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On-line version ISSN 2304-8557
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Koers (Online) vol.76 n.2 Pretoria  2011




Technology and religion: Islam, Christianity and materialism



E. Schuurman

Emeritus-Professor of Reformational Philosophy Universities of Delft, Eindhoven, Wageningen, The Netherlands. E-mail:



Key concepts: Christianity, Islam, materialism, religion, technology

Kernbegrippe: Christendom, Islam, materialisme, religie, tegnologie



Full text available only in PDF format.



1 Habermas, J. 2005. Zwischen Naturalismus und Religion.
2 The present essay is the text of Professor Schuurman's valedictory oration delivered in the Auditorium of the University of Wageningen on 20 September 2007. The translation is by Harry van Dyke.
3 I thank my student and fellow philosopher Mohammed Balali from Iran for his critical comments on the text and for his advice about recent Islamic literature on the subject.
4 Stöcklein, A. et al., eds. 1990. Technik und Religion. Dusseldorf.
5 Al-Hassan, A.Y. 2001. Factors behind the decline of Islamic science after the sixteenth century. (In UNESCO. Science and Technology in Islam.)
6 Abu Zayd, N. 2006. Reformation of Islamic thought: a critical-historical analysis.
7 Hassan, R. 2007. Religion, ethics and violence: developing a new Muslim discourse. (In Goldewijk, B.K., ed. Religion, international relations and development cooperation. Wageningen Academic Publishers.) See also Soroush, A. 2004. Ethics and ethical critiques.
8 Buruma, I. & Margalit, A. 2004. Occidentalism. Amsterdam.
9 Al-Ansari, A.A-H. 2007 The roots of terrorism is the culture of hate.
10 Van de Wal, K. & Goudzwaard, B., eds. 2006. Van grenzen weten: aanzetten toteen nieuw denken over duurzaamheid. Budel.
11 Qutb, S. 1990. Milestones. Indianapolis: American Trust.
12 Iqbal, M. 1971. The reconstruction of religious thought in Islam. Lahore. And Foltz, R.C. et al., eds., 2003. Islam and ecology: a bestowed trust. Harvard University Press.
13 Salam, M.A, 1983. Science and technology in the Islamic world. (In Buruma, I. & Margalit, A. Occidentalism. Amsterdam.
14 Hittinger, R. 1995. Christopher's Dawson's insights: can a culture survive the loss of Its religious roots? (In Christianity and Western civilization. Ignatius Press.)
15 Kung, H. 1997. Weltethos fur Weltpolitik und Weltwirtschaft. Munich.
16 Opschoor, H. 2007. "Wealth of Nations" or a "Common Future": religion-based responses to insustainability and globalisation. (In Goldewijk, B.K., ed. Religion, international relations and development cooperation. Wageningen Academic Publishers. p. 247-281.)
17 Swearengen, J.C. 2007. Beyond paradise: technology and the kingdom of God. Eugene: Wipf & Stock.
18 Schuurman, E. 2005. The technological world-picture and an ethics of responsibility. Sioux Center: Dordt College Press.
19 Willems, R. et al., 2006. Pleidooi voor een kabinet met een mondiale visie op natuur- en klimaatbehoud. Plea for a cabinet with a global vision for the preservation of nature and the climate. Open Letter to party leaders in the Dutch Parliament, The Hague, Dec. 2006.
20 Rohrmoser, G. 2006. Islam, die unverstandene Herausforderung. Bietigheim.
21 Bawer, B. 2006. While Europe slept: how radical Islam is destroying the West from within. New York.

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