International Business Review, 7(3):259-290. [ Links ]

    MARTIN, X. & SALOMON, R. 2003. Knowledge transfer capacity and its implications for the theory of the multinational corporation. Journal of International Business Studies, 34(4):356-373. [ Links ]

    MAURO, P. 1998. Corruption and the composition of government expenditure. Journal of Public Economics, 69(2):263-279. [ Links ]

    MUTINELLI, M. & PISCITELLO, L. 1998. The influence of firm's size and international experience on the ownership structure of Italian FDI in manufacturing. Small Business Economics, 11(1):43-56. [ Links ]

    PAUL, D.L. & WOOSTER, R.B. 2008. Strategic investments by US firms in transition economies. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(2):249-266. [ Links ]

    PENG, M.W. 2009. Global strategy. Mason: South Western Cengage Learning. [ Links ]

    RAZIN, A. & SADKA, E. 2007. Foreign direct investment: analysis of aggregate flows. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. [ Links ]

    REITER, S.L. & STEENSMA, H.K. 2010. Human development and foreign direct investment in developing countries: the Influence of FDI policy and corruption. World Development, 38(12):1678-1691. [ Links ]

    RODRIGUEZ, P. UHLENBRUCK, K. & EDEN, L. 2005. Government corruption and the entry strategies of multinationals. Academy of Management Review, 30(2):383-396. [ Links ]

    SANTISO, J. 2007. Africa: an emerging markets frontier. OECD Observer, 21st December. Available at: [accessed 2011-04-19]. [ Links ]

    SHRESTHA, N.R., SMITH, W.I. & EVANS, C.E. 2010. Africa's global economic integration and national development: a management framework for attracting FDI. Journal of Management Policy and Practice, 11(5):34-48. [ Links ]

    SLANGEN, A.H.L. & VAN TULDER, R.J.M. 2009. Cultural distance, political risk, or governance quality? Towards a more accurate conceptualization and measurement of external uncertainty in foreign entry mode research. International Business Review, 18(3):276-291. [ Links ]

    SREENIVAS RAJAN, K. & PANGARKAR, N. 2000. Mode of entry choice: an empirical study of Singaporean multinationals. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 17(1):49-66. [ Links ]

    STRANGE, R., FILATOTCHEV, I., LIEN, Y.-C. & PIESSE, J. 2009. Insider control and the FDI location decision evidence from firms investing in an emerging market. Management International Review, 49(4): 433-454. [ Links ]

    STRAUB, S. 2007. Opportunism, corruption and the multinational firm's mode of entry. Journal of International Economics, 74(2):245-263. [ Links ]

    SUN, H. 1999. Entry modes of multinational corporations into China's market: a socioeconomic analysis. International Journal of Social Economics, 26(5-6):642-659. [ Links ]

    TAYLOR, C.R., ZOU, S. & OSLAND, G.E. 2000. Foreign market entry strategies of Japanese MNCs. International Marketing Review, 17(2):146-163. [ Links ]

    THE ECONOMIST 2010. South of the Sahara 22nd November. Available at: [accessed 2011-4-19]. [ Links ]

    TIAN, X. 2007. Managing international business in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [ Links ]

    TOIVONEN, M. & TUOMINEN, T. 2009. Emergence of innovations in services. The Service Industries Journal, 29(7):887-902. [ Links ]

    TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL 2009. Corruption perceptions index 2009. Available at:, [accessed 2010-10-16]. [ Links ]

    TREISMAN, D. 2000. The causes of corruption: a cross-national study. Journal of Public Economics, 76(3):399-457. [ Links ]

    UHLENBRUCK, K., RODRIGUEZ, P., DOH, J. & EDEN, L. 2006. The impact of corruption on entry strategy: evidence from telecommunication projects in emerging economies. Organization Science, 17(3):402-414. [ Links ]

    YIU, D. & MAKINO, S. 2002. The choice between joint venture and wholly owned subsidiary: an institutional perspective. Organization Science, 13(6):667-68. [ Links ]