SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

NYAMADZAWO, G et al. Infiltration and runoff losses under fallowing and conservation agriculture practices on contrasting soils, Zimbabwe. Water SA [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.2, pp.233-240. ISSN 1816-7950.

    ALEGRE JC and RAO MR (1996) Soil and water conservation by contour hedging in humid tropics of Peru. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 57 17-25. [ Links ]

    ANDERSSON JA and GILLER KE (2012) On heretics and God's blanket salesmen: contested claims for Conservation Agriculture and the politics of its promotion in African smallholder farming. In: Sumberg J and Thompson J (eds.) Contested Agronomy: Agricultural Research in a Changing World. Earthscan, London. [ Links ]

    BENNEH G, MORGAN WB and UITTO JI (1996) Sustaining the Future. Economic, Social, and Environmental Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. The United Nations University, United Nations Press, Tokyo. [ Links ]

    CHIVENGE PP, MURWIRA HK, GILLER KE, MAPFUMO P and SIX J (2007) Long-term impact of reduced tillage and residue management on soil carbon stabilization: Implications for conservation agriculture on contrasting soils. Soil and Till. Res. 94 328-337. [ Links ]

    ELWELL HA (1983) The degrading soil and water resources of the Communal Areas. Zimbabwe Sci. News 17 (9/10) 145-147. [ Links ]

    ELWELL H (1987) Modelling sheet erosion and runoff from a fersial-litic clay by combined small-scale physical simulation techniques and field studies. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zimbabwe. [ Links ]

    ELWELL H and STOCKING MA (1988) Loss of nutrients by sheet erosion is a major hidden farming cost. Zimbabwe Sci. News 22 (7/8)79-92. [ Links ]

    FAO (1998) World Reference Base for Soil Resources. FAO World Soil Resources Reports 84. [ Links ]

    FAO, Rome. 91 pp. FAO (2006) Fertiliser Use by Crops in Zimbabwe. Land and Plant Nutrition Management Services, Land and Water Development Division, FAO. FAO, Rome. 68 pp. [ Links ]

    FRANZLUEBBERS AJ (2002) Water infiltration and soil structure related to organic matter and its stratification with depth. Soil Till. Res. 66 197-205. [ Links ]

    GENSTAT (2003). GENSTAT Statistical Package (8th edn.). VSN International, Wageningen. [ Links ]

    GRANDY AS and ROBERTSON GP (2006) Aggregation and organic matter protection following tillage of a previously uncultivated. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70 1398-1406. [ Links ]

    HENSLEY M, ANDERSON JJ, VAN STADEN PP and DU TOIT A (2000) Optimizing rainfall use efficiency for developing farmers with limited access to irrigation water. WRC Report No. 878/1/00. Water Research Commission, Pretoria. [ Links ]

    HERNANDEZ JL (2002) Long-term effects of tillage systems and rotations on soil structural stability and organic carbon stratification in semiarid Central Spain. Soil Till. Res. 66 (2) 129-141. [ Links ]

    HORTON RE (1940) An approach towards physical interpretation of infiltration capacity. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 5 399-417. [ Links ]

    INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING (IAE) (1988-89) Draft Annual Reports of the Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agritex, Harare, Zimbabwe. [ Links ]

    HULME M, DOHERTY R, NGARA T, NEW M and LISTER D (2001) African climate change: 1900-2100. Clim. Res. 17 (2) 145-168. [ Links ]

    IPCC (2007) Changes in atmosphere constituents and radiative forcing. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Marquis M, Avery K, Miller HL, Chen Z (eds.) Climate Change 2007. The Physical Science Basis: Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, New York. [ Links ]

    IPCC (2001) Climate change: The scientific basis. In: Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, Van der Linden PJ, Dai X, Maskell K, Johnson CA (eds.) Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [ Links ]

    MARONGWE LS, KWAZIRA K, JENRICH M, THEIFELDER C, KASSAM A and FRIERICH T (2011) An African success: the case study of conservation agriculture in Zimbabwe. Int. J. Agric. Sustainability 9 (1) 1-9. [ Links ]

    MORIN J and BENJAMIN Y (1977) Rainfall infiltration into bare soils. Water Resourc. Res. 13 813-817. [ Links ]

    MOYO A (1987) The Effects of Soil Erosion on Soil Productivity as Influenced by Tillage: With Special Reference to Clay and Organic Matter Losses Conservation Tillage Project (1988-1997). Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Borrowdale, Harare. [ Links ]

    MUNYATI M (1997) Conservation tillage for sustainable crop production: Results and experiences from on-station and on-farm research in Natural Region 2 (1988-1996). Zimbabwe Sci. News 31 27-33. [ Links ]

    MZEZEWA J and VAN RENSBURG LD (2011) Effects of tillage on runoff from bare clayey soil on a semi-arid ecotope in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. Water SA 37 (2) 165-172. [ Links ]

    NORWOOD C (1994) Profile water distribution and grain yield as affected by cropping systems and tillage. Agron J. 86 558-563. [ Links ]

    NYAGUMBO I (2002) Effects of three tillage systems on seasonal water budget and drainage of two Zimbabwean soils under maize. D.Phil. Thesis, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, University of Zimbabwe. [ Links ]

    NYAGUMBO I (1999) Conservation tillage for sustainable crop production systems: Experiences from on-station and on-farm research in Zimbabwe (1988-1997). In: Kaumbutho PG and Simalenga TE (eds.) Conservation Tillage with Animal Traction. A resource book of the Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA). ATNESA, Harare. 173 pp. [ Links ]

    NYAMADZAWO G, NYAMUGAFATA P, CHIKOWO R and GILLER KE (2003) Partitioning of simulated rainfall in a kaolin-itic soil under improved fallows. Agrofor. Syst. 59 207-214. [ Links ]

    NYAMADZAWO G, NYAMUGAFATA P, CHIKOWO R and GILLER KE (2008a) Residual effects of fallows on infiltration rates and hydraulic conductivities in a kaolinitic soil subjected to conventional tillage (CT) and no tillage (NT). Agrofor. Syst. 72 161-168. [ Links ]

    NYAMADZAWO G, CHIKOWO R, NYAMUGAFATA P, NYAMAN-GARA J and GILLER KE (2008b) Soil organic carbon dynamics of improved fallow-maize rotation systems under conventional and no- tillage in Central Zimbabwe. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 81 85-93. [ Links ]

    NYAMAPFENE KW (1991) Soils of Zimbabwe. Nehanda Publishers, Harare. [ Links ]

    PANINI TSM (1993) A portable rainfall simulatorfor rough and smooth morphologies. Quad. Di Sci del Suelo 5 15-19. [ Links ]

    RAO KPC, STEENHUIS TS, COGLE AL, SRINIVASAN ST, YULE DF and SMITH GD (1998) Rainfall infiltration and runoff from an Alifisol in semi-arid India. I. No-till systems. Soil Till. Res. 48 51-59. [ Links ]

    SCHOLES B, AJAVON A, NYONG T, TABO R, VOGEL C and ANSORGE I (2008) Global Environmental Change (including Climate Change and Adaptation) in Sub-Saharan Africa. ICSU Regional Office for Africa. URL: (Accessed 8 July 2009). [ Links ]

    SMITH RD (1988) Tillage Trials in Zimbabwe 1957 to 1988. Institute of Agricultural Engineering Report, November 1988. Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Harare. [ Links ]

    STOMPH T J, DE RIDDER N, STEENHUIS TS and VAN DEGIESEN C (2002) Scale effects on Hortonian overland flow and rainfall-runoff dynamics: Laboratory validation of a process based model. Earth Surf. Proc. Land. 27 847-855. [ Links ]

    STROOSNIJDER L (2003) Technologies for improving rain water use efficiency in semi-arid Africa. In: De Villiers M, Mkhize S, Sally H and Van Rensburg LD (eds.) Proc. Symposium and Workshop on Water Conservation for Sustainable Dryland Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa (WCT), 8-11 April 2003, Bloem Spa Lodge and Conference Centre, Bloemfontein, South Africa. 92-102. [ Links ]

    SUMNER ME (1992) The electric double layer and clay dispersion. In: Sumner ME, Stewards BA (eds.) Advances in Soil Science. Soil Crusting, Physical and Chemical Process. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton. 1-13. [ Links ]

    THIERFELDER C and WALL PC (2009) Effects of conservation agriculture techniques on infiltration and soil water content in Zambia and Zimbabwe. Soil Till. Res. 105 217-227. [ Links ]

    THOMPSON JG and PURVES WD (1978/81) A guide to the soils of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Agricultural Journal Technical Handbook No. 3. Department of Research and Specialist Services, Harare, Zimbabwe. [ Links ]

    VAN DE GIESEN NC, STOMPH TJ and DE RIDDER N (2000) Scale effects of Hortonian overland flow and rainfall-runoff dynamics in West African catena landscape. Hydrol. Process. 14 165-175. [ Links ]

    VINCEENT V and THOMAS RG (1961) An agro-ecological survey of Southern Rhodesia: Part I Agro-ecological survey. Government Printers, Salisbury. [ Links ]

    VOGEL H (1992) Effects of conservation tillage on sheet erosion from sandy soils at two experimental sites in Zimbabwe. Appl. Geogr. 12 229-242. [ Links ]

    WHITLOW JR (1988) Land Degradation in Zimbabwe. University of Zimbabwe, Harare. [ Links ]

    WHITLOW R and CAMPBELL B (1989) Factors influencing soil erosion in Zimbabwe: a statistical analysis. J. Environ. Anal. 29 (1) 17-29. [ Links ]

    WELDERUFAEL WA, LE ROUX PAL and HENSLEY M (2008) Quantifying rainfall-runoff relationships on the Dera Calcic Fluvic Regosol ecotope in Ethiopia. Agric. Water Manage. 95 1223-1232. [ Links ]

    ZERE TB, VAN HUYSSTEEN CW and HENSLEY M (2005) Estimation of runoff at Glen in the Free State Province of South Africa. Water SA 31 (1) 17-22. [ Links ]

    ZOTARELLI L, ALVES BJR, URQUIAGA S, TORRES E, DOS SANTOS HP, PAUSTIAN K, BODDEY RM and SIX J (2005) Impact of tillage and crop rotation on aggregate-associated carbon in two Oxisols. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 69 482-491. [ Links ]

    ZIMBABWE DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE (2002) URL: (Accessed 17 April, 2012). [ Links ]