SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.42 número1Domains for occupational therapy outcomes in mental health practices índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

versión On-line ISSN 2310-3833
versión impresa ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.42 no.1 Pretoria  2012

 

COMMENTARY

 

Undergraduate occupational therapy students' engagement in qualitative research: Identifying research problems and questions through reflection while in a community fieldwork setting

 

 

Jo-Celene de Jongh

PhD. Senior Lecturer, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of the Western Cape

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

As part of the occupational therapy undergraduate programme at the University of the Western Cape (UWC), students carry out group research projects while in their fieldwork placements. The purpose of the Research module is to introduce them to basic qualitative research methods. Following the progress of a group of students in a community fieldwork setting as an example, this article is a commentary on how they use the steps of the community process as a guideline to identify possible research questions. The author will highlight the process that students follow to refine their research questions, the support they require to identify priority problems, the barriers that students face while conducting research in fieldwork, and the positive outcomes for students and the community. In conclusion the community process provided the students with a theoretical guideline, specifically the needs assessment and analysis steps of the process in order for them to conceptualise a research question within a community fieldwork setting.

Key words: occupational therapy, undergraduate research, qualitative research, community process, fieldwork, culture, reflection


 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

References

1. Newton JM, McKenna LG, Gilmour C, Fawcett J. Exploring a pedagogical approach to integrating research, practice and teaching. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 2010; 7: 1-13.         [ Links ]

2. Billings DM, Kowalski K. Bridging the theory-practice gap with evidence-based practice. Journal of Continuing Educator Nurse, 2006; 37: 248-249.         [ Links ]

3. Henderson EJ, Rheault W. Appraising and incorporating qualitative research in evidence-based practice. Journal of Physical Therapy Education, 2004; 18: 35-40.         [ Links ]

4. Gutman SA. Research priorities of the profession. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2008; 499-501.         [ Links ]

5. Frankel RM, Devers KJ. Study design in qualitative research: Developing questions and assessing resource needs. Education for Health, 2000; 13: 251-261.         [ Links ]

6. Evans BC. The multicultural research process. Journal of Nursing Education, 2006; 45: 275-279.         [ Links ]

7. Curtin M, Fossey E. Appraising the trustworthiness of qualitative studies: Guidelines for occupational therapists. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 2007; 54: 88-94.         [ Links ]

8. Halcomb EJ, Peters K. Nursing student feedback on undergraduate research education: Implications for teaching and learning. Journal of Nursing Education, 2009; 33: 59-68.         [ Links ]

9. Adam K, du Toit S. Creating the future by fostering a research culture during clinical education: An international collaboration. Poster presented at the 23rd National Conference and Exhibition, 2008; Melbourne: Australia Occupational Therapy Association.         [ Links ]

10. Gates AQ, Teller PJ, Bernat A, Delgado N, Della-Piana CK. Expanding participation in undergraduate research using the affinity group model. Journal of Engineering Education, 1999; 10: 409-414.         [ Links ]

11. De Jongh J. Curriculum change to enhance occupational therapy student practice at the University of the Western Cape, South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2009; 39: 31-38.         [ Links ]

12. Billings JR Cowley S. Approaches to community needs assessment: A literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 1995; 22: 721 -730.         [ Links ]

13. Milner T, Bossers A. Evaluation of the mentor-mentee relationship in an occupational therapy programme. Occupational Therapy International, 2004; 11: 96-111.         [ Links ]

14. Sellar B, Boshoff K. Subjective leisure experiences of older Australians. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 2006; 53: 21 1-219.         [ Links ]

15. Fisher AG. Why is it so hard to practice as an occupational therapist? Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 2003; 50: 193-194.         [ Links ]

16. Lloyd C, King R McCarthy M, Scanlan M. The association between leisure motivation and recovery: A pilot study. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 2007; 54: 33-31.         [ Links ]

17. Taylor J. Women's leisure activities, their social stereotypes and some implications for identity. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2003; 66: 151-158.         [ Links ]

18. Wilcock A. A theory of the human need for occupation. Journal of Occupational Science, 1993; 1: 17-24.         [ Links ]

19. Hocking C, Whiteford G. Multiculturalism in occupational therapy: A time for reflection on core values. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 1995; 42: 172-175.         [ Links ]

20. Moniz-Cook E, Stokes G, Agar S. Difficult behaviour and dementia in nursing homes: Five cases of psychosocial intervention. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2003; 10: 197-208.         [ Links ]

21. McKay E, Molineux M. Occupation: Reaffirming its place in practice. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2000; 63: 241-242.         [ Links ]

22. Pedretti LW, Early MB. Occupational therapy: Practical skills for physical dysfunction. Mosby: USA, 2001.         [ Links ]

23. Cavanaugh JC, Blanchard-Fields F. Adult development and aging. Wadsworth: USA, 2006.         [ Links ]

24. Rasmussen TM, Lloyd C, Wieland T. Cultural awareness among Queensland undergraduate occupational therapy students. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 2005; 52: 302-310.         [ Links ]

25. Mackenzie L. Briefing and debriefing of student fieldwork experiences: Exploring concerns and reflecting on practice. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 2002; 49: 82-92.         [ Links ]

26. Gola G. Informal learning of social workers: A method of narrative enquiry. Journal of Workplace Learning, 2009; 21: 334-346.         [ Links ]

27. Kai J, Beavan J, Faull C, Dodson L, Gill P Beighton A. Professional uncertainty and disempowerment responding to ethnic diversity in health care: A qualitative study. Plos Medicine, 2007; 4: 1 766-1775.         [ Links ]

28. Hammell KW. Dimensions of meaning in the occupations of daily life. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2004; 71: 296-305.         [ Links ]

29. Townsend E, Wilcock A. Occupational justice and client centred practice: A dialogue in progress. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy; 71: 75-87.         [ Links ]

30. WHO. "Ottawa charter on health promotion." 1986. <http://www.who.int/hpr/archives/docs/ottawa/ (17 Feb 2010).         [ Links ]

31. Roche A, Coote S. Focus group study of student physiotherapists' perception of reflection. Medical Education, 2008; 42: 1064-1070.         [ Links ]

32. Iwama MK. The Kawa (river) model. In: Kronenberg F Algado SS, Pollard N, editors. Occupational therapy without borders: Learning from the spirit of survivors. Elsevier: Churchill Livingstone, 2005: 213-227.         [ Links ]

33. Lloyd C, King R. Organisational change and occupational therapy. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2002; 65: 536-542.         [ Links ]

34. Law M, Cooper B, Strong S, Stewart D, Rigby P Letts L. The person-environment-occupation model: A transactive approach to occupational performance. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1996; 63: 9-23.         [ Links ]

35. Doherty RF Ethical decision making in occupational therapy practice. In: Crepeau EB, Cohn ES, Boyt Schell BA, editors. Willard and Spackman's occupational therapy. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins: Philadelphia, 2009: 274-285.         [ Links ]

36. Callister LC, Luthy KE, Thompson P Memmot RJ. Ethical reasoning in baccalaureate nursing students. Nursing Ethics, 2009; 16: 499-510.         [ Links ]

37. Watson RM. Being before doing: The cultural identity (essence) of occupational therapy. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 2006; 53: 151-158.         [ Links ]

38. Martin M, Edwards L. Peer learning on fieldwork placements. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1998; 61 (6): 249-252.         [ Links ]

39. Steele-Smith S, Armstrong M. I would take more students but ... student supervision strategies. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2001; 64: 549-551.         [ Links ]

40. Du Toit SJH, Wilkinson AC, Adam K. Role of research in occupational therapy clinical practice: Applying action learning and action research in pursuit of evidence-based practice. Australian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2010; 57: 318-330.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Jo-Celene de Jongh
jdejongh@uwc.ac.za

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons