SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

WILLIAMS, J H et al. Barbiturate ingestion in three adult captive tigers (Panthera tigris) and concomitant fatal botulism of one. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.4, pp. 244-249. ISSN 1019-9128.

    1. Ahmed A M, Motoi Y, Sato M, Maruyama A, Watanabe H, Fukumoto Y, Shimamoto T 2007 Zoo animals as reservoirs of gram-negative bacteria harboring integrons and antimicrobial resistance genes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73:6686-6690 [ Links ]

    2. Bleich A, Kirsh P, Sahly H, Fahey J, Smoczek A, Hedrich H J, Sundberg J P 2008 Klebsiella oxytoca: opportunistic infections in laboratory rodents. Laboratory Animals 42:369-375 [ Links ]

    3. Branson K R 2001 Injectable anaesthetics. In Veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics (8th edn). Iowa State University Press, Ames: 231-267 [ Links ]

    4. Bush M, Phillips L G, Montali R J 1987 Clinical management of captive tigers. In Tilson R L, Seal U S (eds), Tigers of the world. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge: 171-199 [ Links ]

    5. Bruchim Y, Steinman A, Markovitz M, Baneth G, Elad D, Shpigel N Y 2006 Toxicological, bacteriological and serological diagnosis of botulism in a dog. Veterinary Record 158:768-769 [ Links ]

    6. Chaplin M D, Roszkowski A P, Richards R K 1973 Displacement of thiopental from plasma proteins by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 143:667-671 [ Links ]

    7. Charney D S, Mihic, S J, Harris R A 2006 Hypnotics and sedatives. In Brunton L L, Lazo S L, Parker K L (eds) Goodman & Gillman's The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. (11th edn): 414-420 [ Links ]

    8. Court M H, Greenblatt D J 1997 Molecular basis for deficient acetaminophen glucuronidation in cats. An interspecies comparison of enzyme kinetics in liver microsomes. Biochemical Pharmacology 53:1041-1047 [ Links ]

    9. Court M H, Greenblatt D J 2000 Molecular genetic basis for deficient acetaminophen glucuronidation by cats: UGT1A6 is a pseudogene, and evidence for reduced diversity of expressed hepatic UGT1A isoforms. Pharmacogenetics 10:355-369 [ Links ]

    10. De Broe M E, Elseviers M M 1998 Analgesic nephropathy. New England Journal of Medicine 338:446-452 [ Links ]

    11. Elad D, Yas-Natan E, Aroch I, Shamir M H, Kleinbart S, Hadash D, Chaffer M, Greenberg K, Schlosberg A 2004 Natural Clostridium botulinum type C toxicosis in a group of cats. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 42:5406-5408 [ Links ]

    12. Greenwood A G 1985 Diagnosis and treatment of botulism in lions. Veterinary Record 117:58-60 [ Links ]

    13. Hewitt S, Williamson S, Woodger N, Streete P, Cracknell J 2010 Secobarbital poisoning in an Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) Veterinary Record 167:167-180 [ Links ]

    14. Hoffmann K M, Deutschmann A, Weltzer C, Joainig M, Zechner E, Högenauer C, Hauer A C 2010 Antibiotic-associated haemorrhagic colitis caused by cytotoxinproducing Klebsiella oxytoca. Pediatrics 125: e960-e963 [ Links ]

    15. Humphreys D J, Longstaffe J A, Stodulski J B 1980 Barbiturate poisoning from petshop meat: possible association with perivascular injection. Veterinary Record 107:517 [ Links ]

    16. Jeong S H, Kim W M, Chang C L, Kim J M, Lee K, Chong Y, Hwang H W, Bael Y W, Chung H K, Wood I G, Ku J Y 2001 Neonatal intensive care unit outbreak caused by a strain of Klebsiella oxytoca resistant to aztreonam due to over production of chromosomal Ä-lactamase. Journal of Hospital Infection 48:281-288 [ Links ]

    17. Jurczynski K, Zittlau E 2007 Pentobarbitol poisoning in Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 38:583-584 [ Links ]

    18. Kisseberth W C, Trammel H L 1990 Illicit and abused drugs. Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice 20:405-418 [ Links ]

    19. Kriek N P J, Odendaal M W 2004 Botulism In Coetzer JAW, Tustin RC (eds), Infectious diseases of livestock Vol. 3 (2nd edn), Oxford University Press, Cape Town: 1885-1902 [ Links ]

    20. Lindström M, Nevas M, Kurki J, Sauna-aho R, Latvala-Kiesilä A, Pölönen I, Korkeala H 2004 Type C botulism due to toxic feed affecting 52 000 farmed foxes and minks in Finland. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 42:4718-4725 [ Links ]

    21. Maxie M G, Newman S J 2007 Urinary System. In Maxie G M (ed.), Jubb, Kennedy, and Palmer's pathology of domestic animals Vol. 2, (5th edn). City, Elsevier: 446 [ Links ]

    22. Peck M W 2009 Biology and genomic analysis of Clostridium botulinum. Advances in Microbiological Physiology 55:183-265, 320 [ Links ]

    23. Quinn P J, Carter M E, Markey B, Carter G R (eds), 1994 Clostridium species. In Clinical veterinary microbiology, Wolfe Publishing, Mosby-Year Book Europe 17:191-200 [ Links ]

    24. Schlondorff D. 1993 Renal complications of nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs. Kidney International 44:643-53 [ Links ]

    25. Sobel J 2005 Botulism. Clinical Infectious Diseases 41:1167-1173 [ Links ]

    26. Steinman A, Millet N, Frenkei C, King R, Shpigel N Y 2007 Presence of antibotulinum neurotoxin antibodies in selected wild canids in Israel. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43:548-550 [ Links ]

    27. Tjalsma E J 1990 Three cases of Clostridium botulinum type C intoxication in the dog. Tijdschrift fur Diergeneeskunde 115:518-521 [ Links ]

    28. Walker P D Clostridium 1990 In Carter G R, Cole J R (eds), Diagnostic procedures in veterinary bacteriology and mycology. Academic Press, London: 245-251 [ Links ]

    29. Vellayan S 1984 Barbiturate poisoning in Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) at Zoo Nagara, Malaysia. Malaysian Veterinary Journal 8:27-32 [ Links ]

    30. Volmer P A 2005 Recreational drugs. In Peterson M E, Talcott P A (eds), Small animal toxicology (2nd edn). Saunders, Philadelphia: 667 [ Links ]