SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

ANDERSON, Tarryn N.  and  LOUW-POTGIETER, Joha. An implementation evaluation of a voluntary counselling and testing programme for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.1, pp.1-10. ISSN 2071-0763.

    Bhagwanjee, A., Petersen, I., Akintola, O., & George, G. (2008). Bridging the gap between VCT and HIV/AIDS treatment uptake: Perspectives from a mining-sector workplace in South Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research, 7(3), 271-279. [ Links ]

    Bickman, L. (1987). The functions of program theory. New Directions for Program Evaluation, 33, 5-18. [ Links ]

    Bertrand, J.T., O'Reilly, K.O., Denison, J., Anhang, R., & Sweat, M. (2006). Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass media communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviours in developing countries. Health Education Research, 21(4), 567-597., PMid:16847044 [ Links ]

    Bond, L., Lauby, J., & Batson, H. (2005). HIV testing and the role of individual and structural level barriers and facilitators. AIDS Care, 17(2), 125-140., PMid:15763709 [ Links ]

    Bwambale, F.M., Ssali, S.N., Byaruhanga, S., Kalyango, J.N., & Karamagi, C.A. (2008). Voluntary HIV counselling and testing among men in rural western Uganda: Implications for HIV prevention. Bio-Medical Central Public Health, 8, 263-276. [ Links ]

    Centre for Human Development. (2002). HIV/AIDS training manual. Retrieved from the archives of the VCT Programme, University of Cape Town. [ Links ]

    Charles, M.P., Kweka, E.J., Mahande, A.M., Barongo, L., Shekalaghe, S., Nkaya, H., et al. (2009). Evaluation of uptake and attitude to voluntary counselling and testing among health care professional students in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. Bio-Medical Central Public Health, 9(128), 1-9. [ Links ]

    Chen, H. (2005). Practical program evaluation: Assessing and improving planning, implementation and effectiveness. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. [ Links ]

    Coetzee, N., & Patel, B. (2000). Protocol document: Voluntary counselling and testing. Western Cape: Department of Health. [ Links ]

    Corbett, E.L., Dauya, E., Matambo, R., Chengi, Y.B., Makamure, Bassett, T., et al. (2006). Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: A cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe. Plos Medicine, 3(7), 1005-1012., PMid:16796402. [ Links ]

    Davidson, T. (n.d.). HIV/AIDS issues at UCT. Retrieved from the archives of the VCT Programme, University of Cape Town. [ Links ]

    Day, J.H., Miyamura, K., Grant, A.D., Leeuw, A., Munsamy, J., Baggaley, R., et al. (2003). Attitudes to HIV voluntary counselling and testing among mineworkers in South Africa: Will availability of antiretroviral therapy encourage testing? Aids Care, 15, 665-672., PMid:12959817 [ Links ]

    Donaldson, S.I. (2007). Program theory-driven evaluation science: Strategies and applications. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. [ Links ]

    Donaldson, S.I., & Lipsey, M.W. (2006). Roles for theory in contemporary evaluation practice: Developing practical knowledge. In I. Shaw, J.C. Greene, & M.M. Mark (Eds.), The handbook of evaluation: Policies, programs and practices, (pp. 56-75). London: Sage. [ Links ]

    Fako, T.T. (2006). Social and psychological factors associated with willingness to test for HIV infection among young people in Botswana. Aids Care, 18, 201-207., PMid:16546779 [ Links ]

    Family Health International. (2003). VCT toolkit. Retrieved from the archives of the VCT Programme, University of Cape Town. [ Links ]

    Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. New York: Prentice Hall. [ Links ]

    Ginwalla, S.K., Grant, A.D., Day, J.H., Dlova, T.W., Macintyre, S., Baggaley, R., et al. (2002). Use of UNAIDS tools to evaluate HIV voluntary counseling and testing services for mineworkers in South Africa. Aids Care, 14, 707-726., PMid:12419119 [ Links ]

    Greiger, I., & Ponterotto, J.G. (1988). Student's knowledge of AIDS and their attitudes towards gay men and lesbian woman. Journal of College Student Development, 29, 415-422. [ Links ]

    HAICU. (2008). Responses to HIV and AIDS at UCT: Report to Council. Retrieved November 12, 2009, from [ Links ]

    HEAIDS. (2010). HIV prevalence and related factors - Higher Education Sector Study, South Africa, 2008-2009. Pretoria: Higher Education South Africa. [ Links ]

    Ho, C.F., & Loke, A.Y. (2003). HIV/AIDS knowledge and risk behavior in Hong Kong [ Links ]

    Chinese pregnant women. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 43, 238-245. [ Links ]

    Hollar, D.S., & Snizer, W.E. (1996). The influences of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and self-esteem on the sexual practices of college students. Social Behaviour and Personality, 24, 75-86. [ Links ]

    Hutchinson, P.L., & Mahlalela, X. (2006). Utilization of voluntary counselling and testing services in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Aids Care, 18, 446-455., PMid:16777636 [ Links ]

    Inverness Medical. (2009). Product specifications. Retrieved April 21, 2009, from [ Links ]

    Irungu, T.K., Varkey, P., Cha, S., & Patterson, J.M. (2008). HIV voluntary counselling and testing in Nakuru, Kenya: Findings from a community survey. HIV Medicine, 9, 111-117.,PMid:18257773 [ Links ]

    Kachroo, S. (2006). Promoting self-testing for HIV in developing countries: Potential benefits and pitfalls. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 84(12), 999-1000.,PMid:17242837, PMCid:2627574 [ Links ]

    Keeling, P.R. (1991). Time to move forward: An agenda for campus sexual health promotion in the next decade. Journal of American College Health, 40, 51-53., PMid:1939934 [ Links ]

    Landon, C. (2007). Statistics relating to VCT testing at UCT. Unpublished raw data. [ Links ]

    Landon, C. (2008). Statistics relating to VCT testing at UCT. Unpublished raw data. [ Links ]

    Landon, C. (2009). Statistics relating to VCT testing at UCT. Unpublished raw data. [ Links ]

    Lema, L.A., Katapa, R.S., & Musa, A.S. (2008). Knowledge on HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour among youths in Kibhala District, Tanzania. Journal of Health Research, 10, 79-83. [ Links ]

    Louw, J. (in progress). Programme evaluation: Can it improve human resource management practice? South Journal for Human Resource Management. Manuscript submitted for publication. [ Links ]

    Mabunda, G. (2004). HIV knowledge and practices among rural South Africans. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 36, 300-304., PMid:15636408 [ Links ]

    Marum, E., Morgan, G., Hightower, A., Ngare, C., & Taegtmeyer, M. (2008). Using mass media campaigns to promote voluntary counseling and testing services in Kenya. AIDS, 22(15), 2019-2025., PMid:18784464 [ Links ]

    Matovu, J.K., & Makumbi, F.E. (2007). Expanding access to voluntary HIV counseling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: Alternative approaches for improving uptake. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 12, 1315-1322. [ Links ]

    McCauley, A.P. (2004). Equitable access to HIV counselling and testing for youth in developing countries: A review of current practice. Retrieved November 20, 2009, from [ Links ]

    Mundy, J., & Dickinson, D. (2004, June). Factors affecting the uptake of voluntary HIV/ AIDS counselling and testing (VCT) services in the workplace. Paper presented at the Wits HIV/AIDS in the Workplace Symposium, Wits University, Johannesburg. [ Links ]

    Njagi, F., & Maharaj, P. (2006). Access to voluntary counselling and testing services: Perceptions of young people. South Africa Review of Sociology, 37(2), 113-127. [ Links ]

    Okonkwo, K.C., Reich, K., Alabi, A., Umeike, N., & Nachman, S. (2007). An evaluation of awareness: Attitudes and beliefs of pregnant Nigerian woman toward voluntary counselling and testing for HIV. Aids Patient Care and STD's, 21(4), 252-260.,PMid:17461720 [ Links ]

    Patton, M.Q. (2008). Utilization-focused evaluation. Los Angeles: Sage. [ Links ]

    Pallant, J. (2007). SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS for windows. (3rd edn.). New York: Open University Press. [ Links ]

    Peltzer, K., Nwezi, E., & Mohan, K. (2004). Attitudes towards HIV-antibody testing and people with AIDS among university students in India, South Africa and United States. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 58, 95-108. PMid:15051904 [ Links ]

    Philips, K.A., Coates, T.J., Eversley, R.B., & Catania, J.A. (1995). Who plans to be tested for HIV or would get tested if no one could find out the results? American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 11, 156-162. PMid:7662394 [ Links ]

    Pronyk, P.M., Kim, J.C., Makhubele, M.B., Hargreaves, J.R., Mohlala, R., & Hausler, H.P. (2002). Introduction of voluntary counselling and rapid testing for HIV in rural South Africa: From theory to practice. AIDS Care, 14(6), 859-865., PMid:12511218 [ Links ]

    Richter, L.M., Van Rooyen, H., Solomon, V., Griesel, D., & Durrheim, K. (2001). Putting HIV/AIDS counselling in South Africa in its place. Society in Transition, 32(1), 148154. [ Links ]

    Rossi, P.H., Lipsey, M.W., & Freeman, H.E. (2004). Evaluation: A systematic approach. (7th edn.). California: Sage Publications. [ Links ]

    Scheirer, M.A. (1994). Designing and using process evaluation. In J.S. Wholey, H.P. Hatry, & K.E. Newcomer (Eds.), Handbook or practical program evaluation, (pp. 40-68). San Francisc: Jossey-Bass. [ Links ]

    Smuts, B. (2000). Protocol for HIV Rapid Tests. Retrieved from the archives of the VCT Programme, University of Cape Town. [ Links ]

    Standton, B.F., Xiaoming, L., Kahihuata, J., Fitzgerald, A.M., Neumbo, S., Terreri, N., et al. (1998). Increased protected sex and abstinence among Namibian youth following a HIV risk-reduction intervention: A randomised, longitudinal study. Aids, 12, 2473-2480., PMid:9875586 [ Links ]

    Steinberg, M., & Kinghorn, A., Sonderlud, N., Schierhout, G., & Conway, S. (2001). HIV/ AIDS: Facts, figures and the future. In South African Health Review (pp. 301-326). Durban: Health Systems Trust. [ Links ]

    Subramanian, Y., Gupte, M.D., Mathai, A.K., Boopathi, K., & Dorairaj, V.S. (2008). Perception of HIV among attendees at an STD clinic in India, Aids Care, 20(1), 26-34., PMid:18278612 [ Links ]

    UNAIDS. (2000). Best practice collection: Tools for evaluating HIV voluntary counseling and testing. Retrieved March 13, 2009, from [ Links ]

    UNAIDS. (2004). Report on the global AIDS epidemic. Retrieved March 05, 2009, from [ Links ]

    UNFPA. (2002). HIV prevention now: Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV prevention. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from [ Links ]

    USAID. (2009). HIV prevention knowledge base: Behavioural interventions mass media and HIV prevention. Retrieved November 15, 2009, from prevention_resources/behavioral_interventions/mass_media_and_hiv_prevention [ Links ]

    Van de Perre, P. (2000). Commentary: HIV voluntary counselling and testing in community health services. The Lancet, 356, 86-87. [ Links ]

    Van Dyk, A.C., & Van Dyk, P.J. (2003). What is the point of knowing: Psychological barriers to HIV/AIDS voluntary counselling and testing programmes in South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology, 33(2), 118-125. [ Links ]

    Wringe, A., Isingo, R., Urassa, M., Maiseli, G., Manyalla, R., Changalucha, J., et al. (2008). Uptake of HIV voluntary counselling and testing services in rural Tanzania: Implications for effective HIV prevention and equitable access to treatment. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13(3), 319-327. [ Links ]