SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

PILOSSOF, Rory. 'Guns don't colonise people ...': the role and use of firearms in pre-colonial and colonial Africa. Kronos [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.1, pp. 266-277. ISSN 0259-0190.

    1 W.K. Storey, Guns, Race, and Power in Colonial South Africa (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 1. [ Links ]


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    3 D. Northrup, Africa's Discovery of Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 90. [ Links ]


    4 J.F. Ajayi, 'Africa at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century: Issues and Prospects', in J.F. Ajayi, ed., UNESCO General History of Africa VI: Africa in the Nineteenth Century until the 1880s (California: University of California Press, 1989), 9. [ Links ]


    5 A. Mazrui, 'The Warrior Tradition in Modern Africa', Journal of Asian and African Studies, 12(1-4), 1977, 1. [ Links ]


    6 J. Lamphear, 'Introduction' in J. Lamphear, ed., African Military History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), xiii and xxx. [ Links ]


    7 R.W. Harms, 'The Wars of August: Diagonal Narrative in African History', American Historical Review, 88(4), 1983, 809-34; [ Links ]

    H.J. Fisher, '"He Swalloweth the Ground with Fierceness and Rage": The Horse in Central Sudan', Journal of African History, 14(3), 1973, 355-79; [ Links ]

    R. Larick, 'Spears, Style and Time among Maa-Speaking Pastoralists', Journal of Anthropological Anthropology, 4( 3), 1985, 206-220. [ Links ]


    8 L. Kaba, 'Archers, Musketeers and Mosquitoes: The Moroccan Invasion of the Sudan and the Songhay Resistance (1591-1612)', Journal of African History, 20(4), 1981, 457-75; [ Links ]

    R. Grey, 'Portuguese Musketeers on the Zambezi', Journal of African History, 12(4), 1971, 531-3; [ Links ]

    J.K. Thornton, 'The Art of War in Angola, 1575-1680', Comparative Studies in Societyand History, 30(2), 1998, 360-78. [ Links ]


    11 J.E. Inikori, 'The Import of Firearms into West Africa 1750-1807: A Quantitative Analysis', Journal of African History, 18(3), 1977, 339-86; [ Links ]

    W.A. Richards, 'The Import of Firearms into West Africa in the Eighteenth Century', Journal of African History, 21(1), 1980, 43-59. [ Links ]


    18 D. Northrup, Trade Without Rulers: Pre-Colonial Economic Development in South-Eastern Nigeria (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978), 211. [ Links ]


    21 R. Law, 'Dahomey and the Slave Trade: Reflections on the Historiography', Journal of African History, 27(2), 1986, 237-67; [ Links ]

    R. Law, 'Horses, Firearms, and Political Power in Pre-Colonial West Africa', Past and Present, 72(1), 1976, 112-32; [ Links ]

    M.A. Klein, 'The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on the Societies of the Western Sudan', Social Science History, 14(2), 1990, 231-53. [ Links ]


    22 R. Law, The Slave Coast of West Africa 1550-1750: The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade (Oxford: Oxford UniversityPress, 1991). [ Links ]


    23 E.A. Eldredge, 'Sources of Conflict in Southern Africa, c. 1800-30: The "Mfecane" Reconsidered', Journal of African History, 33(1), 1992, 1-35; [ Links ]

    C.A. Hamilton, '"The Character and Objects of Chaka": A Reconsideration of the Making of Shaka as "Mfecane" Motor', Journal of African History, 33(1), 1992, 37-63. [ Links ]


    24 A. Atmore, J.M. Chirenje and S.I. Mudenge, 'Firearms in South Central Africa', Journal of African History, 12(4), 1971,545-56; [ Links ]

    A.L. Epstein, 'Military Organisation and the Pre-Colonial Polity of the Bemba in Zambia', Man, 10, 1975, 199-217. [ Links ]


    25 R.A. Caulk, 'Firearms and Princely Power in Ethiopia in the Nineteenth Century', Journal of African History, 13(4), 1972, 609-30; [ Links ]

    J. Dunn, '"For God, Emperor, and Country!" The Evolution of Ethiopia's Nineteenth-Century Army', War in History, 1(3), 1994, 278-99. [ Links ]


    26 J.F. Ajayi, 'Professional Warriors in Nineteenth Century Yoruba Politics', Tarikh, 1, 1968, 72-81; [ Links ]

    R.L. Roberts, 'Production and Reproduction of Warrior States: Segu Bambara and Segu Tokolor, c. 1712-1890', International Journal of African Historical Studies, 13(3), 1980, 389-419. [ Links ]


    27 A., Boahen, 'New Trends and Processes in Africa in the Nineteenth Century', in J.F. Ajayi, ed., UNESCO General History of Africa VI: Africa in the Nineteenth Century until the 1880s (California: University of California Press, 1989), 40. [ Links ]


    28 B. Freund, The Making of Contemporary Africa: The Development of an African Society since 1800 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998), 53. [ Links ]


    30 There is a large quantity of literature on firearms and their development in the nineteenth century. For summaries of this process see W.K. Storey, 'Guns, Race, and Skill in Nineteenth-Century Southern Africa', Technology and Culture, 45(4),2004, 691-692; [ Links ]


    31 R. Roberts, Warriors, Merchants, and Slaves: The State and the Economy in the Middle Niger Valley 1700-1914 (Stanford:Stanford University Press, 1987), 92; [ Links ]


    34 D. Robinson, 'Review: [untitled]', International Journal of African Historical Studies, 11(2), 1978, 319-321; [ Links ]

    M. Last, 'Review: [untitled]', Journal of the International African Institute, 49(2), 1979, 192; [ Links ]

    T.R. de Gregori, 'Review: [untitled]', Technology and Culture, 18(4), 1977, 730-1. [ Links ]


    35 P. Irwin, 'Review: [untitled]', ASA Review of Books, 5, 1979, 224-225; [ Links ]


    38 J. Guy, The Maphumulo Uprising: War, Law and Ritual in the Zulu Rebellion (Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2005). [ Links ]


    41 J. Guy, 'A Note on Firearms in the Zulu Kingdom with Special Reference to the Anglo-Zulu War, 1879', Journal of African History, 12(4), 1971, 569. [ Links ]


    43 A. MacKinnon, 'Review: [untitled]', African Studies Quarterly, 11(2&3), 2010, 148. [ Links ]