SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.38 issue1Discovering the barriers that stop children with disabilities from being children: The impact of lack of access to mobility devices - a human rights perspectiveThe right to respect for autonomy: Part 1 - What is autonomy all about? author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

On-line version ISSN 0038-2337

S. Afr. j. occup. ther. vol.38 n.1 Pretoria  2008

 

 

 

CBR students' understanding of the oppression of people with disabilities

 

 

Sarah Rule

(BA Sp&H Th); Director: CREATE

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

According to the social model of disability, there are clear links between the barriers that people with disabilities experience and their oppression by able-bodied people. Community based rehabilitation students have been taught to work from a social model perspective of disability. Through action research, this study investigated how community based rehabilitation students understand the oppression of people with disabilities. Following an initial phase of interviews with past students, changes were implemented in the CBR course. Subsequent interviews with students demonstrated that they have a greater understanding of the complexities of the oppression of people with disabilities than past students. Recommendations are made to link training on the oppression of people with disabilities to a human rights approach to disability.

Key words: community based rehabilitation, oppression, social model of disability, action research, community rehabilitation facilitators


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

References

1. ILO, UNESCO, WHO. CBR A Strategy for Rehabilitation, Equalization of Opportunities, Poverty Reduction and Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities. Joint Position Paper. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004.         [ Links ]

2. Helander E, Mendis P, Nelson G, Goerdt A. Training in the community for people with disabilities. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 1989.         [ Links ]

3. Jaffer R Jaffer R. The WHO-CBR Approach: Programme or Ideology - Some Lessons for the CBR Experience in Punjab, Pakistan. In: Thorburn MJ, Marfo K, editors. Practical Approaches to Childhood Disability in Developing Countries. Tampa: Global Age Publishing, 1994: 321-40.         [ Links ]

4. Nordholm L, Lundgren-Lindquist B. Community-based rehabilitation in Moshupa village, Botswana. Disability and Rehabilitation 1999; 21: 515-21.         [ Links ]

5. Valdez LS, Mitchell RA. Community-based rehabilitation: a development programme in Negros Occidental. Disability and Rehabilitation 1999; 21: 495-500.         [ Links ]

6. Lang R. Empowerment and CBR? Issues Raised by the South Indian Experience. In: Stone E, editor. Disability and Development: Learning from action and research on disability in the majority world. Leeds: The Disability Press, 1999: 130-148.         [ Links ]

7. Lang R. The Role of NGOs in the Process of Empowerment and Social Transformation of People with Disabilities. In: Thomas M, Thomas M, editors. Selected Readings in Community Based Rehabilitation. Bangalore: Occasional Publication of the Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 2000: 1-20.         [ Links ]

8. Barton L. Disability, difference and the politics of definition. Australian Disability Review 1994;3: 8-22.         [ Links ]

9. Marks D. Models of disability. Disability and Rehabilitation 1997; 19(3): 85-91.         [ Links ]

10. Walmsley J. Normalisation, Emancipatory Research and Inclusive Research in Learning Disability. Disability and Society 2001 ; 16(2): 187-205.         [ Links ]

11. Barnes C, Mercer G. Disability. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2003.         [ Links ]

12. Watson N. The Dialectics of Disability: a social model for the 21st Century? In: Barnes C, Mercer G, editors. Implementing the Social Model of Disability: Theory and Research. Leeds: The Disability Press, 2004: 101-117.         [ Links ]

13. Hardiman R, Jackson B. Oppression: Conceptual & Developmental Analysis. In: Adams M, Brigham P, Dalpes P, Marchesani L, editors. Diversity and Oppression: Conceptual Frameworks. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1994: 1-6.         [ Links ]

14. Thompson N. Promoting Equality. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998.         [ Links ]

15. Young IM. Five Faces of Oppression. In: Adams M, Brigham P, Dalpes P, Marchesani L, editors. Diversity and Oppression: Conceptual Frameworks. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company 1994: 35-49.         [ Links ]

16. Northway R. Disability and oppression: some implications for nurses and nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 1997;26: 736-43.         [ Links ]

17. Hart E, Bond M. Action Research for Health and Social Care: A guide to practice. Buckingham: Open University Press, 1995.         [ Links ]

18. Kemmis S, Wilkinson M. Participatory Action Research and the Study of Practice. In: Atweh B, Kemmis S, Weeks P, editors. Action Research in Practice. London: Routledge, 1998: 21-36.         [ Links ]

19. Rose R Grosvenor I. Action Research. In: Rose R Grosvenor I, editors. Doing Research in Special Education. London: David Fulton Publishers, 2001: 13-17.         [ Links ]

20. Harro B. The Cycle of Socialization. In: Adams M, Brigham P, Dalpes P, Marchesani L, editors. Diversity and Oppression: Conceptual Frameworks. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1994: 15-21.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
create3@telkomsa.net