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SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

GODBY, Michael. Alfred Martin Duggan-Cronin's photographs for the Bantu tribes of South Africa (1928-1954): the construction of an ambiguous idyll. Kronos [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.1, pp. 54-83. ISSN 0259-0190.


    2 Duggan-Cronin wrote notes on his life in 'Kimberley's Monument to a Vanishing Culture'in Twenty-One (a periodical of the Twenty-One Air School, Kimberley) March 1943, 10-11. But see also Basil Humphreys, 'The Duggan-Cronin Bantu Gallery, Kimberley', Lantern, 11(2), September-December 1961, 71-78; [ Links ]

    R. Hart et al, Thandabantu: A Photographic Journey through Southern Africa, 1919 to 1939 (Kimberley: McGregor Memorial Museum, n.d. [ Links ]

    ); R. Hart, 'Alfred Duggan-Cronin', 33-37 in A. Douglas, ed., Life Less Ordinary: Performance and Display in South African Art (University of Nottingham: Djanogly Art Gallery, 2009); [ Links ]

    and D. Newbury, Defiant Images: Photography and Apartheid South Africa (Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2009), 15-17. [ Links ]


    3 A. Douglas, 'Life Less Ordinary', 7-11 in Anna Douglas, ed., Life Less Ordinary: the 'Zulu impi' is on page 10. [ Links ]


    4 M. Wilman, 'General Introduction', 7-9 in The Bantu Tribes of South Africa: Vol. I, Section I, The Bavenda. [ Links ]


    5 Humphreys, 'The Duggan-Cronin Bantu Gallery, Kimberley', 74. [ Links ]


    6 Humphreys, 'The Duggan-Cronin Bantu Gallery', 77. [ Links ]


    7 The amount of land was increased a little in the second Land Act of 1936. For both Acts, see T.R.H. Davenport and K.S. Hunt, eds., The Right to the Land (Cape Town: David Philip, 1974), 44-46; [ Links ]

    and C. Walker, 'Looking Forward, Looking Back: Beyond the Narrative of Loss and Restoration in the History of the Land' in Michael Godby ed., The Lie of the Land: Representations of the South African Landscape (Cape Town, 2010), 12-27. [ Links ]


    8 N. Worden, The Making of Modern South Africa: Conquest, Segregation and Apartheid (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994), 72-79. [ Links ]


    9 L. Marquard, The Peoples and Policies of South Africa (1952), 2nd ed. (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1960), 33. [ Links ]


    11 H. Phillips, The University of Cape Town, 1918-1948: The Formative Years (Cape Town: U.C.T. Press, 1999), 271. [ Links ]


    12 Worden, The Making of Modern South Africa, 74-75; [ Links ]

    and H. MacMillan, 'A Nation Divided? The Swazi in Swaziland and the Transvaal, 1865-1986' in L. Vail, ed., The Creation of Tribalism in Southern Africa (London: James Currey, 1989), 297. [ Links ]


    13 A. Douglas, Life Less Ordinary, 6-7. [ Links ]


    15 Diamond Fields Advertiser, 29 October 1932. [ Links ]


    16 R.F.A. Hoernlé, 'Review of A.M. Duggan-Cronin, The Bantu Tribes of South Africa: The Basotho', Sunday Times, Nov. 1933. [ Links ]


    17 A.W. Hoernlé, ' Review of A.M. Duggan-Cronin, The Bantu Tribes of South Africa: The Bavenda', The Star, Sept. 1928. [ Links ]


    18 I. Schapera, 'The Present State and Future Development of Ethnographical Research in South Africa', Bantu Studies, 8, 1934, 264-265, [ Links ]


    19 J.L. Comaroff, J. Comaroff and D. James, eds., Picturing a Colonial Past: The African Photographs of Isaac Schapera (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007). [ Links ]


    20 For Levson, see A. Odendaal, compiler, The Leon Levson Photographic Collection: Catalogue and Background Material(Cape Town: University of the Western Cape, Mayibuye Centre, 1990). [ Links ]


    21 M. Godby, 'African Contrasts' in Lines of Sight: Perspectives on South African Photography (Cape Town: South African National Gallery, 2001), 18-33. [ Links ]


    24 See J. Beck with M. Daley, Art Restoration: The Culture, the Business and the Scandal (London: John Murray, 1993). [ Links ]


    25 Humphreys, 'The Duggan-Cronin Bantu Gallery', 73. [ Links ]


    26 Diamond Fields Advertiser, November 1934. [ Links ]


    28 Cape Argus, September 1940. [ Links ]