SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.41 número1Research ethics guidelines and occupational therapy: Can we risk thinking they do not apply to us (or the populations we study)?Assessing tactile perception in limited visibility could be child's-play: Developing the Tupperware Neuropsychological Task índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

versão On-line ISSN 2310-3833
versão impressa ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.41 no.1 Pretoria  2011

 

ARTICLES

 

The developmental status of street children in Potchefstroom, South Africa

 

 

Annemarie van JaarsveldI; Mia VermaakII; Cornel van RooyenIII

IDip. Occ. UP, M.Occ. UFS. Senior lecturer; Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
IIB.Occ. UFS. Junior Lecturer; Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
IIIM. Com. (Mathematical Statistics). Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

Owing to the high rate of school failure among the street children of the Thakaneng Shelter in Potchefstroom, South Africa, a study was conducted to determine the neuro-motor, sensory-motor, and cognitive-perceptual developmental status of these children. A descriptive study, using the standardised Quick Neurological Screening Test, the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration and Motor Co-ordination and the Test of Visual-Perceptual Skills (non-motor) - lower level, was implemented. There were 17 participants in the 6-12 years age group. The findings revealed that sensory-motor and cognitive-perceptual deficits were most dominant, particularly those necessary for school-related tasks and consequently progress at school. The results confirmed the need for an intervention program that would focus on the skills required for school performance.

Key words: Street children, developmental status, school failure, sensory-motor deficits, cognitive-perceptual deficits


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

References

1. Schafer P The twilight world of street children. Reader's Digest, 1989, 134: 19-24.         [ Links ]

2. Consortium for Street Children. "Reports on street children". <http://www.streetchildren.org.uk/reports/South%20Africa%20Child.doc> (17 Feb 2009).         [ Links ]

3. Anirudhra K. Street Children in South Africa: Working Towards Socio-educational Solutions. UNISA: Pretoria, 1998.         [ Links ]

4. Reganick K."Prognosis for Homelessness: Children and Adolescents." Childhood Education. 1997. <http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Prognosis+for+homless+children+and+adolescents.-a0l9263545> ( 3rd Aug 2009).         [ Links ]

5. Davids A, Nkomo N, Mfecane S, Skinner D, Ratele K. Multiple Vulnerabilities: Qualititative data for the study of orphans and vulnerable children in South Africa. HSRC Press: Pretoria, 2006.         [ Links ]

6. Norton S. Is behavior or morphology a more sensitive indicator of central nervous system toxicity? Environmental Health Perspectives, 1978; 26: 21-27.         [ Links ]

7. Kruger JM, Richter LM. South African street children at risk for AIDS? African Insight, 1996; 26: 3-6.         [ Links ]

8. Boa W, Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR. Abuse, support and depression among homeless and runaway adolescents. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 2000; 41: 408-420.         [ Links ]

9. Richter L, Van der Walt M. The psychological assessment of South African street children. Children, Youth and Environments, 2003; 13(1): 1-19.         [ Links ]

10. Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott MH. Motor Control. Theory and Practical Applications. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins: Philadelphia, 2001.         [ Links ]

11. Case-Smith J. Occupational Therapy for Children. 4th ed. Mosby: Toronto, 2001.         [ Links ]

12. Gesell A, Amatruda CS. Developmental Diagnosis. Normal and Abnormal Development. 2nd ed. Harper and Row Publishers: London, 1969.         [ Links ]

13. Mutti MC, Martin NA, Sterling HM, Spalding NV Quick Neurological Screening Test. 2nd ed. Academic Therapy Publications: Novato CA, 1998.         [ Links ]

14. Seifert KL, Hoffnung RJ. Child and Adolescent Development. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, 1987.         [ Links ]

15. De Kock D. Music for Learning. Maskew Miller Longman: Cape Town, 1989.         [ Links ]

16. Zaichkowsky LD, Zaichkowsky LB, Martinek TJ. Growth and Development. The Child and Physical Activity. C.V Mosby Company: St. Louis, 1980.         [ Links ]

17. Reynolds CR, Fletcher-Janzen E. Handbook of Clinical Child Neuro-psychology. Plenum Press: New York, 1989.         [ Links ]

18. Beery KE. The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration. Modern Curriculum Press: New Jersey, 1997.         [ Links ]

19. Morrison FG. TVPS: Test of Visual-Perceptual Skills (non-motor) -lower level. Academic Therapy Publications: Novato CA, 1982.         [ Links ]

20. Van Jaarsveld A, Janse van Rensburg E. The Wall Model of Occupational Performance. CD Publication, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of the Free State: Bloemfontein, 2010.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Ms Annemarie van Jaarsveld
Email address: gnatavj.md@ufs.ac.za

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons