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Verbum et Ecclesia

versão On-line ISSN 1609-9982

Verbum Eccles. (Online) vol.32 no.1 Pretoria  2011

http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ve.v32i1.483 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

Missão Integral [holistic mission or the 'whole Gospel'] applied: Brazilian evangelical models of holistic mission in the Arab-Muslim world

 

 

Edward L. SmitherI, II

IChurch History and Intercultural Studies, Liberty University, Lynchburg, Virginia, USA
IIDepartment of Missiology, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

In this article, I will first show the historical development of this theological approach within the Brazilian and Latin American evangelical spheres through the work of the Latin American Theological Fraternity - a movement founded in 1970 that maintained historic evangelical values (i.e. a high view of Scripture, the necessity of conversion) whilst also taking Latin America's great social needs into account. Nurtured by thinkers such as René Padilla (Ecuador), Orlando Costas (Puerto Rico), Samuel Escobar (Peru), and later Valdir Steuernagel (Brazil), the movement has not only responded to the concerns raised by Liberation theologians, but it has also influenced the direction of the Lausanne Movement - an expression of global evangelicalism. Secondly, I will discuss how missão integral has found its way into the missional 'bloodstream' and become a central value for some Brazilian and Latin American missions organisations, including Missão Antioquia (1975) and PM International (1984). Finally, based on 55 interviews conducted in 2009-2010 with Brazilian workers and mission leaders focusing on the Arab world, I will show how Brazilian workers are demonstrating missão integral through their ministries and also why this approach is relevant in the Arab-Muslim world.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

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Correspondence:
Edward Smither
1971 University Boulevard
Lynchburg, VA 24502
USA
Email: elsmither@liberty.edu

Received: 20 Nov. 2010
Accepted: 21 Apr. 2011
Published: 30 Sept. 2011

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