SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.32 número1'Within the enclave' - Profiling South African social and religious developments since 1994A critical analysis of Gretha Wiid's sex ideology and her biblical hermeneutics índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados



Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google


Verbum et Ecclesia

versão On-line ISSN 2074-7705
versão impressa ISSN 1609-9982

Verbum Eccles. (Online) vol.32 no.1 Pretoria  2011 



Kanegelo ya Nimirode: Re lebelela diphihlelelo tša gagwe ka lefsa


The Nimrod story: Reconsidering his achievements



Elelwani B. Farisani

Department Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa





The Ham/Nimrod story has been used to oppress Black people in South Africa and the USA. This paper looks afresh at Nimrod and attempts to restore his dignity and that of black people. This will be done in five stages below. Firstly, we briefly highlight the identity of Noah's children in order to place into context Nimrod, who is the focus of this study. Secondly, we examine the negative portrayal of Nimrod by certain scholars. Thirdly, we discuss the use of Ham/Nimrod's storyin the oppression or enslavement of black people. Furthermore, we will critique such a use of the story to oppress black people. Fourthly we discuss Nimrod's achievements. The focus here will be on his three major achievements as a great ruler, mighty hunter and builder. The aim of this section is to counter the negative interpretation that Nimrod has previously received. In addition, we will offer a positive interpretation of the curse on Ham/Cush/Nimrod. Fifth and, finally, we willspell out the significance of the Nimrod story for those who have been oppressed and enslaved on the basis of this text. The focus here will be on South Africa.



Full text available only in PDF format.




Augustine, 1955, 'City of God, XVI:3', in P. Schaff (ed.), A selected Library of Nicene and Post Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, 8 vols., Eerdmans, Grand Rapids.         [ Links ]

Carson, D.A., 1994, New Bible commentary, 21st century edition, Inter-Varsity Press, Leicester and Downers Grove.         [ Links ]

Clifford, R.J., 1985, 'Nimrod', in P.J Achtemeier (ed.), Society of Biblical Litreture. Harper's Bible dictionary, 1st edn., Harper & Row, San Francisco.         [ Links ]

Easton, M., 1996, Easton's Bible dictionary, Logos Research, Systems Oak Harbor.         [ Links ]

Gero, S., 1980, 'The Legend of the Fourth Son of Noah', Harvard Theological Review 73, 321-30.        [ Links ]

Gibson, J.C.L., 2001, Genesis: The Daily study Bible Series, vol. 1, John Knox Press, Louisville.         [ Links ]

Gillespie, G.T., 1954, 'A Christian View of Segregation', an address made before the Synod of Mississippi of the Presbyterian Church in the US, Association of Citizens' Councils of Mississippi, Greenwood, 04 November.         [ Links ]

Ginzberg, L., 1968, The Legends of the Jews, vol. 1, Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia.         [ Links ]

Haynes, S., 2002, Noah's Curse: The Biblical Justification of America Slavery, University Press, Oxford.         [ Links ]

Henry, M., 1996, Matthew Henry's commentary on the whole Bible: Complete and unabridged in one volume, Hendrickson, Peabody.         [ Links ]

Hughes, R.B., Laney, J.C. & Hughes, R.B., 2001, Tyndale concise Bible commentary, rev. edn. of New Bible companion, 1990, includes index, The Tyndale reference library, Tyndale House Publishers, Wheaton.         [ Links ]

Jamieson, R., Fausset, A.R., Fausset, A.R., Brown, D. & Brown, D., 1997, A commentary, critical and explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments, Logos Research Systems, Oak Harbor.         [ Links ]

Keil, C.F. & Delitzsch, F., 2002, Commentary on the Old Testament, vol. 1, Hendrickson, Peabody.         [ Links ]

Kenneth, R.K., 1956, 'The Segregation Issue', Baptist Bulletin, October, 9-10.         [ Links ]

Kugel, J.L., 1997, The Bible as it was, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.         [ Links ]

Luther's works, 1955-1986, 55 vols., ed. J. Pelikan, Cancordia, St. Louis.         [ Links ]

Mathews, K.A., 2001, Genesis 111:26 (electronic ed.), Logos Library System, The New American Commentary, vol. 1A, Boardman and Holman Publishers, Nashville.         [ Links ]

Oded, B., 1986, 'The Table of Nations (Genesis 10)- A Sociocultural Approach', ZAW 98, 31.         [ Links ]

Pennington, J.W.C., 1841, A Text Book of the Origin and History of the Colored People, L. Skinner, Hartford.         [ Links ]

Richards, L., 1991, The Bible reader's companion, includes index, Victor Books, Wheaton.         [ Links ]

Sandell, J.W., 1907, The United States in Scripture. The Union Against the States. God in Government, Tucker Printing House, Mississippi.         [ Links ]

Walvoord, J.F., Zuck, R.B. & Dallas Theological Seminary, 1985, The Bible knowledge commentary: An expositin of the scriptures, vol. 1, Victor Books, Wheaton.         [ Links ]

Wiersbe, W.W., 1993, Wiersbe's expository outlines on the Old Testament, Victor Books, Wheaton.         [ Links ]

Wiseman, D.J.N, 1996, in D.R.W. & I.H. Marshall, New Bible Dictionary, includes Index, (electronic edn. of 3rd edn.), Inter Varsity Press, Downers Grove.         [ Links ]

Williams, D.K., 2004, An End to This Strife: The Politics of Gender in African American Churches Fortress Press, Minneapolis.         [ Links ]

Willmington, H.L., 1997, Willmington's Bible Handbook, Tyndale House Publishers, Wheaton.         [ Links ]

Wittenberg, G., 1991, '"Let Canaan be his slave" (Genesis 9:26) Is Ham also cursed?', Journal of Theology for Southern Africa, 46-56.         [ Links ]



Elelwani Farisani
PO Box 392
UNISA 0003
South Africa

Received: 15 Nov. 2010
Accepted: 23 Aug. 2011
Published: 15 Nov. 2011

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons