SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.43 issue1 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


In die Skriflig

On-line version ISSN 2305-0853
Print version ISSN 1018-6441

In Skriflig (Online) vol.43 n.1 Pretoria Jan. 2009




The 1960s - long hair, flowers and morality mash: Ethical appraisal of the clash that helped shape today's Western society


Die sestigerjare - lang hare, blomme en 'n moraliteitsmengsel: Etiese beoordeling van die "botsing" wat die teenswoordige Westerse samelewing help vorm het



H.J.G. Zandman

School of Ecclesiastical Science, Potchefstroom Campus. North-West University. Potchefstroom. E-mail:




The 1960s will be remembered as a major clash that helped shape today's Western society. Young people were breaking out of the moulds that had been cast by their parents' post-war era. The conflict brought about significant social change all over Western society. Western man searched frantically for a new world, willing to risk the hardship of revolution.
In a world full of confusing and conflicting approaches in terms of how to view man, the Bible has the clear answer: man is created in the image of God, and is, in this capacity, God's vice-regent and image-bearer. However, the Christian church is by-and-large remarkably indecisive as the social conscience of Western society.
The main thrust of the sixties was anti-status quo, anti-establishment, anti-materialist. In the process of man's self-determination on either side of the conflict, great erosion of man's greatest gift occurred: ethical distinction. The spiritual vacuum created by anti-establishment forces led to confusion and self-destruction.


Die sestigerjare sal onthou word as 'n belangrike tyd van konflik wat vandag se Westerse samelewing help vorm het. Jongmense het uitgebreek uit die streng vorms wat tydens hulle ouers se na-oorlogse era gegiet is. Die konflik het beduidende sosiale veranderings oral in die Westerse samelewing veroorsaak. Die Westerse individu het desperaat gesoek na 'n nuwe wêreld, gewillig om die risiko van swaarkry wat revolusie meebring, te neem.
In 'n wêreld gevul met verwarrende en teenstrydige benaderings van hoe die mens gesien moet word, het die Bybel 'n duidelike antwoord: die mens is geskape na die beeld van God, en is in hierdie kapasiteit God se verteenwoordiger en beelddraer. Die Christelike kerk is egter oor die algemeen merkwaardig besluiteloos wanneer dit moet optree as die gewete van die Westerse wêreld.
Die hoofrigting van die sestigerjare was anti-status quo, anti-instelling en antimaterialisties. In die proses van die mens se selfbeskikking aan albei kante van die konflik het 'n erosie van die mense se grootste gawe plaasgevind: etiese onderskeid. Die spirituele vakuum wat deur die anti-instellingsgesindheid tot stand gebring is, het verwarring en selfdestruksie meegebring.



“Full text available only in PDF format”



List of references

ANON. 2004a. Perfect breasts. Prime Television New Zealand. Broadcast on Wednesday 11 Feb. 2004.         [ Links ]

ANON. 2004b. Saint Augustine quotes. Date of access: 25 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

ANON. 2004c. That'll teach them. Television New Zealand, Channel 1. 25 Feb./3 March 2004.         [ Links ]

CANBY, V. 1993 Review/film: last action hero: a hero within and without. The New York Times. %20ACTION%20HERO%20%28MOVIE%29&reviewer=Vincent%20Canby& v_id=28280&partner=Rotten%20Tomatoes Date of access: 11 Feb. 2004.         [ Links ]

CATCHPOOLE, D. 2000. Ex Nihilo. 22(1):16-17.         [ Links ]

COOK, B.A. 2001. Europe since 1945: an encyclopedia. New York: Garland.         [ Links ]

DYLAN, B. 1989. Political world. Columbia records: special rider music. Date of access: 11 Feb. 2004.         [ Links ]

ESAAK, S. 2008. The non-art movement (1916-1923). Date of access: 13 Sept. 2008.         [ Links ]

KIMBRELL, A. 1993. The human body shop. London: Harper Collins.         [ Links ]

LENNON, J. & MCCARTNEY, P. 1967. With a little help from my friends: Northern songs. Date of access: 17 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

LIBAW, O. 2002. Flower staying power: hippies hang on to their counter-cultural groove. Date of access: 13 Sept. 2008.         [ Links ]

MCCLURE, H. 2003. Death by entertainment. Hemet: Jeremiah Films.         [ Links ]

MCGUIRE, B. 1965. Eve of destruction: Ontario coalition against poverty. Date of access: 17 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. 2002. New Zealand curriculum framework: eight essential skills. Date of access: 7 Dec. 2003.         [ Links ]

PAPALIA, D.E. & WENDKOS OLDS, S. 1992. Human development. New York: McGraw-Hill.         [ Links ]

PHILLIPS, J. 1967. San Francisco (Be sure to wear some flowers in your hair). Date of access: 8 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

POSTMAN, N. 1995. The end of education. New York: Random House.         [ Links ]

RIESMAN, D. 1950. The lonely crowd: a study of the changing American character. New Haven: Yale University Press.         [ Links ]

ROOKMAKER, H.R. 1994. Modern art and the death of a culture. Wheaton: Crossway Books.         [ Links ]

RUSHDOONY, R.J. 1961. Intellectual schizophrenia. Phillipsburg: Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing.         [ Links ]

SCHAEFFER, F. 1977a. The age of personal peace and affluence. Muskegon: Gospel Communications International.         [ Links ]

SCHAEFFER, F. 1977b. The final choices. Muskegon: Gospel Communications International.         [ Links ]

SCHLEVOGT, K.A. 2002. European business forum. London: Caspian.         [ Links ]

SMITH, C. & MATRISCIANA, C. 1999. Pagan invasion. Vol. 2: Invasion of the Godmen. Date of access: 15 Dec. 2003.         [ Links ]

STEVENS, C. 2001. Father & son: IIM Power records. Date of access: 16 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

SULLIVAN, D. 2005. Sex is still a top search term: searchenginewatch. Date of access: 12 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

VAN TIL, C. 1972. Common grace & the gospel. Phillipsburg: Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing.         [ Links ]

VOETEN, T. 1990. Dutch provos: high times. Date of access: 19 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

VON GOETHE, J.W. 1749-1832. Der Zauberlehrling. Date of access: 21 Jan. 2004.         [ Links ]

WALTON, R. 1990. Biblical solutions to contemporary problems. Arlington Heights: Christian Liberty Press.         [ Links ]

WEEKS, N. 2007. Reflected light: essays in Christian social policy. Sydney: Noel Weeks & Peter Barnes.         [ Links ]

WHITE, T. 2001. The voice of martyrs: extreme devotion. Nashville: W Publishing Group.         [ Links ]

WOOD, M. 2005. Shagri-La. Date of access: 15 Sept. 2008.         [ Links ]

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License