SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.43 número1Mysterium tremendum et fascinons: Liturgical perspectives on the approach to GodThe 1960s - long hair, flowers and morality mash: Ethical appraisal of the clash that helped shape today's Western society índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


In die Skriflig

versión On-line ISSN 1018-6441

In Skriflig (Online) vol.43 no.1 Cape Town ene. 2009

 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

God's gifts to humankind: A legal-philosophical interpretation of Luther's views on ownership and the natural right to property

 

God se geskenke aan die mensdom: 'n Regsfilosofiese interpretasie van Luther se standpunte oor eienaarskap en die natuurlike reg op eiendom

 

 

A.W.G. Raath

Department of Constitutional Law & Philosophy of Law, University of the Free State. Bloemfontein. E-mail: raathA.RD@ufs.ac.za

 

 


ABSTRACT

The collapse of the medieval political and social order, the rise of the nation state and the emergent absolutism of civil rulers, meant that the early Reformers had to make a clearer demarcation between the natural right to private property and the moral conditions giving rise to such a right, and a clearer delineation of the duties of civil authorities in dealing with private property in civil society. Luther's view that natural right presupposes the existence of moral duty and is intricately connected with the moral uprightness of the owner's activities, produces a number of important perspectives still relevant for the debate concerning the natural rights of individuals to own property and to have the sphere of liberty attached to this right adequately protected.


OPSOMMING

Die verval van die Middeleeuse politieke en sosiale orde, die verskyning van die nasiestaat en die opkoms van burgerlike regeerders, het die vroeë Reformatore genoodsaak om 'n dui-deliker afbakening tussen die natuurlike reg op private eiendom en die morele voorwaardes wat tot sodanige reg aanleiding gee, te tref in hulle oorweging van die rol van private eiendom in die burgerlike samelewing. Luther se siening dat fundamentele regte die bestaan van morele plig veronderstel en nóú verbind is met die moreel-regskape aard van die eienaar se handelinge, het n aantal belangrike perspektiewe opgelewer wat steeds relevant is vir die huidige debat met betrekking tot die fundamentele regte van individue om eiendom te besit en om die vryheidsfeer wat aan hierdie reg verbonde is, voldoende te beskerm.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

List of references

ALTHAUS, P. 1972. The ethics of Martin Luther. Transl. by Robert C. Schultz. Philadelphia: Fortress.         [ Links ]

AMBROSE. 1997. [DO] De Officiis (On the duties of the clergy). (In Schaff, P., ed. Master Christian library: the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Series 2. Transl. by H. de Romestin & H.T.F. Duckworth. Albany: Books for the Ages.         [ Links ])

AQUINAS, T. 1997. Summa theologica. (In Schaff, P., ed. Master Christian library: the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Series 1. Transl. by M. Dods. Albany: Books for the Ages.         [ Links ])

ARISTOTLE. 1979. The Politics. Transl. by T.A. Sinclair. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.         [ Links ]

CALVIN, J. 1834. [CO] Corpus Reformatorum. Series 2: Ionnnis Calvini, Opera Quae Supersunt Omnia, vols. 29-87. Halle: Schwetschke. ([CO] 1: [I] Institutio, 1536-1554; [CO] 29: [SD5] Sermons Deuteronome, pars. 5, cap. 32 ad 34; [HS] Homiliae 1 Sam., cap. 1 ad 12; [CO] 40: [PE] Praelectiones Ezechielis, cap. 1 ad 20; [PD1] Praelectiones Danielem, cap. 1 ad 5.         [ Links ])

CARLYLE, A.J. 1913. The theory of property in medieval theory: property: its duties and rights historically, philosophically and religiously regarded. London: Macmillan.         [ Links ]

CHRYSOSTOM. 1997. [HM] Homilies on Matthew. (In Schaff, P. Master Christian library: the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Series 1, vol. 10. Albany: Books for the ages.         [ Links ])

CICERO, M. 1948. [DR] De re publica & [DL] De legibus. Transl. by C.W. Keyes. London: Heinemann.         [ Links ]

CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA. 1997. [S]. Stromata. (In Schaff, P., ed. Master Christian library: the Ante-Nicene Fathers. Vol. 2. Transl. by A. Roberts & J. Donaldson. Albany: Books for the ages.         [ Links ])

LACTANTIUS. 1997. [DI] Divine institues. (In Schaff, P., ed. Master Christian library: The Ante-Nicene Fathers. Series 1, vol. 7. Transl. by A. Roberts & J. Donaldson. Albany: Books for the ages.         [ Links ])

LUNDEEN, J.W. 1999 (c1986). Luther's works. Vol. 55: Index. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.         [ Links ]

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1955).         [ Links ] [SP (I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 12: Selected Psalms 1 (1532). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1956).         [ Links ] [SMM]: Luther's Works. Vol. 21: The sermon on the mount and the magnificat. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1957).         [ Links ] [SJ (I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 22: Sermons on the gospel of St. John: chapters 1-4 (1514). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1958).         [ Links ] [LG]: Luther's Works. Vol. 1: Lectures on Genesis: chapters 1-5. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (1958).         [ Links ] [SP (III)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 14: Selected Psalms 3. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1959).         [ Links ] [S(I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 51: Sermons 1. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1959).         [ Links ] [SJ (II)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 23: Sermons on the gospel of St. John: chapters 6-8. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1960).         [ Links ] [CR(IV)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 34: Career of the reformer 4. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([EGA] Exhortation to all clergy assembled at Augsburg (1530), 3-61.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1960).         [ Links ] [LD]: Luther's Works. Vol. 9: Lectures on Deuteronomy. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1960).         [ Links ] [W&S(I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 35: Word and sacrament 1. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([BSBC] The blessed sacrament of the holy and true body of Christ, and the brotherhoods (1519); [CRM] How Christians should regard Moses (1525), 153-174.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1962).         [ Links ] [CS(II)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 45: The Christian in society 2. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([TA] Temporal authority: to what extent it should be obeyed (1523), 74-131; [T&U] Trade and usury (1524), 231-311.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1963).         [ Links ] [L(I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 48: Letters 1. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1964).         [ Links ] [LG]: Luther's Works. Vol. 4: Lectures on Genesis: chapters 21-25 (1539). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1964).         [ Links ] [LGS (II)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 27: Lectures on Galatians, chapters 5-6 (1535); Chapters 1-6. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1965).         [ Links ] [LG]: Luther's Works. Vol. 7: Lectures on Genesis: chapters 38-44 (c. 1543). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1966).         [ Links ] [CS(I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 44: The Christian in society 1. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([CnGn] To the Christian nobility of the German nation concerning the reform of the Christian estate (1520), 114-219.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1966).         [ Links ] [LG]: Luther's Works. Vol. 8: Lectures on Genesis: chapters 45-50 (1545). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1967).         [ Links ] [CE]: Luther's Works. Vol. 30: The Catholic epistles. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1967).         [ Links ] [CS(III)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 46: The Christian in society 3. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([AP] Admonition to peace a reply to the twelve articles of the peasants in Swabia (1525), 1-43.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1967).         [ Links ] [TT]: Luther's Works. Vol. 54: Table talk. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1968).         [ Links ] [LG]: Luther's Works. Vol. 5: Lectures on Genesis: chapters 26-30 (1541). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1970).         [ Links ] [C&M(I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 39: Church and ministry 1. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([SOB] A sermon on the ban (1520), 3-23; [DCM] A discussion on how confession should be made (1520), 23-47.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1970).         [ Links ] [C&M(II)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 40: Church and ministry 2. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([IPP] Instructions for the visitors of parish pastors in electoral saxony (1528), 262-320.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1970).         [ Links ] [LG]: Luther's Works. Vol. 6: Lectures on Genesis: chapters 31-37 (1542 et seq). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1971).         [ Links ] [CS(IV)]: Luther's Works Vol. 47: The Christian in society 4. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress. ([OJ] On the Jews and their lies (1543), 119-305.)

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1972).         [ Links ] [ESL & S]: Luther's Works. Vol. 15: Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, last words of David, 2 Samuel 23:1-7. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1972).         [ Links ] [L(II)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 49: Letters 2. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1972).         [ Links ] [LR]: Luther's Works. Vol. 25: Lectures on Romans (1535). Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1973).         [ Links ] [C&T]: Luther's Works. Vol. 28: 1 Corinthians 15, Lectures on 1 Timothy. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1973).         [ Links ] [LMP (III)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 20: Minor prophets 3: Zechariah. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1974).         [ Links ] [LMP (II)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 19: Minor prophets 2: Jonah and Habakuk. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1974).         [ Links ] [S(II)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 52: Sermons 2. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Fortress.

LUTHER, M. 1999 (c1975).         [ Links ] [LMP (I)]: Luther's Works. Vol. 18: Minor prophets 1: Hosea-Malachi. Ed. by J.J. Pelikan, H.C. Oswald & H.T. Lehmann. Saint Louis: Concordia.

MELANCHTHON, P. 1952. [MW] Melanchthon Werke: [LC]. 2. Band, 1. Teil: Loci Communes, (1521). Ed. by H. Engeland. Gütersloh: Bertelsman.         [ Links ]

RAATH, A.W.G. 2006. The justness of love: the essence and status of justice in Luther's theology. Studia historiae ecclesisticae, 32(1):335-354.         [ Links ]

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License