SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

BERTRAM, Y et al. Reducing the sodium content of high-salt foods: effect on cardiovascular disease in South Africa. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2012, vol.102, n.9, pp.743-745. ISSN 2078-5135.

    1. Norman R, Bradshaw D, Schneider M, Pieterse D, Groenewald P. Revised Burden of Disease Estimates for the Comparative Risk Factor Assessment, South Africa 2000. Cape Town: Medical Research Council, 2006. [ Links ]

    2. Seedat YK, Croasdale MA, Milne FJ, et al. Joint National Hypertension Guideline Working Group 2006. South African Hypertension Guidelines. S Afr Med J 2006;96:337-362. [ Links ]

    3. World Health Organization. Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Disease. Geneva: WHO, 2003. 2003 (accessed 26 May 2011). [ Links ]

    4. Charlton KE, Steyn K, Levitt NS, et al. Diet and blood pressure in South Africa: intake of foods containing sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium in three ethnic groups. Nutrition 2005;21:39-50. [] [ Links ]

    5. Goudge J, Gilson L, Russell S, Gumede T, Mills A. Affordability, availability and acceptability barriers to health care for the chronically ill: Longitudinal case studies from South Africa. BMC Health Serv Res 2009;9(1):1-18. [] [ Links ]

    6. He FJ, MacGregor GA. Effect of modest salt reduction on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Implications for public health. J Human Hypert 2002;16:761-770. [ Links ]

    7. Statistics South Africa. Mid-year population estimates. Pretoria: SSA, 2010. (accessed 5 November 2010). [ Links ]

    8. Charlton KE, MacGregor E, Vorster NH, Levitt NS, Steyn K. Partial replacement of NaCl can be achieved with potassium, magnesium and calcium salts in brown bread. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2007;58:508-521. [] [ Links ]

    9. Charlton KE. The development of a dietary intervention to modify dietary cation content and the evaluation of its effects on blood pressure in hypertensive black South Africans. Cape Town: University of Cape Town, 2007. [ Links ]

    10. Law MR, Frost CE, Wald NJ. By how much does dietary salt reduction lower blood pressure? 1-Analysis of observational data among populations. BMJ 1991;302:811-815. [ Links ]

    11. Norman R, Gaziano T, Laubscher R, Steyn K, Bradshaw D. Estimating the burden of disease attributable to high blood pressure in South Africa in 2000. S Afr Med J 2007;97:692-698. [ Links ]

    12. Barendregt JJ, Veerman J. Categorical versus continuous risk factors and the calculation of potential impact fractions. J Epidemiol Community Health 2010;64:209-212. [] [ Links ]

    13. Bertram MY, Katzenellenbogen J, Bradshaw D, Vos T, Hofman K. The disability adjusted life years due to stroke in South Africa in 2008. Int J Stroke (in press). [ Links ]

    14. Gaziano TA, Steyn K, Cohen DJ, Weinstein MC, Opie LH. Cost-effectiveness analysis of hypertension guidelines in South Africa: Absolute risk versus blood pressure level. Circulation 2006;112:3569-4576. [] [ Links ]

    15. Perry IJ, Beevers DG. Salt intake and stroke: a possible direct effect. J Human Hypert 1992;6(1):23-25. [ Links ]

    16. He FJ, Markandu ND, Sagnella GA, MacGregor GA. Importance of the renin system in determining blood pressure fall with salt restriction in black and white hypertensives. Hypertension 1998;32:820-824. [ Links ]

    17. Bolhuis DP, Temme EHM, Koeman FT, Noort MWJ, Kremer S, Janssen AM. A Salt reduction of 50% in bread does not decrease bread consumption or increase sodium intake by the choice of sandwich fillings. J Nutr 2011;141(12):2249-2255. [] [ Links ]

    18. Stolarz-Strzypek K, Kuznetsova T, Thujs L, et al. Fatal and nonfatal outcomes, incidence of hypertension, and blood pressure changes in relation to urinary sodium excretion. JAMA 2011;305:1777-1785. [] [ Links ]

    19. The Editor. Salt and cardiovascular disease mortality. Lancet 2011;377:1626. [] [ Links ]

    20. MacGregor GA, Markandu ND, Best FE et al. Double-blind randomised crossover trial of moderate sodium restriction in essential hypertension. Lancet 1982;319:351-355. [] [ Links ]

    21. Hooper L, Bartlett C, Davey Smith G, Ebrahim S. Advice to reduce dietary salt for prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Revs 2004;1. [ Links ]

    22. Cobiac LJ, Vos T, Veerman JL. Cost-effectiveness of interventions to reduce dietary salt intake. Heart 2010. [] [ Links ]

    23. He FJ, MacGregor GA. A comprehensive review on salt and health and current experience of worldwide salt reduction programmes. J Human Hypert 2009;23:363-384. [] [ Links ]

    24. Smith-Spangler C, Juusola JL, Enns EA, Owens DK, Garber AM. Prevention strategies to decrease sodium intake and the burden of cardiovascular disease. A cost-effectiveness analysis. Ann Int Med 2010;152:481-487. [ Links ]

    25. Blais CA, Borhani NO, Ferell MF, Prineas RJ, Laing B. Effect of dietary sodium restriction on taste responses to sodium choloride: a longitudinal study. Am J Clin Nutr 1986;44:232-243. [ Links ]