SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.38 issue1The right to respect for autonomy: Part 1 - What is autonomy all about?HIV/AIDS: Guidelines for practitioner conduct - within a legal and ethical framework author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

On-line version ISSN 2310-3833
Print version ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.38 n.1 Pretoria  2008

 

 

 

"We are also travellers": An action story about disabled women mobilising for an accessible public transport system in Khayelitsha and Nyanga, Cape Metropole, South Africa

 

 

Theresa Lorenzo

(PhD); Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

The paper reports on the experiences of disabled women in Khayelitsha and Nyanga in Cape Town in mobilising for an accessible public transport system so that they had equal opportunities to participation in social and economic development. The paper highlights various policies linked to addressing/achieving equal rights and access for disabled people across sectors, with a specific focus on the centrality of accessible public transport to development. The specific aim of this action story was to explore the experiences of disabled women in mobilising for change regarding an accessible public transport system as a strategy for social inclusion.
A qualitative research approach using participatory action research (PAR) was chosen as the research design to allow for emergent process of collaboration and dialogue. Purposive sampling and snowballing were used to select the sample of disabled women living in Khayelitsha and Nyanga in Cape Town. Data was generated through pioneering narrative action reflection (NAR) workshops, as an innovative method to generate data of disability experiences collectively rather than on a one-to-one basis. The method enables storytelling and action learning by marginalised groups in impoverished contexts to mobilise collectively for equal opportunities and social inclusion. The theme "We are also travellers" emerged with two sub-themes that described the barriers and strategies for inclusion, namely "Waiting for transport" and "We have to stand up". The lessons learnt and outcomes included the power of action learning as a strategy for mobilising for social change, and the centrality of an accessible public transport system for the participation of disabled women in development opportunities. NAR workshops were also found to be a culturally sensitive method for emphasising the political and social aspects of knowledge production.

Key words: accessibility, public transport, disability, women, community-based rehabilitation, social inclusion, narrative action reflection workshops, participatory action research


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

References

1. United Nations UN Standard Rules on the Equalisation of Opportunities of People with Disabilities. Vienna: UN, 1994.         [ Links ]

2. WHO Community based rehabilitation. Geneva: WHO, 2004.         [ Links ]

3. Coleridge P. CBR as part of community development and poverty reduction. In: Hartley S, editor. CBR as part of community development - a poverty eradication strategy. London: University College London, Centre for International Child Health. 2006; 9-29. (Available on http://www.afri-can.org)        [ Links ]

4. Watermeyer B, Swartz L, Lorenzo T, Schneider M, Priestley MA, editors. Disability and social change: A South African agenda. Cape Town: HSRC, 2006.         [ Links ]

5. Office of Deputy President (ODP), The White Paper on An Integrated National Disability Strategy. Western Cape: Rustica Press, 1997.         [ Links ]

6. Hartley S, Nganwa A, Kisanji J. Professionals' participation in CBR programmes. In: Hartley S, editor. CBR: A participatory strategy in Africa. London: University College London, Centre for International Child Health, 2002; 72-85.         [ Links ]

7. Ndaziboneye B. People with disabilities 'owning' CBR. In: Hartley S, editor. CBR: A participatory strategy in Africa. London: University College London, Centre for International Child Health, 2002; 106-116.         [ Links ]

8. Wirz S. Training of CBR personnel. In: Thomas M, Thomas MJ, editors. CBR in transition: Selected readings in community based rehabilitation. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal Series 1, 2000; January; 96 -108.         [ Links ]

9. Oliver M. Final accounts and the parasite people. In: Corker M, French S, editors. Disability discourse. Buckingham: Open University Press, 1999.         [ Links ]

10. Lorenzo T. "We don't see ourselves as different": A web of possibilities for disabled women. How black disabled women in poor communities equalise opportunities for human development and social change. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cape Town, 2005.         [ Links ]

11. Lorenzo T. No African Renaissance Without Disabled Women: A New Way Of Looking At Social And Economic Development Of Disabled Women In South Africa. Disability and Society, 2003; 18 (6); 759-778.         [ Links ]

12. Lorenzo T. Equalising opportunities for occupational engagement: disabled women's stories. In: Watson R, Swartz L, editors. Transformation through occupation. London and Philadelphia: Whurr Publishers, 2004; 85-102.         [ Links ]

13. Lorenzo T, January M. Drawing water from the well: the wishes of disabled women for social transformation in the Western Cape. Poster presented at the OTASA conference, July, Johannesburg. Poster presented at 2nd International Women's Health Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, and Poster presentation at the national conference for OTASA, Johannesburg, July 1999.         [ Links ]

14. Taylor V South Africa: Transformation for human development 2000. Pretoria: United Nations Development Programme, 2000.         [ Links ]

15. Barberton C. Introduction. In: Barberton C, Blake M, Kotze H, editors. Creating action space: The challenge of poverty and democracy in South Africa. Cape Town: David Philip Publishers, 1998; 3-10.         [ Links ]

16. Lorenzo T, Mdolokolo P January M, Mguda N. The Value of Ubuntu in Social and Economic Transformation: a renewed hope through storytelling for disabled women in South Africa. Poster presentation at South African Association of Women Graduates conference at University of Cape Town, February, 2001.         [ Links ]

17. Lorenzo T, Saunders C, January M, Mdlokolo P editors. On the road of hope: Stories told by disabled women in Khayelitsha. Cape Town: Division of Occupational Therapy, University of Cape Town, 2002.         [ Links ]

18. Cilliers L, editor. Disability Policy in action: South Africa's Integrated National Disability Strategy explained. Cape Town: DPSA, 2004.         [ Links ]

19. Department of Transport, RSA. White paper on National Transport Policy. Pretoria: Department of Transport, 1996.         [ Links ]

20. Flinkenflügel H. Empowered to differ. Rotterdam: Netherlands, 2004.         [ Links ]

21. Thomas M, Thomas MJ. A discussion of some critical aspects in planning of community based rehabilitation. In: Thomas M, Thomas MJ, editors. CBR in transition: Selected readings in community based rehabilitation. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal 2000; Series 1. January; 84-95.         [ Links ]

22. Department of Health. National Rehabilitation Policy. Pretoria: Government Printer, 2000.         [ Links ]

23. Rule S, Lorenzo T, Wolmarans M. Community based rehabilitation: new challenges. In: Watermeyer B, Swartz L, Lorenzo T, Schneider M, Priestley M, editors. Disability and social change: A South African agenda. Cape Town: HSRC, 2006; Chapter 22.         [ Links ]

24. Cornielje H. A local disability movement as part of a Community Based Rehabilitation programme. In: Flinkenflügel H, editor. The handicapped community. Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1993.         [ Links ]

25. Miles S. Engaging with the Disability Rights Movement: the experience of community-based rehabilitation in southern Africa. Disability and Society, 1996; 11(4): 501-517.         [ Links ]

26. Dyantyi R, Frater W. Local economic development in Khayelitsha. SALRU, UCT: Department of Constitutional Development, 2004.         [ Links ]

27. Barnes C, Mercer G, editors. Implementing the social model of disability: Theory and research. Leeds: The Disability Press, 2004.         [ Links ]

28. Oliver M. Changing the social relations of research production. Disability, handicap and Society 1992; 7 (2): 101-114.         [ Links ]

29. Oliver M. Emancipatory research: realistic goal or impossible dream? In: Barnes C, Mercer G, editors. Doing Disability Research. Leeds: The Disability Press, 1997; 15-31.         [ Links ]

30. Hope A, Timmel S. Training for Transformation: A Handbook for Community Workers. Revised edition. Zimbabwe: Mambo Press, 1995.         [ Links ]

31. Reason P, editor. Participation in Human Inquiry. London: Sage Publications, 1994.         [ Links ]

32. De Koning K, Martin M, editors. Participatory Research in Health: Issues and Experience. Johannesburg: NPPHCN. London and New Jersey: Zed Books Ltd, 1996.         [ Links ]

33. Willms DG. You start your research on your being. In: Smith SE, Willms DG, Johnson NA, editors. Nurtured by knowledge: Learning to do Participatory Action-Research. New Jersey: Apex, 1997.         [ Links ]

34. Stone E. From the research notes of a foreign devil: disability research in China. In: Barnes C, Mercer G, editors. Doing Disability Research. Leeds: The Disability Press, 1997.         [ Links ]

35. De Vos AS. Research at Grass Roots. 2nd ed. Van Schaik Publishers: Pretoria, 2002.         [ Links ]

36. Barnett L, Abbot F. District Action Research and Education. London: MacMillan, 1994        [ Links ]

37. Marshall C, Rossman GB. Designing Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications, 1995.         [ Links ]

38. Taylor J, Marais D, Heyns S. Community participation and financial sustainability. Action Learning Series - case studies and lessons from development practice. Cape Town: Juta, 1998.         [ Links ]

39. Clandinin DJ, Connelly FM. Narrative inquiry: Experience and story in qualitative research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 2000.         [ Links ]

40. Morgan G. Imaginization: the art of creative management. Newbury Park, London, New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1993.         [ Links ]

41. Hudson T. Signposts to spirituality: Towards a closer walk with God. Cape Town: Struik Christian Books, 1995.         [ Links ]

42. Polit DF Hungler BP Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization. 4th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1997.         [ Links ]

43. Meulenberg-Buskens E. Leadership and Facilitation in Participatory Research and Action. MRC, Cape Town: Research for the Future. August, 1999.         [ Links ]

44. Kreftig L. "Rigor in Qualitative Research: The Assessment of trustworthiness". American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1991 ; (45): 214 - 222.         [ Links ]

45. Hagey R. The use and abuse of participatory action research. Chronic diseases in Africa, 1997; 18 (1): 1-4. Accessed on http://www.phacaspc.gc.ca/publicat/cdic-mcc/l8-l/a_e.html        [ Links ]

46. Morse JM. Designing funded qualitative research. In: Denzin NK, Lincoln YS, editors. Strategies of qualitative inquiry. Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1998; 56-85.         [ Links ]

47. Thomas C. Female forms: experiencing and understanding disability. Buckingham and Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1998.         [ Links ]

48. Holloway I. Basic concepts for qualitative research. Australia: Blackwell Science, 1997.         [ Links ]

49. Van Niekerk L, Lorenzo T, Mdlokolo P. Understanding partnerships in developing disabled entrepreneurs through Participatory Action Research. Disability and Rehabilitation, 2006; 28 (5): 323-331.         [ Links ]

50. Lorenzo T, Van Niekerk L, Mdlokolo P. Economic empowerment and Black Disabled Entrepreneurs: Negotiating Partnerships in Cape Town, South Africa. Disability and Rehabilitation, 2007; 29 (5): 429-436.         [ Links ]

51. Bauman Z, Tester K. Conversations with Zygmunt Bauman. Cambridge: Polity, 2001.         [ Links ]

52. Broodryk J. Ubuntu: Life lessons from Africa. Pretoria: Ubuntu School of Philosophy, 2002.         [ Links ]

53. Rubin HJ, Rubin IS. Qualitative interviewing: the art of hearing data. London: Sage Publications, 1995        [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Theresa.Lorenzo@uct.ac.za

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License