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On-line version ISSN 2223-6279
Print version ISSN 0379-8577

Curationis vol.33 n.1 Pretoria Jan. 2010




Infant feeding and HIV positive mothers in the Capricorn District of Limpopo Province



NS RamaraI; MS MaputleII; ME LekhuleniIII

IM.CUR student. Nursing Department, University of Limpop (Turfloop Campus)
IID.CUR, M.CUR, RM, RN. Senior Lecturer, University of Venda
IIID.CUR, RM, RN. Senior Lecturer, Univesity of Limpopo (Turfloop Campus)





HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice at Mankweng clinic in the Limpopo province are experiencing specific problems with various feeding methods. This study was undertaken with the aim to explore and describe the socioeconomic and cultural experiences of HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice. The research design was exploratory, descriptive, qualitative and contextual in nature. A phenomenological approach was adopted to focus on the lived experiences of HIV-positive mothers. The study sample was purposely selected. Ten HIV-positive mothers volunteered to participate in the study. Data were collected through in-depth unstructured interviews. All participants responded to an open-ended question: "Could you please tell me, in detail, your experience on infant feeding of your choice?" Interviews were conducted until saturation, as was reflected in repeating themes, was reached. The model of trustworthiness, as outlined in Guba and Lincoln (1985:301-318), to ensure credibility and dependability, was used in this study. The study adhered to the ethical standards as set by DENOSA (1998:2.3.2-2.3.4). Data were analysed according to Tesch's method, as outlined in Creswell (2003:192) and De Vos (1998:343). Literature control was performed to verify the results. Two main categories that emerged were guided by options for infant feeding; namely those that chose formula feeding for their babies and those participants who opted to breast-feed their babies.
The study proposed to recommend guidelines for the development of relevent content for inclusion in health education programmes of registered midwives who, in turn, can use such information to educate mothers.

Key words: Experiences, HIV-positive mothers, infant feeding



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MS Maputle
Department of Advanced Nursing
University of Venda
Private Bag X5050, Thohoyandou 0950
Tel: (015)962-8125; Fax: (015)962-8046


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