On-line version ISSN 2074-7705
Print version ISSN 1609-9982
Verbum Eccles. (Online) vol.31 n.1 Pretoria 2010
Department of Development Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Black South African theologians created South African Black theology during the late 1960s and early 1970s as a conscious and theological dimension of the liberation struggle against apartheid. They drew inspiration from African-American theology, biblical hermeneutics and the raw material of their own experiences and suffering, whilst simultaneously creating a new theological paradigm and political orientation to liberate Black South Africans from apartheid and European domination. Inevitably, South African Black theology was a liberation theology aimed at helping to eradicate the existing socio-political order. This article gave a missiological overview of Black theology and examined and assessed the relevance of this theology to contemporary post-apartheid South Africa. The critical-theological research method was used.
Keywords: Apartheid; Black theology; Christian mission; liberation; South Africa
Full text available only in PDF format.
Baartman, E.N., 1978, 'La conscience noire: ce qu'elle représente pour l'église' [Black consciousness: What it means for the church], in A, Goquel and P, Buis, Chrétiens d'Afrique du Sud face Ã l'apartheid, p. 291, L'Harmattan, Paris.
Biko, S., 1974, 'Black consciousness and the quest for a true humanity', in B. Moore (ed.), The challenge of Black theology, pp. 36â^'47, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Boesak, A.A., 1977, Farewell to innocence, Orbis, Maryknoll/New York. [ Links ]
Boesak, A.A., 1978, Black theology and Black power, Mowbray, Oxford. [ Links ]
Boesak, A.A., 1984, Black and reformed: Apartheid, liberation and the Calvinist tradition, Orbis, New York. [ Links ]
Buthelezi, M., 1974, 'An African theology or Black theology', in B. Moore (ed.), The challenge of Black theology, pp. 29â^'35, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Buthelezi, M., 1975, 'The Christian challenge of Black theology', in P, Moore, Black Renaissance, p. 156, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Cone, J., 1975, God of the oppressed, Harper & Row, San Francisco. [ Links ]
Dembo, T., 2005, Mission de la théologie africaine [Mission of African theology], [ Links ] Mission MED, Kinshasa.
Gibellini, R., 2004, Panorama de la théologie au XXe siÃ¨cle [Panorama of theology in the 20th century], [ Links ] Cerf, Paris.
Goba, B., 1974, 'Corporate personality: Ancient Israel and Africa', in B. Moore (ed.), The challenge of Black theology, pp. 65â^'73, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Kesteloot, L., 1967, Anthropologie négro-africaine [Black African anthropology], [ Links ] Gerard et Co., Verviers.
Kritzinger, J.N.J., 1988, 'Black theology: Challenge to mission', DTh thesis, Department of Missiology, University of South Africa. [ Links ]
Maluleke, T.S., 1997, 'The smoke-screens called Black and African theologies: The challenge of African women's theology',Journal of Constructive Theology 3(2), 210â^'219. [ Links ]
Maluleke, T.S., 2002, 'Identity and integrity in African theology: A critical analysis', Religion and Theology, April, 26â^'41. [ Links ]
Maluleke, T.S., 2005, 'The next phase in the vernacular Bible discourse: Echoes from Hammanskraal', Missionalia 32(2), 355â^'374. [ Links ]
Maluleke, T.S., 2006, 'The Africanization of theological education: Does theological education equip you to help your sister?', in E. Antonio (ed.), Inculturation and postcolonial discourse in African theology, pp. 61â^'76, Peter Lang, New York. [ Links ]
Maluleke, T.S., 2008, 'May the Black God stand please!: Biko's challenge to religion', in A. Mngxitama, A. Alexander & N.C. Gibson (eds.), Biko lives!: Contesting the legacies of Steve Biko, pp. 115â^'126, Palgrave Macmillan, New York. [ Links ]
Moore, B., 1974, The challenge of black theology in South Africa, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Mosala, I.J., 1990, Biblical hermeneutics and black theology in South Africa, Eerdmans, Michigan. [ Links ]
Motlhabi, M., 1974, 'Black theology and authority', in B. Moore (ed.), The challenge of Black theology, pp. 119â^'129, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Motlhabi, M. & Mokgethi, B.G., 2008, African theology/Black theology in South Africa: Looking back, moving on, University of South Africa, Pretoria. [ Links ]
Mpunzi, A., 1974, 'Black theology as liberation theology', in B. Moore (ed.), The challenge of Black theology, pp. 130â^'140, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Mugambi, J.N.K., 1989, Jesus in African Christianity, Initiatives, Nairobi [ Links ]
Mukendi, P., 2005, Théologie de libération africaine [African liberation theology], [ Links ] Mission MED, Kinshasa.
Ndjate, T., 1984, De la logique de lexistence négro-africaine à lappel du mystère chrétien pour une exploitation théologique du concept Tetela [The logic of the Black African presence in the Christian mystery: Call for operation of the theological concept Tetela], [ Links ] Katholisch Theologische Fakultat, Tubingen.
Ntwasa, S. & Moore, B., 1974, The concept of God in Black theology, in B. Moore (ed.), The challenge of Black theology, pp. 18-28, John Knox, Atlanta. [ Links ]
Simms, R., 2000, Black theology, a weapon in the struggle for freedom: A Gramscian analysis, Race & Society 2(2), 165-193. [ Links ]
Tutu, D., 1974, Black theology, Frontier 17, 73-76. [ Links ]
Villa-Vicencio, C., 1994, Doing theology in context: South African perspectives, in J.W. deGruchy & C. Villa-Vicencio (eds.), Or God Talk Under Devils Peak, p. 259, Orbis, Maryknoll. [ Links ]
PO Box 3037
Received: 07 Oct. 2009
Accepted: 10 Sept. 2010
Published: 11 Nov. 2010