SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

SCHEFFER, Elisabeth G. et al. Use of real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for the detection of African horse sickness virus replication in Culicoides imicola. Onderstepoort j. vet. res. [online]. 2011, vol.78, n.1, pp.1-4. ISSN 2219-0635.

    Fernández-Pinero, J., Fernández-Pacheco, P., Rodríguez, B., Sotelo, E., Robles, A., Arias, M. et al., 2009, 'Rapid and sensitive detection of African horse sickness virus by real-time PCR', Research in Veterinary Science 86, 353-358. doi:10.1016/j. rvsc.2008.07.015, PMid:18782637 [ Links ]

    Fu, H., Leake, C.J., Mertens, P.P. & Mellor, P.S., 1999, 'The barriers to bluetongue virus infection, dissemination and transmission in the vector, Culicoides variipennis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)', Archives of Virology 144, 747-761. doi:10.1007/ s007050050540, PMid:10365165 [ Links ]

    Howell, P.G., 1962, 'The isolation and identification of further antigenic types of African horsesickness virus', Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 29, 139-149. [ Links ]

    Jennings, D.M. & Mellor, P.S., 1987, 'Variation in the responses of Culicoides variipennis(Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) to oral infection with bluetongue virus', Archives of Virology 95, 177-182. doi:10.1007/BF01310778, PMid:3038052 [ Links ]

    Meiswinkel, R., Venter, G.J. & Nevill, E.M., 2004, 'Vectors: Culicoides spp.', in J.A.W. Coetzer & R.C. Tustin (eds.), Infectious Diseases of Livestock, 2nd edn., pp. 93-136, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [ Links ]

    Mellor, P.S., 1990, 'The replication of bluetongue virus in Culicoides vectors', Current Topics in Microbiology & Immunology 162, 143-161. [ Links ]

    Mellor, P.S., 2000, 'Replication of arboviruses in insect vectors', Journal of Comparative Pathology 123, 231-247. doi:10.1053/jcpa.2000.0434, PMid:11041993 [ Links ]

    Mellor, P.S., Boorman, J. & Baylis, M., 2000, 'Culicoides biting midges: their role as arbovirus vectors', Annual Review of Entomology 45, 307-340. doi:10.1146/ annurev.ento.45.1.307, PMid:10761580 [ Links ]

    Nevill, E.M., Venter, G.J. & Edwardes, M., 1992, 'Potential Culicoides vectors of livestock orbiviruses in South Africa', in T.E. Walton & B.I. Osburn (eds.), Bluetongue, African horse sickness, and related orbiviruses: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium, pp. 306-313, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. [ Links ]

    Paweska, J.T. & Venter, G.J., 2003, 'Oral susceptibility of South African Culicoides species to live-attenuated serotype-specific vaccine strains of African horse sickness virus (AHSV)', Medical and Veterinary Entomology 17, 436-447. doi:10.1111/j.13652915.2003.00467.x, PMid:14651659 [ Links ]

    Quan, M., Lourens, C.W., Maclachlan, N.J., Gardner, I.A. & Guthrie, A.J., 2010, 'Development and optimisation of a duplex real-time reverse transcription quantitative PCR assay targeting the VP7 and NS2 genes of African horse sickness virus', Journal of Virological Methods 167, 45-52. doi:10.1016/j. jviromet.2010.03.009, PMid:20304015 [ Links ]

    Rodríguez-Sanchez, B., Fernández-Pinero, J., Sailleau, C., Zientara, S., Belak, S., Arias, M. et al., 2008, 'Novel gel-based and real-time PCR assays for the improved detection of African horse sickness virus', Journal of Virological Methods 151, 87-94. doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2008.03.029, PMid:18501973 [ Links ]

    Venter, G.J., Graham, S.D. & Hamblin, C., 2000, 'African horse sickness epidemiology: Vector competence of South African Culicoides species for virus serotypes 3, 5 and 8', Medical and Veterinary Entomology 14, 245-250. doi:10.1046/j.13652915.2000.00245.x, PMid:11016430 [ Links ]

    Venter, G.J., Hill, E., Pajor, I.T.P. & Nevill, E.M., 1991, 'The use of a membrane feeding technique to determine the infection rate of Culicoides imicola (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) for 2 bluetongue virus serotypes in South Africa', Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 58, 5-9. PMid:1646980 [ Links ]

    Venter, G.J. & Paweska, J.T., 2007, 'Virus recovery rates for wild-type and liveattenuated vaccine strains of African horse sickness virus serotype 7 in orally infected South African Culicoides species', Medical and Veterinary Entomology 21, 377-383. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2007.00706.x, PMid:18092976 [ Links ]

    Venter, G.J., Paweska, J.T., Van Dijk, A.A., Mellor, P.S. & Tabachnick, W.J., 1998, 'Vector competence of Culicoides bolitinos and C. imicola for South African bluetongue virus serotypes 1, 3 and 4', Medical and Veterinary Entomology 12, 378-385. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2915.1998.00116.x, PMid:9824821 [ Links ]

    Wittmann, E.J. & Baylis, M., 2000, 'Climate change: Effects on Culicoides-transmitted viruses and implications for the UK', Veterinary Journal 160, 107-117. doi:10.1053/tvjl.2000.0470 , PMid:10985802 [ Links ]