versión On-line ISSN 2310-3833
versión impresa ISSN 0038-2337
S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.41 no.2 Pretoria 2011
IB Occ Ther (UKZN). Occupational therapist in private practice, Durban
IIB Occ Ther (UKZN). Occupational therapist, Livingstone School, Durban
IIIB Occ Ther (UKZN). Junior occupational therapist, Edendale Hospital, Pietermaritzburg
IVB Occ Ther (UDW/UKZN), M.ECI (UP). Lecturer, School of Audiology, Occupational therapy and Speech language pathology, University of KwaZulu Natal
This qualitative study was aimed at gaining an understanding of spinal cord injured women's subjective views and perceptions regarding the inclusion of sexuality in their rehabilitation.
A focus group comprising four women with complete spinal cord injuries who had received their injury not less than 2 years previously and who had been through a rehabilitation programme in the past 5 years confirmed the significance of the dialectical relationship between sexuality and self esteem. Self esteem had a great impact on the participants' ability to resume their lives as sexual beings and their receptiveness to sexuality being addressed in rehabilitation. Further, the participants' ability to resume their lives as sexual beings was impacted on by personal, partners and societal attitudes. It was also equated with their ability to engage in the physical acts of sex. This supports the theoretical constructs of occupational science which recognises the relationship between doing, being and becoming.
One of the significant shortcomings of rehabilitation was the failure to provide individualised and client-centred intervention when including sexuality. Therapists need to adjust the time and manner in which sexuality is addressed and consider the use of peer counselling, group discussion and access to detailed information and resources.
Key words: Activities of Daily Living, Female, Rehabilitation, Sexuality, Spinal cord injury
“Full text available only in PDF format”
1. Komisaruk B, Richards E, Tepper M, Whipple B. Women with complete spinal cord injury: A phenomenological study of sexuality and relationship experiences. Sexuality and disability, 1997; 5 (4): 271- 281. [ Links ]
2. Chard G, Northcott R. Sexual Aspects of Rehabilitation: The client's perspective. The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2000; 63 (9): 412- 418. [ Links ]
3. Sakellariou D, Simo Algado S. Sexuality and Occupational Therapy: Exploring the Link. The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2006; 69 (8): 350-354. [ Links ]
4. Hammel KW. Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. London: Chapman and Hall, 1995. [ Links ]
5. Albo M, Dunn K, Joseph A, Phelps J. Spinal cord injury and sexuality in married or partnered men: Activities, function, needs, and predictors of sexual adjustment. Archives of Sexual Behaviour, 2001; 30 (6): 591-603. [ Links ]
6. McAlonan S. Improving Sexual rehabilitation Services: The Patient's Perspective. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1996; 50 (10): 826-833. [ Links ]
7. Sharma S, Singh R. Sexuality and Women with spinal cord injury. Sexuality and disability, 2005; 23 (1): 21-32. [ Links ]
8. Leibowitz RQ. Sexual rehabilitation services after spinal cord injury: What do women want? Sexuality and disability, 2005; 23 (2): 81-105. [ Links ]
9. Sakellariou D. If not the disability, then what? Barriers to reclaiming sexuality following spinal cord injury. Sexuality and disability, 2006; 24: 101-111. [ Links ]
10. Hess MJ, Hough S, Tammaro E. The experience of four individuals with paraplegia enrolled in an outpatient interdisciplinary sexuality program. Sexuality and disability, 2007; 25:189-195. [ Links ]
11. Pollard N, Sakellariou D. Sex and occupational therapy: Contradictions or contraindications. The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2007; 70 (8): 362-364. [ Links ]
12. McKenna K, Summerville P Sexuality education and counselling for individuals with a spinal cord injury: Implications for occupational therapy. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1998; 61: 275-279. [ Links ]
13. McMillan JH, Schumacher S. Research in education. A conceptual introduction. 5th ed. Pretoria: Van Schaik, 2001. [ Links ]
14. Glesne C, Peshkin A. Becoming Qualitative Researchers: An Introduction. Vermont: Longman, 1992. [ Links ]
15. Khan G, Potgieter CA. Sexual self esteem and body image of South African spinal cord injured adolescents. Sexuality and disability, 2005; 23 (1): 1-19. [ Links ]
16. Levi R, Westgren N. Sexuality after injury: Interviews with women after traumatic spinal cord injury. Sexuality and disability, 1999; 17(4): 309-3 18. [ Links ]
17. Aronsson K, Hyden M, Overlien C. The Focus Group Interview as an In-Depth Method? Young Women Talking About Sexuality. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2005; 8 (4): 331-344. [ Links ]
* This article is based on a research project conducted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the B. Occ Ther degree at the University of KwaZulu Natal.