SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.31 issue3The expectations of pregnant women regarding antenatal careKnowledge of pregnant women on transmission of HIV infection through breast feeding author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google



On-line version ISSN 2223-6279
Print version ISSN 0379-8577

Curationis vol.31 n.3 Pretoria  2008




The acceptability, knowledge and perceptions of pregnant women toward HIV Testing in pregnancy at Ilembe District



FN DubeI; ZZ NkosiII

IM Cur; University of KwaZulu-Natal
IIPhD candidate, M Cur, Lecturer; School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu- Natal





This research study aimed to investigate the acceptability, knowledge and perceptions of pregnant women toward HIV testing in pregnancy in Ilembe District. An exploratory research design guided the study. A systematic random sampling was used to select pregnant women who were attending the ante-natal clinic for the first time in their current pregnancy.
Self-administered questionnaires with close-ended questions were used in the collection of data. The questions included the women's demographic details, their views of HIV testing, knowledge and as well as their acceptability of HIV testing. Forty questionnaires were distributed and they were all returned. A quantitative method was used to analyse the data. The findings of the study revealed that 45 % of the women in the sample were relatively young ( 18-25 years) and most of them (90%) were unmarried .The majority of women (92.5%) said testing was a good idea and 85% said it was necessary. However only 52.5% said they would opt for HIV testing. The uptake of HIV testing was found to be low.
Eighty-seven and a half percent (87.5%) of the women in the sample were of the opinion that HIV testing in pregnancy was of benefit to the mother and her baby. Women in the study were generally found to have a good understanding and good perceptions towards HIV testing in pregnancy, but this was not consistent with their behaviour.

Key Words: Acceptability, Knowledge, Perceptions, Pregnant women, HIV Testing



“Full text available only in PDF format”




BAYLIES, C & BUJRA, J 2000: Aids sexuality and gender in Africa. Routledge. London.         [ Links ]

BERER, M & RAY, S 1993. Women and HIV/AIDS: An international resource book. Harper Collins Publishers. Pandora.         [ Links ]

CARTOUX, M; MEDA, N; VAN DE PERRE, P; NEWELL, ML; DEVINCENZI, I & DABIS, F 1998: Acceptability of Voluntary HIV testing by pregnant women in developing countries: An International survey. AIDS, 12(18):2489-2493.         [ Links ]

DAVHANA-MASELESELE, M; LALENDLE, LL & USEH, U 2007: Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to HIV/AIDS among learners in Vhembe district of Limpopo Province. Curationis. 30(3): 15-22.         [ Links ]

DAWAD, S 2003: Knowledge, attitudes, risk perceptions and condom use among married men and women in Ntuzuma and KwaDumisa, KwaZulu- Natal. Unpublished Masters Thesis: University of KwaZulu-Natal.         [ Links ]

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH 2003. South Africa HIV/AIDS statistics. Pretoria.         [ Links ]

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH 2008 . South Africa National HIV / AIDS statistics. Pretoria.         [ Links ]

DILRAJ, A; ABDOOL KARIM, SS & PILLAY, S 2007: Challenging racial stereotypying of AIDS in South Africa with prevalence of HIV pregnant women. South African Medical Journal. 97 (1): 42.         [ Links ]

DORRINGTON, R; JOHNSON, L; BRADSHAW, D & DANIEL, T 2006: The demographic impact of HIV /AIDS in South Africa. National and provincial indicators for 2006. Centre for Actuarial Science, South African Medical Research Council. Cape Town.         [ Links ]

EKANEM, EE & GBADEGESIN,A 2004: Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for. Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A study on acceptability by Nigerian women attending antenatal clinics. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 8(2):91-100.         [ Links ]

EKOVERI, DK; LEROY, V & VIHO, I 2004: Acceptability and uptake of a package to prevent mother-to-child transmission using rapid HIV testing in Abidan, Cote d'voire. AIDS. 18 (4):697-699.         [ Links ]

ENOSOLEASE, ME & OFFOR E 2004: Acceptance rate of HIV testing among women seeking induced abortion in Benin City, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 8 (2):86-90.         [ Links ]

EXNER, TM; HOFFMAN, S; PARIKH, K; LEU, CS & EHRHARDT, AA 2002 HIV counselling and testing: Women's experiences and the perceived role of testing as a prevention strategy. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 34 (2): 76-83.         [ Links ]

FERNANDEZ, MI; WILSON, TE; ETHIER KA; WALTER EB; GAY, CL& MOORE, J 2000: Acceptance of HIV testing during prenatal care. Perinatal guidelines evaluation project. Public Health Report. 115 (5): 460-468.         [ Links ]

FRANCIS-CHIZORORO, M & NATSHALAGA, NR 2003: The female condom: acceptability and perception among rural women m Zimbabwe. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 7(3): 101-116.         [ Links ]

GOLDMAN, MB & HATCH, MC 2000: Women and Health. Academic Press: New York.         [ Links ]

HO, CF & LORE, AY 2003: Pregnant women's decisions on antenatal HIV. Hong Kong: AIDS Care. 15 (6): 821 -827.         [ Links ]

JOHNSON, MA & JOHNSTONE, FD 1993: HIV infection in women. Church Livingstone. Edinburgh.         [ Links ]

KALICHMAN, SC & SIMBAYI, LC 2003: HIV testing attitudes, AIDS stigma and voluntary HIV Counselling and testing in black township in Cape Town, South Africa: Sexually Transmitted Infection. 79(96) :442-447.         [ Links ]

KATZENELLBOGEN, JM; JOUBERT, G & ABDOOL KARIM, SS 1999: Epidemiology: A manual for South Africa. Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

KENNEDY, J 2003: HIV in Pregnancy and Childbirth: Elsevier Limited. New York.         [ Links ].

KIARIE, J; NDUATI, R; KOIGI, K; Ml SI A, J & JOHN, G 2000: HIV testing in pregnancy: acceptability and correlates of return for test results. AIDS. 14(10): 1468-1469.         [ Links ]

LACHMAN, S 1995: Heterosexual: HIV/ AIDS as a global problem. A guide for medical practitioners and health care workers. The Natal Witness Printing and Publishing Co. Pietermarizburg.         [ Links ]

MAIMAN, LA & BECKER, MH 1974: The Health Belief Model: Origins and correlates in psychological theory. Health Education Monographs. 336-353.         [ Links ]

MATINGA, PU 2003: Factors influencing pregnant women's decisionmaking for HIV testing in Southern Malawi. N.GO Networks for Health.         [ Links ]

NAKCHBANDI, IA; LONGENECKER, JC; RICKSECKER, M A; LATTA, RA; HEALTON, C & SMITH, DG 1998: A decision analysis of mandatory compared with voluntary HIV testing in pregnant women. Annals of Internal Medicine. 128(91): 761-6.         [ Links ]

POLIT, DF & HUNGLER, BP 2001: Nursing research: principles and methods. J.B.I Lippincott Company: Philadelphia.         [ Links ]

RAWJEE, VP 2002: Effective HIV/AIDS communication campaigns: A case study on an HIV/AIDS awareness campaign targeted at young adults at a tertiary institution: Masters Thesis: University of KwaZulu-Natal.         [ Links ]

SEMPRINI, A & FIORE, S 2004: HIV and reproduction. Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 16 (3): 258-260.         [ Links ]

SETHOSA, E & PELTZER, K 2005:. Evaluation of HIV counselling and testing, self disclosure, social support and sexual behavoir change among a rural sample of HIV reactive patients in South Africa. Curationis. 28 ( 1 ): 29-41.         [ Links ]

TALLIS, VA 1997: An exploratory investigation into the psychosocial impact of an HIV positive diagnosis in a small sample of pregnant women with special reference to KwaZulu- Natal. University of KwaZulu-Natal. Durban.         [ Links ]

TEMMERMAN, M; NDINYA-ACHOLA, J; AMB ANI, J & PIOT, P 1995. The right to know HIV test results. Lancet. 15(345): 969-70.         [ Links ]

UNAIDS 2008. Report on global AIDS epidemic. Geneva. Available from (Accessed 08 September 2008).         [ Links ]

USAID 2004. USAID strategy in South Africa. Available from (Accessed 10 July 2004).         [ Links ]



Ms ZZ Nkosi
School of Nursing
University of KwaZulu- Natal
Howard College Campus
Tel (031)260-2901; Fax: (013) 260-2855

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License