SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.42 número4Keys for the application of the church orderProblems with the Bible in reformed theology: Reflections from a Christian philosophical perspective índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


In die Skriflig

versão On-line ISSN 2305-0853
versão impressa ISSN 1018-6441

In Skriflig (Online) vol.42 no.4 Cape Town Jan. 2008

 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

'n Teologies-etiese beoordeling van kinderarbeid in Suid-Afrika

 

A theological-ethical judgement of child labour in South Africa

 

 

E.J. de Beer

Skool vir Kerkwetenskappe, Potchefstroomkampus. Noordwes-Universiteit. Potchefstroom. E-pos: edmunddebeer@lantic.net

 

 


ABSTRACT

Kinderarbeid is wêreldwyd 'n probleem wat die afgelope drie dekades opnuut onder die soeklig gekom het. Alhoewel kinderarbeid in Suid-Afrika nie so 'n ernstige probleem is soos in sommige ander lande nie, vind hier ook onaanvaarbare vorms van kinderarbeid plaas. Die meeste kinderarbeiders word vanweë hulle sosio-ekonomiese omstandighede gedwing om ter wille van oorlewing te werk. Hulle word die geleentheid ontneem om goed opgevoed en opgelei te word sodat hulle as goedtoegeruste volwassenes werk kan verrig waarvoor hulle na behore vergoed sal word.
In hierdie artikel word kinderarbeid soos dit in Suid-Afrika voorkom, beoordeel. Die beoordeling vind plaas in die lig van 'n aantal teologies-etiese uitgangspunte oorkinders en arbeid. Hoewel die arbeidsopdrag universeel is (dus ook vir kinders geld), is dit logies dat kinders nie dieselfde arbeid as volwas-senes kan verrig nie. Kinders behoort eerder opgevoed en toegerus te word om hulle vermoëns sodanig te ontwikkel, dat hulle as volwasse werkers hulle vermoëns ten volle kan benut.


ABSTRACT

Throughout the world child labour is a problem which has been underespecially close scrutiny forthe past three decades. Although child labour is not such a serious problem in South Africa as is the case in some other countries, unacceptable forms of child labour also occur here. Socio-economic circumstances force most child labourers to work in order to survive. The result is that these children are deprived of a good education and training in order to occupy positions as adults in order to earn a living wage.
In this article child labour is judged as it occurs in South Africa. Child labour is judged in the light of theological-ethical utterances on children as well as on labour. Although the demand to labour is universal (and thus also applies to children), it is obvious that they cannot labour in the same way as adults. Children should rather be educated and equipped to develop their abilities in order to utilise it to the maximum as adult workers.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

Geraadpleegde bronne

AGRELL, G. 1976. Work, toil and sustenance. Verbum: Ohlssons.         [ Links ]

ANON. 1997. Child abuse and the impact of poverty. Agenda, 33:43-48.         [ Links ]

ANON. 2000a. Mother city "hosts regular child-sex tours". The Star : 1, 24 Aug.         [ Links ]

ANON. 2000b. Children of Africa still under labour yoke. The Star : 13, 9 Nov.         [ Links ]

ANON. 2002. Kinderarbeid. Beeld: 10, 7 Feb.         [ Links ]

AUERBACH, L. 1944. The Babylonian Talmud in selection. New York: Philosophical Library.         [ Links ]

BHENGU, C. 2000a. Child labour shame. Sowetan: 1, 17 Apr.         [ Links ]

BHENGU, C. 2000b. Child labour still rife in SA. Sowetan: 11, 22 Mar.         [ Links ]

BHENGU, C. 2000c. No immediate respite for child labourers. Sowetan: 13, 30 Mar.         [ Links ]

BHENGU, C. 2001. I'm tired of this life, says sex worker. Sowetan: 1, 28 Jun.         [ Links ]

BIENERT, W. 1956. Die Arbeit nach der Lehre der Bibel: ein Beitrag zur evangelischen Sozialethik. Stuttgart: Evangelisches Verlagswerk.         [ Links ]

BOTHA, A. 1992. SALU wil kinderwerk gewettig kry. Landbouweekblad, 22.         [ Links ]

DACHI, H.A. & GARRET, R.M. 2003. Child labour and its impact on children's access to and participation in primary education: a case study from Tanzania. http://www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/childlabouranditsimpactedpaper48.pdf Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

EDERSHEIM, A. 1988. Sketches of Jewish social life in the days of Christ. Grand Rapids: Edersheim.         [ Links ]

FYFE, A. 2007. The worldwide movement against child labour: progress and future directions. http://www.ilo.org/ipecinfo/product/viewProduct.do?productId=5168 Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

GALLI, R. 2001. The economic impact of child labour. Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies. http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inst/download/dp12801.pdf Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

GEORGALA, I. 1999. Staat met hande in hare oor vigs se gevolge. Beeld: 22, 1 Des.         [ Links ]

GOSLINGA, C.J. 1959. Samuel. Dl. 1. Kampen: Kok. (Korte verklaring der Heilige Schrift.         [ Links ])

HAGEMANN, F., DIALLO, Y., ETIENNE, A. & MEHRAN, F. 2006. Global child labour trends: 2000 to 2004. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/declaris/DECLARATIONWEB.DOWNLOAD_ BLOB?Var_DocumentID=6233 Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

ILO see INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION. 1973. C 138 Minimum Age Convention. http://www.ilolex.ilo.ch:1567/cgi-lex/convde.pl?c138 Date of access: 13 Aug. 2001.         [ Links ]

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION. 1999. C 182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention. http://www.ilolex.ilo.ch.1567/scripts/convde.pl?c182 Date of access: 1 Aug. 2001.         [ Links ]

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION. 2002. A future without child labour. http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/-ed_norm/-declaration/documents/publication/kd00130.pdf Date of access: 3 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

JOHANNES PAULUS II kyk JOHN PAUL II

JOHN PAUL II. 1981. Laborem exercens. http://www.newadvent.org/docs/jp021e.htm Date of access: 16 Oct. 2003.         [ Links ]

KAISER, W.C. 1991. Toward Old Testament ethics. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.         [ Links ]

KOOLE, J.L. 1964. De tien geboden. Baarn: Bosch & Keuning.         [ Links ]

LABUSCHAGNE, J.M.T. 1994. Opmerkinge oor die posisie van die kind in die inheemse reg. De jure, 27:341-350.         [ Links ]

MABASA, T. 2003. Child labour farmer is fined R12 000. The Citizen: 4, 5 Nov.         [ Links ]

MDLADLANA, M.M.S. 2002. Speech by the honorable Minister of Labour, Mr M.M.S. Mdladlana at the launch of the International Labour Organisation's Third Global Report on a future without child labour. http://www.polity.org.za/govdocs/speeches/2002/sp0506.html Date of access: 1 Jun. 2002.         [ Links ]

NORVAL, E.J.G. 1966. Arbeid: prinsipiële ondersoek van arbeid met 'n kritiese toespitsing op enkele aktuele hoofprobleme van die arbeidsetiek. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. (Ph.D.-proefskrif.         [ Links ])

ORGANISASIE VAN AFRIKA EENHEID kyk ORGANISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY

ORGANISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY. 1990. African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. http://www.africaninstitute.org/html/african_charter_on_the_rights.html Date of access: 1 Jun. 2002.         [ Links ]

ORKIN, F.M. 2000. Child labour in South Africa: tables. http://www.datafirst.uct.ac.za/resource/young/syp_tables.pdf Date of access: 21 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

PRINCE, L. & ARENDS, N. 2002. Plaas beboet in 1ste kinderarbeidsaak. Beeld: 2, 6 Feb.         [ Links ]

RADEBE, H. 2001. Blitz on illegals working on farms. The Citizen: 4, 20 Dec.         [ Links ]

SKWEYIYA, Z. 2007. SA: Skweyiya: providing services to orphans and vulnerable children progress. http://www.polity.org.za/article.php?a_id=120815 Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

SMITH, E.M. 1995. Children. (In Atkinson, D.J. & Field, D.H., eds. New dictionary of Christian ethics and pastoral theology. Leicester: InterVarsity. p. 225-226.         [ Links ])

SOUTH AFRICA. 1996a. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act, No. 108 of 1996. http://www.polity.org.za/govdocs/constitution/saconst.html Date of access: 13 Nov. 2001.         [ Links ]

SOUTH AFRICA. 1996b. South African Schools Act, No. 84 of 1996. http://www.polity.org.za/html/govdocs/legislation/1996/act96-084.html Date of access: 26 Aug. 2004.         [ Links ]

SOUTH AFRICA. 1997a. Identification Act, No. 68 of 1997. http://www.info.gov.za/gazette/acts/1997/a68-97.pdf Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

SOUTH AFRICA. 1997b. Basic Conditions of Employment Act, No. 75 of 1997. http://www.polity.org.za/govdocs/legislation/1997/act75.pdf Date of access: 13 Aug. 2001.         [ Links ]

SOUTH AFRICA. 2005. Children's Act, No. 38 of 2005. http://llnw.creamermedia.co.za/articles/attachments/02888_childrensact38.pdf Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

SOUTH AFRICA. Department of Labour. 2003. The National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa: final draft for consideration by government departments and other stakeholders. http://www.labour.gov.za/useful_docs/doc_display.jsp?id=9503 Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

SOUTH AFRICA. DL see SOUTH AFRICA. Department of labour.

UNICEF see UNITED NATIONS CHILDEN'S FUND

UNITED NATIONS. 1989. Convention on the Rights of the Child. http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/k2crc.htm Date of access: 11 Jun. 2002.         [ Links ]

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND. 2005. Excluded and invisible. http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/SOWC_2006_English_Report_rev(1).pdf Date of access: 2 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

VAN DIJK, P. 1985. Op de grens van twee werelden: een onderzoek naar het ethische denken van de natuurwetenschapper C.J. Dippel. 's-Gravenhage: Boekencentrum.         [ Links ]

VORSTER, J.M. 2007. Christian attitude in the South African liberal democracy. Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom Theological Publications.         [ Links ]

WALTON, J.H. 2001. Genesis. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. (The NIV application commentary.         [ Links ])

WEISSBRODT, D. & ANTI-SLAVERY INTERNATIONAL. 2002. Abolishing slavery and its contemporary forms. New York: United Nations. http://www.unhchr.ch/pdf/slavery.pdf Date of access: 21 Nov. 2007.         [ Links ]

WESSEL, W.W. 1984. Matthew, Mark, Luke. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. (The expositor's Bible commentary with the New International Version.         [ Links ])

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons