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South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

On-line version ISSN 2310-3833
Print version ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.41 n.2 Pretoria  2011




Development of a scissors skills programme for grade 0 children in South Africa - A pilot study



Ingrid RatcliffeI, *; Denise FranzsenII; Faith BischofIII

IBSc OT (Wits), MSc OT (Wits), PhD (Wits). Private Practice
IIBSc OT (Wits), MSc OT (Wits). Lecturer, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
IIIBSc PT (Wits), MSc PT (Wits), PhD (Wits). Honorary Adjunct Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg





The need for a scissors skills programme was identified due to the varying levels of these skills found in Grade 0 children in South Africa. Essential elements for the development of the programme were identified using activity analysis and by evaluating five commercially available programmes in terms of programme length, grading of practice and picture components, type and thickness of lines and the use of a skills checklist. A South African Scissors Skills Programme (SASSP) was compiled based on the skill level of Grade 0 children. Content validity was assessed through expert opinion of the programme and construct validity was assessed in a pilot study carried out on 10 Grade 0 children. Changes made to increase the validity of the programme included picture selection as well as the grading and type of lines used. The teacher instructions for presenting the programme were altered to be easily understandable. The programme was finalised for implementation in further research.

Key words: Bilateral fine motor skills, Scissors skills programme, Graded programme, Grade 0 children



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Ingrid Ratcliffe



* This study was completed as part of the PhD in the Department of Occupational therapy, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand

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