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South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

versión On-line ISSN 2310-3833
versión impresa ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.42 no.3 Pretoria  2012




Measuring percieved social support in stroke survivors: Linguistic validation of the Multidimensional Scale of Percieved Social Support (MSPSS) in Hausa (Nigerian) language



Ashiru HamzaI; Nabilla Al-sadat Abdul MohseinII; Loh siew YimIII

IBSc Physio (Bayero University Nigeria), MMedPH (University of Malaya, Malysia), (University of Malaya, Malaysia). PhD student, Center for Population Health. Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
IIMBBS (University of Malaya, Malaysia), MPH (UM) (University of Malaya), MSc HelaTH Planning and Financing (London School of Economics, UK), PhD (Curtin University of Technology, Australia). Associate Professor, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia
IIIBSc (Hon) Applied rehab, University of Teeside, UK), MSc Medical Education, (University of Wales, UK), Master Counselling (University of Malaya, Malaysia), PhD (Curtain University of Technology Australia). Senior Lecturer, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia





BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In stroke survivors, social support is believed to affect the quality of patient care and the disease outcome, as well as patients' physical and psychosocial well-being. Assessment is therefore essential for the development and evaluation of interventions designed to improve social support for those deprived of this resource. The aim of the linguistic validation of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) was to produce a translated version in Hausa language with "conceptual, semantic and operational equivalence" to the original U.S. English version for use in clinical practice and research in Nigeria.
METHODS: A multiprofessional committee that consisted of five experts carried out the translation process in accordance with the Mapi Research Institute format and guidelines for cultural adaptation of questionnaires. This included the steps of forward translations, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review, pre-testing (with 10 hemiplegic subjects) and finalisation.
RESULTS: During the translation processes of the MSPSS into Hausa, concerns were raised pertaining to some linguistic and semantic issues including the appropriateness of certain terms used. The literal translation of some of the items and expressions used was not viable in Hausa language; hence, researchers had to find culturally agreeable linguistic equivalents. Pilot testing revealed the MSPSS to be easily understandable, simple, clear and appropriate for the evaluation of social support among these stroke survivors.
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: The processes involved in the translation served to ensure that the Hausa-MSPSS was measuring the same circumstances as the original scale, thereby enabling comparisons between different cultures. Nevertheless, further in-depth psychometric testing on a larger sample is proposed to be carried out among Hausa speakers.

Key words: Stroke, assessment, social support, linguistic validation



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Ashiru Hamza Mohammad

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