SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

MOODLEY, B; MULHOLLAND, DA  and  BROOKES, HC. The chemical oxidation of lignin found in Sappi Saiccor dissolving pulp mill effluent. Water SA [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.1, pp. 1-8. ISSN 1816-7950.

    AGNEMO R and GELLERSTEDT G (1979) The reactions of lignin with alkaline hydrogen peroxide. Part II. Factors influencing the decomposition of phenolic structures. Acta Chem. Scand. B 33 337-342. [ Links ]

    ALÉN R (2000) Basic: Chemistry of wood delignification. In: Stenius P (ed.) Forest Products Chemistry. Fapet Oy, Helsinki. 86-93. [ Links ]

    BAILEY CW and DENCE CW (1969) Reactions of alkaline hydrogen peroxide with softwood lignin model compounds, spruce milledgroundwood lignin and spruce groundwood. Tappi 52 491-500. [ Links ]

    CHANG H-M and ALLAN GG (1971) Oxidation. In: Sarkanen KV and Ludwig CH (eds.) Lignins: Occurrence, Formation, Structure and Reactions. Wiley - Interscience, New York. 433-457. [ Links ]

    CRESTINI C, CRUCIANELLI M, ORLANDI M and SALADINO R (2010) Oxidative strategies in lignin chemistry: A new environmental friendly approach for the functionalisation of lignin and lignocellulosic fibers. Catal. Today 156 8-22. [ Links ]

    DENG H, LIN L, SUN Y, PANG C, ZHUANG J, OUYANG P, LI J and LUI S (2009) Activity and stability of perovskite-type oxide LaCoO3 oxide catalyst in lignin catalytic wet oxidation to aromatic aldehydes process. Energ. Fuels 23 19-24. [ Links ]

    GELLERSTEDT G and AGNEMO R (1980) The reactions of lignin with alkaline hydrogen peroxide. part III. The oxidation of conjugated carbonyl structures. Acta Chem. Scand. B 34 275-272. [ Links ]

    GELLERSTEDT G, HARDELL H-L and LINDFORS E-L (1980) The reactions of lignin with alkaline hydrogen peroxide. Part IV. Products from oxidation of quinone model compounds. Acta Chem. Scand. B 34 669-673. [ Links ]

    KADLA JF, CHANG H-M and JAMEEL H (1997) The reactions of lignins with hydrogen peroxide at high temperatures. Holzforschung 51 428-434. [ Links ]

    KINDSIGO M and KALLAS J (2006) Degradation of lignins by wet oxidation: model water solutions. Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem. 55 132-144. [ Links ]

    KRATZL K, CLAUS P, LONSKY W and GRATZL JS (1974) Model studies on reactions occurring in oxidations of lignin with molecular oxygen in alkaline media. Wood Sci. Technol. 8 35-49. [ Links ]

    LEOPOLD B and MALMSTROM IL (1951) Nitrobenzene oxidation of compounds of the lignan type. Acta Chem. Scand. 5 936-940. [ Links ]

    MANCERA A, FIERRO V, PIZZI A, DUMARCAY S, GERARDIN P, VELASQUEZ J, QUINTANA G and CELZARD A (2010) Physicochemical characterisation of sugar cane bagasse lignin oxidized by hydrogen peroxide . Polym. Degrad. Stab. 95 470-476. [ Links ]

    MARSHALL HB and VINCENT DL (1978) Production of syringaldehyde from hardwood waste pulping liquors. US Patent 407524. [ Links ]

    MOROHOSHI N and GLASSER WG (1979) The structure of lignins in pulps. Wood Sci. Technol. 13 165-78. [ Links ]

    PEARL IA (1969) Utilization of by-products of the pulp and paper industry. Tappi 52 1253-1260. [ Links ]

    PEPPER JM, CASSELMAN BW and KARAPALLY JC (1967) Lignin oxidation. Preferential use of cupric oxide. Canadian J. Chem. 45 3009-3012. [ Links ]

    PEW JC (1955) Nitrobenzene oxidation of lignin model compounds, spruce wood and spruce "native lignin". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77 2831-2833. [ Links ]

    VILLAR JC, CAPEROS A and GARCIA-OCHOA F (1997) Oxidation of hardwood kraft-lignin to phenolic derivatives. Nitrobenzene and copper oxide as oxidants. J. Wood Chem. Technol. 17 259-285. [ Links ]

    VILLAR JC, CAPEROS A and GARCIA-OCHOA, F (2001) Oxidation of hardwood kraft lignin to phenolic derivatives with oxygen as oxidant. Wood Sci. Technol. 35 245-255. [ Links ]

    WONG Z, CHEN K and LI J (2010) Formation of vanillin and syringaldehyde in an oxygen delignification process. Bioresources 5 1509-1516. [ Links ]