SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

WILLIAMS, Christian A.. National history in Southern Africa: reflections on the 'Remember Cassinga?' exhibition. Kronos [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.1, pp. 207-212. ISSN 0259-0190.


    2 In the mid-1990s historians Wolfram Hartmann, Patricia Hayes and Jeremy Silvester began to connect colonial era photographs from the National Archives in Namibia with the oral histories of people living in post-colonial Namibia. Connections were made through several interrelated projects. Photographs were introduced to research participants through oral history work. An exhibition, titled 'The Colonising Camera', was displayed and eventually published as The Colonising Camera: Photographs in the Making of Namibian History (Cape Town: UCT Press, 1998), [ Links ]


    7 'Cassinga Massacre Must Unite Us', Windhoek Observer, 1-7.5.2010; [ Links ]

    'The Cassinga Massacre Remembered', New Era, 3.5.2010; [ Links ]

    'Remember Cassinga', The Namibian, 7.5.2010; [ Links ]

    'Oorlog Museum op Outapi geopen', Die Republikein, 20.5.2010; [ Links ]

    'Remember Cassinga Exhibition opens in Outapi', Informanté, 20-26.5.2010. [ Links ]


    11 Seminal scholarly texts on the detention of accused spies by SWAPO in Angola include: P. Trewhela, 'A Namibian Horror: Swapo's Prisons in Angola', Searchlight South Africa, 4, 1990, 78-93; [ Links ]

    C. Leys and J.S. Saul, Namibia's Liberation Struggle: The Two-Edged Sword (London: James Currey, 1995), 53-58, 63-65; [ Links ]

    J. Hunter, Die Politik der Erinnerung und des Vergessens in Namibia: Umgang mit schweren Menschenrechtsverletzungen der Ära des bewaffneten Befreiungskampfes, 1966 bis 1989 (Frankfurt am Main: P. Lang, 2008), 92-107. [ Links ]


    12 These soldiers were among those imprisoned for participating in 'the Shipanga Rebellion', a conflict within SWAPO in Zambia in 1976. Seminal scholarly texts on the Shipanga rebellion include F. Ansprenger, Die SWAPO (Mainz: MatthiasGrunewald-Verlag, 1984); [ Links ]

    P. Katjavivi, A History of Resistance in Namibia (London: James Currey, 1988), 105-108; [ Links ]

    P. Trewhela,'The Kissinger/Vorster/Kaunda Détente: The Genesis of the SWAPO "Spy Drama", Parts I and II', Searchlight South Africa, 5 1990, 69-86; [ Links ]

    6, 1991, 42-58; C. Leys and J.S. Saul, 'Liberation without Democracy', Journal of Southern African Studies, 20(1), 1994, 123-147; [ Links ]

    Leys and Saul, Namibia's Liberation Struggle, 46-53; [ Links ]

    J. Hunter, Die Politik der Erinnerung und des Vergessens in Namibia, 80-92. [ Links ]

    I also analyse the conflict in chapter three of my doctoral dissertation, titled 'Ordering the Nation: SWAPO in Zambia, 1974-1976'. [ Links ]


    13 Minister Namoloh's interest in rethinking Namibian history was evident not only in remarks that he made at the launch, but also in his interview with the Windhoek Observer ('Cassinga Massacre Must Unite Us', Windhoek Observer, 1-7.5.2010). [ Links ]