SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.31 issue1Nurses' views about tuberculosis patients' discharge plan at Moses Kotane in the North-West ProvinceThe relationship between body mass index and self-concept among adolescent black female university students author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Curationis

On-line version ISSN 2223-6279
Print version ISSN 0379-8577

Curationis vol.31 n.1 Pretoria  2008

 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

 

Lifestyle risk factors in an urban South African community

 

 

SCD WrightI; TS RamukumbaII

IM Cur Nursing, D Tech Nursing. Senior lecturer, Adelaide Tambo School of Nursing Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Tshwane, South Africa
IIMSc Nursing. Lecturer, Adelaide Tambo School of Nursing Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Tshwane, South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

The research question addressed in the study was to determine the prevalence of the following lifestyle risk factors: obesity, waist-hip ratio, physical inactivity, high blood glucose, and hypertension in an urban community. The research objective for the study was to determine the prevalence of specific risk factors in an urban community. Based on the results, a health intervention could be planned and implemented to reduce the prevalence of the risk factors and the possibility of chronic non-communicable diseases in later life. The design was a quantitative survey using physical measurement and a structured questionnaire. The target population of the study was black urban adults (n=218). The sampling method was convenient and purposive. The results of the study indicated that the prevalence of hypertension and obesity were higher than the national prevalence for South Africa. The waist-hip ratio revealed that 20% of the men and 49.7% of the women were at risk for cardiovascular disease. High blood glucose levels were demonstrated for 21.6% of the group. Physical activity was also shown to be inadequate. In conclusion, the potential for cardiovascular and metabolic health problems in future is high. It is recommended that an intervention, based on the results of the study, should and must be developed and implemented. The more challenging question is to know what to do and how to do it. A framework is suggested to guide the development of an intervention.

Key words: Lifestyle risks, obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension, waist-hip ratio, health promotion


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

References

BOURNE, LT; LAMBERT, EV & STEYN, K 2002: Where does the black population in South Africa stand on the nutrition transtition? Public Health Nutrition, Feb:5(lA): 157-62.         [ Links ]

BURNS, N& GROVE, SK 1997: The practice of nursing research conduct: critique & utilization. Philadelphia: WB Saunders.         [ Links ]

COULSON, N 1999: Health promotion. In: Health Systems Trust. South African Health Review. Durban: The Gang Press.         [ Links ]

GREEN, LW & KREUTER, MW 1991: Health promotion planning: an educational and environmental approach. 2nd ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.         [ Links ]

HASLAM, D 2005: Include measurement of waist circumference in GP contract. British Medical Journal, 331:455-456.         [ Links ]

INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF NURSES 2003: Fact sheet - ICN on obesity.         [ Links ] [Online]. Available at: <http://www.icn.ch/matters_obesitv.htm>.

KRUGER, HS; VENTER, CS & VORSTER, HH 2003: Physical inactivity as risk factor for cardiovascular disease in communities undergoing rural to urban transition: the THUSA study. Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Jan-Feb. 14( 1):16-23.         [ Links ]

LUEPKER, RV; EVANS A; MCKEIGUE, P & REDDY, KS 2004: Cardiovascular survey methods. 3rd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization.         [ Links ]

MEYER, BJ; VAN PAPENDORP, DH; MEIJ, HS & VILJOEN, M 2002: Human physiology. 3rd ed. Lansdowne: Juta.         [ Links ]

NORTEN, L 1998: Health promotion and health education: what role should the nurse adopt in practice. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 28: 1269-1275.         [ Links ]

PELTZER, K 2001: Knowledge and attitudes of primary care nurses and midwifes towards health promotion in rural South Africa. Curationis, 24(4): 52-58.         [ Links ]

POLIT, DF & HUNGLER, BP 1997: Essentials of nursing research: methods, appraisal, and utilization. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott.         [ Links ]

REDDY,P 2004: Chronic diseases. In Health Systems Trust. South African Health Review. Durban: The Gang Press.         [ Links ]

STEYN, K; KAZENELLENBOGEN, JM; LOMBARD, CJ & BOURNE, LT 1997: Urbanization and the risk for chronic diseases of lifestyle in the black population of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. Journal of Cardiovascular Risk, April:4(2): 135-42.         [ Links ]

VAN ROOYEN, JM; HUISMAN, HW; ELOFF, FC; LAUBSHER, PJ; MALAN, L; STEYN, HS & MALAN, NT 2002: Cardiovascular reactivity in Black South African males of different age groups: the influence of urbanisation. Ethnicity Discourse, Winter: 12( 1 ):69-75.         [ Links ]

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION 1986: Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, Copenhagen: WHO        [ Links ]

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION 2005: Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre. Accessed: 20/09/2005.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Dr SCD Wright
Adelaide Tambo School of Nursing Science
Tshwane University of Technology
Private bag x680
Pretoria, Gauteng, 0001
Tel: (012)382-5470; Fax: (012)382-5033
Email: wrightscd@tut.ac.za

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License