SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.31 número1Dating the Priestly text in the pre-exilic period: Some remarks about anachronistic slips and other obstaclesThe pastors' handling of trauma analogous to Jesus' healings and exorcisms índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Verbum et Ecclesia

versión On-line ISSN 1609-9982

Verbum Eccles. (Online) vol.31 no.1 Pretoria  2010

http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ve.v31i1.412 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

Wa re o Bona e Hlotša, wa e Nametša Thaba! Bibele, Basadi ba Maafrika ba Afrika-Borwa le HIV le AIDS

 

 

Madipoane Masenya(ngwan'a Mphahlele)

Department of Old Testament and Ancient and Near Eastern Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

The question of the history of the reception of the Christian Bible in South Africa particularly by African- South Africans has not been a smooth ride. It was part of a bigger package that included among others, the importation of European patriarchy onto African soil, the land grabbing exercise which resulted in among others, the impoverishment of African peoples and, the emasculation of the African man. The latter in turn led to the intensification of patriarchy within the average African family. The preceding situation, was not helpful to the context and/or situation of African women who were already then, at the bottom of the patriarchal ladder, because, as can be expected, within the context of the Black church and theology then, little if any except for a handful of liberation theologians and members of some ecumenical bodies, was done to make the theology propagated then, relevant to pertinent issues which affected the lives of Black people.
Given the historical marginalisation of women in the Bible and Theology, not only in South Africa, but also globally, it becomes obvious that even in our context, mainstream theology and biblical hermeneutics left issues pertaining to gender justice basically untouched. It is no wonder, as we will argue in this paper, that given that already vulnerable situation into which African women have been thrown into by the preceding factors as well as by how the Bible continues to be used in our HIV and AIDS contexts, their situation may be succinctly captured as that of a limping animal that has been made to climb the mountain! The Northern Sotho proverb or saying: Wa re o bona e hlot
ša, wa e nametša thaba (while limping, you let it climb the mountain) simply means that a certain situation is being aggravated (by an external factor). The present article will use the preceding proverb as a hermeneutical lens through which to analyse the reception of the Bible by African women in the HIV and AIDS context of South Africa.

Keywords: Bibele; basadi ba MaAfrika; phathriaki; HIV le AIDS; kamogelo ya Bibele; Afrika Borwa


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

References

Anderson, C.B., 2009, Ancient laws & contemporary controversies: The need for inclusive Biblical interpretation, Oxford University Press, Oxford.         [ Links ]

Bal, M., 1999, 'Lots of writing', in A. Brenner (ed.), Ruth and Esther: A feminist companion to the Bible, Sheffield, Sheffield Academic Press.         [ Links ]

Beal, T. 1997, The Book of Hiding-Gender, Ethnicity, Annihilation, and Esther, Routledge, New York.         [ Links ]

Bowser, B.P., 1994, 'Black men and AIDS: Prevention and Black sexuality', in R.G. Majors & J.U. Gordon (eds.), The American Black male: His present status and his future, p. 123, Nelson-Hall Publishers, Chicago.         [ Links ]

Chirongoma, S., 2006, 'Women's and children's rights in the time of HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe: An analysis of gender in equalities and its impact on people's health', Journal of Theology in Southern Africa 126 (Nov), 48-65.         [ Links ]

Cole, J.B. & Guy-Sheftall, B., 2004, Gender talk: The struggle for women's equality in African American communities, Ballantine Books, New York.         [ Links ]

Dube, M.W., 2000, Postcolonial Feminist Interpretation of the Bible, Chalice, St. Louis.         [ Links ]

Dube, M.W. (ed.), 2001, Other ways of reading: African women and the Bible, BSL, Atlanta.         [ Links ]

Dube, M.W. & Kanyoro, M. (eds.), 2004, Grant Me Justice! HIV/AIDS & gender readings of the Bible, Cluster Publications, Pietermaritzburg; Orbis Books, Maryknoll.         [ Links ]

Fox, M.V., 1991, Character ideology in the book of Esther, University of South Carolina, Columbia.         [ Links ]

Germond, P., 2004, 'Sex in a globalizing world: The South African churches and the crisis of sexuality', JTSA119, 46-48.         [ Links ]

Hinga, T.M., 1992, 'Jesus Christ and the liberation of women in Africa', in M.A. Oduyoye & M.R.A. Kanyoro (eds.), The will to arise: Women, tradition and the church in Africa, pp. 183-194, Orbis, Maryknoll.         [ Links ]

Kretzschmar, L., 1990, 'The relevance of Feminist Theology within the South African context', in D. Ackermann, J.A. Draper & E. Mashinini (eds.), Women hold up half the sky: Women in the church in South Africa, pp. 106-121, Cluster, Pietermaritzburg.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 1996, Proverbs 31:10-31 in a South African context: A Bosadi (womanhood) perspective, D. Litt thesis, Department of Old Testament, University of South Africa, Pretoria.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2000, 'Making the Context of African-South African Women a Hermeneutical Focus in Theological Educaion', NICTE, 21, 20-26.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2001a, 'Between Unjust Suffering and the 'Silent' God: Job and HIV/AIDS Sufferers in South Africa', Missionalia 29(2), 186-199.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2001b, 'An Eco (bosadi) reading of Psalm 127', in N. Habel (ed.), The earth stories in the Psalms and the prophets, pp. 109-122, Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2003a, 'A small herb increases itself (impact) by a strong odor: Reimagining Vashti in an African-South African context', Old Testament Essays 16, 332-342.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2003b, 'Trapped between two "canons": African-South African Christian women in the HIV/AIDS Era', in I.A. Phiri, B. Haddad & M. Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele) (eds.), African women, HIV/AIDS and faith communities, pp. 113-127, Cluster Publications, Pietermaritzburg.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2004a, How worthy is the woman of worth? Rereading Proverbs 31:10-31 in African South Africa, Peter Lang, New York.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2004b, 'Struggling with poverty/emptiness: Rereading the Naomi-Ruth story in African-South Africa', Journal of Theology in Southern Africa 120, 46-59.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2005a, 'Their hermeneutics was strange! Ours is a necessity! Rereading Vashti as African-South African women', in C. Vander Stichele & T. Penner (eds.), Her master's tools? Feminist and postcolonial engagements of historical-critical discourse, pp. 179-194, SBL, Atlanta.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2005b, ' The optimism of the wise in Africa and in Israel: How helpful in the time of HIV/AIDS?', Old Testament Essays 18(2), 296-308.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2005c, 'An African methodology for South African Biblical Sciences: Revisiting the Bosadi (womanhood) approach', Old Testament Essays 18(3), 741-751.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2005d, 'The Bible, HIV/AIDS and African/South African women: A Bosadiapproach, Studia Historiae Ecclesiaticae', Vol. XXXI (1), 187-201.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2005e, 'HIV/AIDS and African Biblical hermeneutics: Focus on southern African women', Chakana 3, 21-35.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2006, 'Killed by AIDS and buried by Religion: African female bodies in crisis,' Old Testament Essays 19(2), 486-499.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2007, 'Seeking security through marriage: Ruth 1:6-18 Placed under an African woman's HIV and AIDS lens', Journal of Constructive Theology 13(2), 43-56.         [ Links ]

Masenya (ngwan'a Mphahlele), M., 2008, 'An African-conscious female's reading of Steve Biko', in C. du Toit (ed.), The legacy of Stephen Bantu Biko: Theological challenges, pp. 114-155, Research Institute for Religion and Theology, University of South Africa, Pretoria.         [ Links ]

Mashau, T.D., 2003, 'Africanisation of Christianity and theology: A reformational perspective', Theologia Viatorium 27(1), 123-143.         [ Links ]

Mbuwayesango, D.R., 2007, 'Levirate marriage and HIV and AIDS in Zimbabbwe: The story of Judah and Tamar (Genesis 38)', Journal of Constructive Theology 13(2), 5-15.         [ Links ]

Mofokeng, T., 1986., 'The evaluation of the Black struggle and the role of Black theology', in I.J. Mosala & B. Tlhagale (eds.), The unquestionable right to be free: Black theology from South Africa', pp. 113-128,Skotaville, Braamfontein.         [ Links ]

Mosala, I.J., 1989, Biblical hermeneutics and Black theology in southern Africa, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids.         [ Links ]

Mwaura, P.N., 2008, 'Stigmatisation and discrimination of HIV/AIDS women in Kenya: A violation of human rights and its theological implications ', Exchange 37, 35-51.         [ Links ]

Nadar, S., 2002, 'Gender, power, sexuality and suffering bodies: Re-reading the characters of Esther and Vashti for social transformation', Old Testament Essays 15(1), 113-130.         [ Links ]

Nzimande, M.K., 2005, Post-colonial Biblical interpretation in Post-colonial, Post-apartheid South Africa: The Gebirah in the Hebrew Bible in light of Queen Jezebel and Queen Mother of Lemuel, Unpublished PhD dissertation, Brite Divinity School, Texas Christian University, USA.         [ Links ]

Oduyoye, M.A. & Kanyoro, M.R.A. (eds.), 1992, The will to arise: Women, tradition, and the Church in Africa, Orbis, Maryknoll.         [ Links ]

Oduyoye, M.A., 1994, Daughters of Anowa: African women and patriarchy, Orbis, Maryknoll.         [ Links ]

Okure, T., 1993, Feminist interpretations in Africa', in E. Schussler-Fiorenza (ed.), Searching the scriptures, Volume 1: A feminist introduction, pp. 76-85, Crossroad, New York.         [ Links ]

Okure, T., 2003, 'Invitation to African women's hermeneutical concerns', African Journal of Biblical Studies (XIX) 2, 71-95.         [ Links ]

Rivkin, E.T., 1994, 'The Black woman in South Africa', in C.F.Steady (ed.), The Black woman cross-culturally, pp. 215-229, Schenkman books, Vermont.         [ Links ]

Rodney, H., 1982, How Europe underdeveloped Africa, Howard University, Washington.         [ Links ]

Saayman, W., 2010, 'Prophetic theology in SA circa 2010: some observations', paper presented at theSeminar of the Unisa Department of Missiology, Church History and Christian Spirituality, Pretoria, South Africa, 18 March, 2010.         [ Links ]

Steady, F.C., 1994, The Black woman cross-culturally, Schenkman books, Vermont.         [ Links ]

Staples, R., 1978, 'Masculinity and race: The dual dilemma of Black men', Journal of Social Issues 34, 169-183.         [ Links ]

Teffo, L.J., 2003, 'Healing: An enduring feature of African religions', Theologia Viatorium 27(1), 165-182.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Madipoane Masenya(ngwan'a Mphahlele)
Department of Old Testament and Ancient and Near Eastern Studies, University of South Africa
PO Box 392
UNISA 0003
South Africa
Email: masenmj@unisa.ac.za

Received: 30 June 2010
Accepted: 19 Oct. 2010
Published: 24 Nov. 2010

 

 

Note: Pampiri ye e ile ya balwa (le ge gabjale go na le diphetogo tše mmalwa mo go yona) go la Singapore ka 2005: Konferenseng ya boditšhabatšhaba ya thuto ya Lekgotla la Dingwalo tša Bibele (Society of Biblical Literature). Ke leboga thušo ya ditšhelete ya Yunibesithi ya Afrika-Borwa go nkgontšha go ya kopanong ye.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License