SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.43 issue2Taking responsibility for reconciliation: A Christian response to the legacy and challenges of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)Reviews author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


In die Skriflig

On-line version ISSN 2305-0853
Print version ISSN 1018-6441

In Skriflig (Online) vol.43 n.2 Pretoria Jan. 2009




Tithing: An evaluation of the Biblical background


Die gee van tiendes: 'n Evaluering van die Bybelse agtergrond



L. Moretsi

School of Biblical Sciences & Ancient Languages, Potchefstroom Campus. North-West University. Potchefstroom. E-mail:




Tithe was practised in the Old Testament, but the New Testament emphasises the attitude of the giver. Giving money is about relationships and goodwill. It is important that church members value their churches and commit themselves as constant givers. Tithing can be traced throughout the Old Testament to the New Testament (cf. Heb.). This article will begin with an introduction that offers the practical situation that compelled the institution of the tithe, followed by the Biblical background of tithing and an explanation of the goods or produce that was subject to the tithe. This will be followed by an investigation of the Old Testament perspective on tithing, including a consideration of the first fruits, the offering and the theological implications. Subsequent to this, the New Testament perspectives will receive attention. The NIV translation will be used as it is accepted as a good and reliable translation.


Die Ou Testament beklemtoon die gee van tiendes, maar die Nuwe Testament beklemtoon eerder die houding van die gewer. Die gee van geld gaan oor verhoudings en toegeneëntheid. Dit is belangrik dat lidmate begaan moet wees oor hulle kerke en dat hulle gereelde bydraers moet word. Spore van die gee van tiendes word telkens in die Ou Testament en ook in die Nuwe Testament gevind (vgl. Heb.). Hierdie artikel begin met 'n inleiding wat die praktiese situasie verduidelik, gevolg deur 'n Bybelse agtergrond en 'n verduideliking van die Produkte onderworpe aan tiendes. Dit word verder gevolg deur 'n ondersoek aangaande die Ou-Testamentiese siening oor tiendes. Dit sluit in die eerste vrugte of die eerstelinge van die oes, die offers en die teologiese implikasie daarvan. Hierna kry die Nuwe-Testamentiese perspektiewe ook aandag. Die NIV-vertaling word hier gebruik, aangesien dit as 'n goeie en 'n be-troubare vertaling aanvaar word.



“Full text available only in PDF format”



List of references

ACHTEMEIER, E. 1986. Interpretation: a Bible commentary for teaching and preaching: Nahum-Malachi. Atlanta: Knox.         [ Links ]

AVERBECK, R.E. 1997b. Terumar. (In Vangemeren, W.A. New International Dictionary of the Old Testament Theology and Exegesis. Vol. 4. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. p. 335-338.         [ Links ])

BIBLE. 1988. Life application study Bible. King James version. Wheaton: Tyndale.         [ Links ]

BIBLE. 1989. Life application study Bible. New international version. Wheaton: Tyndale.         [ Links ]

BLOMBERG, C.L. 1992. The new American commentary: an exegetical and theological exposition of Holy Scripture. NIV text. Vol. 22: Matthew. Nashville: Broadman.         [ Links ]

CARPENTER, E.E. 1988. Tithe. (In Bromiley, G.W. The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. Vol. 4: Q-Z. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. p. 861-864.         [ Links ])

COETZEE, P.J. 1992. Gee u ook u oorskiet aan die Here? Die Kerkblad: 26-27, 11 Maart.         [ Links ]

COLE, R.D. 2000. The new American commentary: an exegetical and theological exposition of Holy Scripture. Vol. 3B: Numbers. Nashville: Broadman & Holman.         [ Links ]

DE VAUX, R. 1961. Ancient Israel: its life and institution. Norwich: Fletcher.         [ Links ]

FEINBERG C.L. 1977. Tithe. (In Tenney, M.C. The Zondervan pictorial encyclopaedia of the Bible. Vol. 5: Q-Z. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. p. 756-758).         [ Links ]

FOURIE, B.C.G. 1996. My kerklike bydrae. Die Kerkblad: 20-21, 25, 12 Jun.         [ Links ]

GARLAND, D.E. 1999. The new American commentary: a exegetical and theological exposition of Holy Scripture. Vol. 29: 2 Corinthians. Nashville: Broadman & Holman.         [ Links ]

GRISSEN, L.V. 1992. First-fruits: managing the master's money. Orlando Park: Barnabas Foundation.         [ Links ]

HAGNER, D.A. 1995. Word Biblical commentary: Matthew 14-28. Texas: Word Books.         [ Links ]

HAWTHORNE, G.F. 1978. Tithe. (In Brown, C. The New International Dictionary of the New Testament Theology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. p. 851-855.         [ Links ])

JOHNSON, D.W. 1984. The tithe: challenge or legalism? Nashville: Abingdon. (Creative leadership series.         [ Links ])

LANE, W.L. 1991. Word Biblical commentary: Hebrews 1-8. Texas: Word Books.         [ Links ]

LAW, T.M. 2007. The forgotten function of the temple in Ancient Israel. The expository times, 119(3): 138-139.         [ Links ]

LEKALAKALA. M.J. 2002. Synod Midlands: reformation or deformation? A battle for survival. Makolokwe: Lekalakala.         [ Links ]

MAKWAKWA, B.W. 1997. Giving to God is the best investment. Pretoria: State Library.         [ Links ]

RICHARDS, L.O. 1985. Expository dictionary of Bible words. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.         [ Links ]

ROOKER, M.F. 2000. The new American commentary: an exegetical and theological exposition of Holy Scripture. Vol. 3A: Leviticus. Nashville: Broadman & Holman.         [ Links ]

SCHULLER, E.M. 1996. The Book of Malachi: introduction, commentary and reflection. (In Keck L.E. The new interpreter's Bible: a commentary on twelve volumes. Vol. 7. Nashville: Abingdon. p. 869-870.         [ Links ])

SEHLING E. 1953. Tithes. (In Jackson, S.M. The new Schaff Herzog encyclopaedia of religious knowledge. Vol. 11. Grand Rapids: Baker. p. 435-456.         [ Links ])

SMITH L.R. 2006 Tithing is unscriptural under the new covenant. Date of access: 24 Oct. 2008.         [ Links ]

SMITH, R.L. 1984. Word Biblical commentary. Vol. 32: Micah-Malachi. Texas: Word Books.         [ Links ]

SPRAGUE, R.I.N. 2002. The money is in the mantle: the economic alliance of prophets, priests and kings. Durban: Kairos.         [ Links ]

STEIN, R.H. 1992. The new American commentary: an exegetical and theological exposition of Holy Scripture NIV Text. Vol. 24: Luke. Nashville: Broadman.         [ Links ]

TATE, M.E. 2001. Tithing: legalism or benchmark? Review and expositor, 70(2):153-161.         [ Links ]

TAYLOR, R.A. & CLENDENEN, E.R. 2004. The new American commentary: an exegetical and theological exposition of Holy Scripture: Haggai, Malachi. Nashville: Broadman & Holman.         [ Links ]

VAN RENSBURG, R.D. 2002. Tithe and offering in the South African context: The Bible and reality. Zululand: University of Zululand.         [ Links ]

VENTER, A.A. 1956. Die tiendes. (In GKSA. Almanak van Gereformeerde Kerk in S.A. Potchefstroom: Administratiewe Buro. p. 121-134.         [ Links ])

WILSON J.C. 1992. Tithe. (In Freedman, D.N. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Vol. 4: K-N. New York: Doubleday Dell. p. 578-580.         [ Links ])

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License