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South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

versão On-line ISSN 2310-3833
versão impressa ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.41 no.1 Pretoria  2011




Visual motor integration in children living in childcare institutions in Gauteng



C Van HeerdenI, *; N De KockII, *; K LarsenIII, *; M KnopjesIV, *; A SinghV; D FranzsenVI

IBSc (OT) Wits. Occupational Therapist
IIBSc (OT) Wits. Occupational Therapist, Northcott Disability Services, Sydney
IIIBSc (OT) Wits. Occupational Therapist, New South Wales
IVBSc (OT) Wits. Occupational Therapist, Heilbron Provincial Hospital. Heilbron
VB Sc (OT) Wits, MPH. Lecturer, Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand
VIBSc OT M Sc (OT) Witwatersrand. Lecturer, Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand





The research examined the relationship between institutionalisation factors and visual motor integration. A quantitative study of 50 children from nine childcare institutions of varying socio-economic circumstances, within the Gauteng Province, was undertaken. The participants came from different race groups, genders and their ages ranged from 6 to 10 years.
Interview questionnaires were used to obtain the relevant information on client and environmental factors related to the institutions that could influence visual motor integration. The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration, 4th Edition (DTVMI) was used to obtain an objective measure of the participants' visual motor integration abilities.
The analysis of the data revealed statistically significant differences in the mean standard scores related to age, types ofplay engaged in and the socioeconomic circumstances of the institutions. Other factors contributing to lower scores included length of institutionalisation, health, coping with academic tasks and the play resources available in the institutions.

Key words: Child care institution, Visual motor integration, Play, Socio economic status



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Denise Franzsen



* Fourth Year students at the University of the Witwatersrand at the time that the study was conducted.

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