SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.44 número2The Confession of Belhar and ecumenism against the backdrop of the Three Forms of UnityA practical-theoretical perspective on the act of making ecclesiastical resolutions: Theory for praxis índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


In die Skriflig

versão On-line ISSN 1018-6441

In Skriflig (Online) vol.44 no.2 Cape Town Jan. 2010

 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

Luther's moral synthesis: Occamism, Christian mysticism and the idea of being

 

Luther se morele sintese: Okkamisme, Christelike mistiek en die idee van syn

 

 

A. Raath

Department of Constitutional Law & Philosophy of Law, University of the Free State, BLOEMFONTEIN. E-mail: raathA.RD@ufs.ac.za

 

 


ABSTRACT

To Luther human beings can only come to true redemptive knowledge through the Word and through faith. Although philosophical knowledge in the domain of man's earthly existence cannot provide him with true knowledge in matters of faith, such knowledge is of much importance for man's earthly existence from a moral point of view. By submitting to universal being even unbelievers can gain valuable insights into moral matters. Such moral insights are important for making human co-existence possible in society. Within the broad context of Luther's Occamist views on knowledge, both German mysticism and the Stoic-Ciceronian idea of being contribute towards a synthesis from which Luther's views on morals in matters of faith and philosophy respectively emanate.

Key concepts: Cicero, idea of being, Luther, mysticism


OPSOMMING

Vir Luther kan die mens slegs tot ware verlossende kennis kom deur die Woord en geloof. Alhoewel filosofiese kennis op die terrein van die mens se aardse bestaan hom nie in staat stel om tot ware kennis in aangeleenthede betreffende die geloof te kom nie, is sodanige kennis vanuit 'n morele oogpunt beskou van groot belang. Deur die agting vir universele syn kan selfs ongelowiges waardevolle insigte in morele aangeleenthede verwerf. Sodanige morele insigte is belangrik vir die menslike saambestaan in die samelewing. Binne die breë konteks van Ockham se standpunte oor kennis, lewer sowel die Duitse mistiek as die Stoisyns-Ciceroniaanse idee van syn 'n bydrae tot 'n sintese in Luther se morele en filosofiese denke.

Kernbegrippe: Cicero, idee van syn, Luther, mistisisme


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

List of references

AQUINAS, T. 1997. (ST) Summa Theologica. (In Schaff, P., ed. Mater Christian Library: the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. First Series, Vol. 2. Trans. by M. Dods. Albany: Books for the Ages.         [ Links ])

BERNHART, J. 1966. Die Philosophische Mystik des Mittelalters. München: Reinhardt.         [ Links ]

BUNSEN, C. 1854 Letter. http://www.ccel.org/print/anonymous/theologia/iv Date of access: 28 Jan. 2009.         [ Links ]

FRANKFURTER. 1854. Old German theology. Trans. Mrs. Malcolm. London: Hall & Virue.         [ Links ]

FRANKFURTER. 1874. Theologia Germanica. Trans. S. Winkworth. London: Macmillan.         [ Links ]

FRANKFURTER. 1901. Theologia Germanica. Trans. S. Winkworth. London: Macmillan.         [ Links ]

FRANKFURTER. 1949. Theologia Germanica. Trans. W.R. Trask. New York: Pantheon.         [ Links ]

FRANKFURTER. 1980. The Theologia Germanica. Trans. B. Hoffman. London: SPCK.         [ Links ]

HÄGGLUND, B. 1955. Theologie und Philosophie bei Luther und in der Occamistischen Tradition. Lund: Gleerup.         [ Links ]

HARKNESS, G. 1942. Nothing burneth in hell but self-will. The Christian century, 59(7):216-218.         [ Links ]

HOFFMAN, B.R. 1974. Luther and the mystical. Lutheran quarterly, 26(3):316-329.         [ Links ]

HOFFMAN, B.R. 1975. On the relationship between mystical faith and moral life in Luther's thought. Bulletin, Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, 55(1):21-35.         [ Links ]

HOFFMAN, B.R 1976. Luther and the mystics: a re-examination of Luther's spiritual experience and his relationship to the mystics. Minneapolis: Augsburg.         [ Links ]

HOFMANN, G., ed. 1961. Johannes Taulers Predigten. Freiburg: Herder.         [ Links ]

JOHNSON, W.C. 1985. "Three Godly witnesses": depictions of the trinity in the works of Hendrik Niclaes and the Theologia Germanica. Mennonite quarterly review, 59(1):24-41.         [ Links ]

JOHNSON, W.C. 1988. The mystical tradition of the Homo Deificatus in the theology of the family of love and the Theologia Germanica, 1(2):1-24.         [ Links ]

LAZARETH, W.H. 1966. Luther on civil righteousness and natural law. (In Asheim, I., Hrsg. Kirche, Mystik, Heiligung und das Natürliche bei Luther. Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht. p. 180-188.         [ Links ])

LUTHER, M. 1883-1987. Werke: kritische Gesamtausgabe. 78 Bde. Weimar: Hermann Böhlaus Nachfolger.         [ Links ]

LUTHER, M. 1958-1967. Works. 55 vols. Eds. J. Pelikan (vols. 1-30) & H. Lehmann (vols. 31-55). Philadelphia: Concordia. LW see LUTHER, M. 1958-1967        [ Links ]

OTTO, R. 1975. The idea of the holy: an inquiry into the non-rational factor in die idea of the divine and its relation to the rational. Trans. J.W. Harvey. London: Oxford University Press. TG see FRANKFURTER        [ Links ]

TINSLEY, E.J. 1952. The Theologia Germanica: the nature of Christian mysticism. The church quarterly review, 304:84-88. WA see LUTHER, M. 1883-1987        [ Links ]

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License