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South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

versión On-line ISSN 2310-3833
versión impresa ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.41 no.1 Pretoria  2011

 

ARTICLES

 

The effect of psycho-motor play on motor and body perception competence for young children with developmental delays

 

 

WH ParkI; YS JeongII; J. BornmanIII

IPhD. Professor, Lifelong Education & Welfare for Persons with Disabilities, University of Dankook, South Korea
IIPhD student, Department of Special Education, University of Dankook, South Korea
IIIPhD. Associate Professor, Centre for Augmentative Communication, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

This paper aims to describe how psycho-motor play advances motor competence and body perception, by helping to shape a positive self-image and activate movement. The participants were 4-7 year-old children with developmental delays who attended an inclusive nursery school. The measurement tools used for the pre-test and post-tests were the Mot 4-6 test, the Perception/Motor Competence Test and the Psycho-Educational Profile. The children participated in a six week programme in which they were exposed to various pieces of play equipment. For the data analysis, the total result of the children's performance was averaged and statistical significance with the t-test and Wilcoxon-test used to determine the difference between pre and post programme scores. The following results were obtained: Firstly, psycho-motor play was effective in the improvement of balance, postural control, and the coordination in the motor competence of Young Children with Developmental Delays (YCDD). Secondly, psycho-motor play was effective for the improvement of body scheme (a component of body perception) and spatial orientation.

Key words: balance, body perception, motor competence, postural control, psycho-motor play (PM), spatial orientation, young children with developmental delays (YCDD)


 

 

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Correspondence:
J. Bornman
Juan.Bornman@up.ac.za
Telephone: +2712 420 2001; Fax: +2712 4204389

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