On-line version ISSN 0038-2337
S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.45 n.2 Pretoria Aug. 2015
This edition of the South African Journal of Occupational Therapy (SAJOT) i.e. Vol 45 no 2 is an historical edition for two reasons. The first is that this is the last print version of this Journal! The Occupational Therapy Association of South Africa (OTASA) under whose auspices the journal falls, has decided that from the December issue i.e. Vol 45 No 3 2015 the journal will only be offered in electronic format. This ends 62 years of the printed version being available to members of OTASA as a perk of membership. The exact way in which members of OTASA will receive their Journal has yet to be decided, however members will be informed through sms and email of the way in which they will receive their copy of SAJOT. Obtaining a copy of the journal immediately after publication remains a benefit of membership for the OTASA members. For the immediate future, the full text of the Journal will still be available to members on the OTASA web site (www.otasa.org.za) and as open access, one year after publication, on the SAJOT web site (www.sajot.co.za).
After 62 years of the publication being in print (the first journal was published in 1953 -Vol 1 No 1, Aug 1953) it is useful to remember1 how much the Journal has developed from one that described only various aspects of occupational therapy (OT). "This trend continued right up until the late nineteen eighties and many very helpful articles on treatment methods, splints and assistive devices were published. This type of article is now published in Focus. It is interesting that SAJOT only obtained an ISSN number from Vol. 30 No 3 in November 2000"l:l. From the year 2000 to approximately 2007, SAJOT was able to publish only two to four scientific articles in each edition. Since then the publication rate of research articles has improved and SAJOT now publishes eight or more scientific articles per edition. This demonstrates the greater focus on measuring the success of occupational therapy and is a welcome advance in the profession in this country.
The second reason for this being a historical edition of the Journal is that SAJOT now has an impact factor of 0.1143. This factor is not static and can change from month to month depending on the quality of the articles and interest shown in the subjects being printed. We still have a very long way to go to improve the impact factor but it is a start in the right direction. To improve the impact factor, I must say yet again, that we need high quality research articles, specifically quantitative in nature. Currently more articles using qualitative methodologies are published. I would also like to remind you of the review of SAJOT by the Academy for Science of South Africa who reported2 that "there is a lack of articles reporting on the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions in most areas of practice. An increase in experimental and outcomes research that reports on evidence of effective interventions would make the journal more balanced. This research would probably only happen if universities were encouraged to put greater emphasis on these types of study designs in their research foci"2.
This edition publishes 8 scientific articles and two "commentaries. Only two of these articles use a quantitative methodology. The first article3 deals with the important subject of standardised tests and the possible problems that may arise if testing is done on a population different to that used for the normative data. This article demonstrated differences in the reliability of the Motor-Free Visual perception Test when translated in to the Afrikaans language and used on a SA Afrikaans speaking population. It highlights the need for tests that are both developed and standardised on a South African population. There have been other studies published in SAJOT4,5,6 demonstrating the need for South African standardisation data and we are in need of a coherent approach to producing this type of data. Another article in this Journal that deals with the use of tests in OT is the one by De Klerk et al7 who investigated the use of hand therapy assessments among occupational therapists in South Africa. As they point out, the use of this type of testing is extremely important if we as occupational therapists are going to provide the much needed evidence for successful intervention. They found that, of particular concern was the lack of use of tests for activity participation - an area that one would have thought would be the most dominant type of tests used to measure successful occupational therapy interventions. The authors have provided an extensive list of published standardised tests which should be useful for therapists wishing to provide the much needed information for success in therapy. This article points out yet again, the need of appropriate testing material in occupational therapy.
Another article8 in this edition looks at the perceptions that the users have of an OT intervention at a substance abuse clinic in SA. This is a very useful study in that it gives direction and feedback on a specific OT service which helps the therapist to better understand how the service can be improved. All in all, it appears that this particular service is meeting most of its objectives. However it does make the case for more community based intervention and follow up.
An articel9, in which a very valuable contribution is made to the necessary skill of report writing, describes an inclusive method used to develop a report writing protocol specifically to be used in vocation assessment and rehabilitation. The protocol as described can be obtained from the contact given in the article. It is to the authors' credit that the outcome from the research process can be immediately implemented to assist therapists in improving their practice.
The article by Wimpenny and Lewis10 is relevant for educators as it examines the perceptions of two groups of newly qualified occupational therapists, one in the United Kingdom and the other in South Africa, of how the occupational therapy curriculum for mental health had prepared them for practice. It is interesting that they found that, in spite of the rather different practice environments, there was a shared identity, socialisation process and professional identity as well as similar problems. It was particularly good to note that in the both sets of graduates "...an overwhelming desire to make a difference"I0:27 was found. The graduates mentioned ways in which the curriculum could be improved particularly in relation to the challenges of working in a rural environment.
An extremely interesting, exciting and detailed multi-disciplinary rehabilitation case study of a chronic C4 tetraplegic patient who had undergone an autologous human stem cell transplantation 6 years after injury follows11. It is quite amazing to see the progress that this young man has made over a period of 12 months, with the intense rehabilitation programme that was provided, which would not have been possible without the transplant. There has been no other such case study and this article breaks completely new rehabilitation ground demonstrating what can be achieved in this day of stem cell transplants. A detailed rehabilitation programme is described which will be very useful to therapists in similar circumstances.
Two articles deal with aspects of community-based rehabilitation. The first one12 describes a process used by undergraduate students to gain entry to a community and looks at their own experiences while acquainting themselves with a specific community in Cape Town SA. The second articleI3 explains, giving relevant examples, the process of accessing evidence based practices to help with the implementation of a community based rehabilitation project. Not only does it describe in detail this process but can also helpful to researchers in the production of information that will contribute to outcomes based therapy.
This edition concludes with two commentaries14,15. The first one14 describes the growth of OT as a profession in Brazil. The growth has been exponential in the last decade to the extent that it has an enviable large population of occupational therapists - numbering 13 536 with 75 Universities training students. The second commentary15 explains how the Danielson's Framework16 can be adapted to assist in setting up a new clinical training venue for 3rd year occupational therapy students at the University of the Western Cape and how the clinical supervisor can also be used as the in-situ supervising clinician.
1. Concha ME. Editorial comment. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2013; 43 (2): 1-2. [ Links ]
2. Committee on Scholarly Publishing in South Africa, Report on Grouped Peer Review of Scholarly Journals in the Health Sciences and Related Medical Fields Aug 2014 (pg 68-71).at http://www.assaf.co.za/wpcontent/uploads/2011/10/Health-Science-30.9.2014-2.pdf [ Links ]
3. Koch L, Eksteen T, de Witt P The reliability of the Motor-Free Visual Perception Test (MVPT-3) when translated into Afrikaans, on a fist language Afrikaans urban population aged 8 years 0 months to 8 years 11 months. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 3-8. In this journal. [ Links ]
4. Van Jaarsveld A. Smith Roley S, Patterns of sensory integration dysfunction in children from South Africa. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2014; 44 (2): 2-6. [ Links ]
5. Van Jaarveld A, Mailloux Z, Herzberg DS. The use of the Sensory Integration and Praxius Tests with South African children. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2012; 42 (3): 12-18. [ Links ]
6. Visser, M, Cronjé M, Kemp B, Scholtz M, van Rooyen W, Nel M. The DTVP-2 visual closure subtest: a closer look. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2012; 42 (2): 21-25. [ Links ]
7. de Klerk S, Bucahan H, Pretorius B. Occupational Therapy hand assessment practices: Cause for concern? South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 43-50. In this journal. [ Links ]
8. Bell T, Wegner L. Blake L, Jupp L, Nyabenda F Turner T. Clients perceptions of an occupational therapy intervention at a substance use rehabilitation centre in the Western Cape. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 10-14. In this journal. [ Links ]
9. van Biljon H. Casteleijn D, du Toit SHJ, Developing a vocational rehabilitation report writing protocol - a collaborative action research process. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 15-21. In this journal. [ Links ]
10. Wimpenny K, and Lewis L. Preparation for an uncertain world: professional agency and durability in the practice preparation of mental health in occupational therapy. South African journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 22-28. In this journal. [ Links ]
11. Hiemstra LE, Terblanche L, Adriaanse B. Rehabilitation outcomes following autologous human stem cell transplantation in a chronic complete C4 tetraplegic - the first l2 months: A case report. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 29-42. In this journal. [ Links ]
12. Vermeulen N, Amod A, Bell T, Cloete A, Johannes T, Williams K. Students' fieldwork experiences of using community entry skills within community development. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 51-55. In this journal. [ Links ]
13. Buchanan H, Lorenzo T, Law M. Fostering evidence-based practice in community-based rehabilitation: Strategies for Implementation. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 20l5; 45 (2): 56-62. In this journal. [ Links ]
14. Guillaumon Emmel ML, Cezae da Cruz DM, de Oliveira Figueiredo M. An historical overview of occupational educational institutions in Brazil. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 63-67. In this journal. [ Links ]
15. Erasmus J and Vermeulen N. The use of Danielson's Framework in developing a new fieldwork training setting for 3rd year occupational therapy students from the University of the Western Cape. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2015; 45 (2): 68-72. In this journal. [ Links ]
16. Danielson, C. Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1996. [ Links ]