versão On-line ISSN 1609-9982
Verbum Eccles. (Online) vol.30 no.1 Pretoria 2009
Narrative-critical approach as hermeneutical framework for a creative dialogue between biblical sources and secular extra-biblical sources: The Lord of the Rings as an entry into the Book of Revelation
University of Pretoria
This essay is motivated by the challenge that biblical texts have very often lost their affective power to address and transform the lives of readers today, because they are either not read at all or they are not fully understood as the world of the text is too far removed from the world of the reader. There are however wonderful contemporary texts that do affect readers' lives and the question arose if the contemporary texts cannot be read together with the biblical texts, to bring them "to life" again?
A hermeneutical approach needed to be found that could create the necessary space for non-biblical literary texts to be used to interpret and elucidate biblical texts. The narrative approach provides this space for the two texts to enter into creative dialogue, given that the two texts coincide sufficiently in the significance for the two implied authors, the reference of the texts and in the situation of the implied readers.
Full text available only in PDF format.
Barton, J 1998 (ed) The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [ Links ]
Black, DA& Dockery, D S (eds) 1991. New Testament Criticism & Interpretation. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House. [ Links ]
Booth, W 1983. The Rhetoric of Fiction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [ Links ]
Brink, A P 1987. Vertelkunde n Inleiding tot die lees van verhalende tekste. Pretoria: Academica. [ Links ]
Bultmann, R 1964. Is Exegesis without Presupposition Possible? in Bultmann, R & Ogden, S (eds), Existence and Faith: Shorter Writings of Rudolf Bultmann. London: Collins-Fontana. [ Links ]
Caird, G B 1980. The Language and Imagery of the Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster. [ Links ]
Ebeling, G 1963. Word and Faith. London: SCM Press. [ Links ]
-, 1967. God and Word [translated by J W Leitch]. [ Links ] Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
Fuchs, E 1964. Zeit und Geschichte: Dankesgabe an Rudolf Bultmann zum 80. Geburtstag. Tübingen: JCB Mohr. [ Links ]
Gadamer, H-G 1975. Truth and Method. New York: Seabury Press. [ Links ]
Gillespie, T W 1986. Biblical Authority and Interpretation: The Current Debate on Hermeneutics in McKim D K (ed), A Guide to Contemporary Hermeneutics. Major trends in Biblical Interpretation. Grand Rapids: William D Eerdmans Publising Company, 192-219. [ Links ]
Green, J B 1995a. The challenge of Hearing the New Testament in Green, JB (ed) Hearing the New Testament, Strategies for Interpretation. Grand Rapids: William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1-9. [ Links ]
-, 1995b. The Practice of Reading the New Testament in Green, JB (ed) Hearing the New Testament, Strategies for Interpretation. Grand Rapids: William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 411- 427. [ Links ]
Hagner, D A 1991. The New Testament: History and the Historical-Critical Methods in Black, D A & Dockery, D S (eds), New Testament Criticism and Interpretation. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing, 73-96. [ Links ]
Heidegger, M 1962. Being and Time. Oxford: Blackwell Press. [ Links ]
Hirsch, E D Jr 1967. Validity of Interpretation. New Haven: Yale University Press. [ Links ]
Krentz, E 1975. The Historical-Critical Method. Philadelphia: Fortress Press. [ Links ]
Kümmel, W G 1972. The New Testament: The History of the Investigation of its Problems. Nashville: Abington Press. [ Links ]
Lategan, B C 1992. Hermeneutics in Freedman, D (ed) The Anchor Bible Dictionary vol 3. New York: Doubleday, 149-154. [ Links ]
Martin, R P 1977. Approaches to New Testament Exegesis in Marshall IH (ed), New Testament Interpretation: Essays in Principles and Methods. Exeter: Paternoster Press, 220-251. [ Links ]
Powell, M A 1990. What is Narrative Criticism. Augsburg: Fortress Press. [ Links ]
Ricoeur, P 1976. Interpretation Theory: Discourse and the Surplus of Meaning. Forth Worth: Texas Christian Press. [ Links ]
Robinson, J M 1964. Hermeneutic since Barth in Robinson, J M & Cobb, J B Jr, New Frontiers in Theology, II The New Hermeneutic. New York: Harper & Row, 1-76 . [ Links ]
Schütz, J H 1975. Paul and Anatomy of Apostolic Authority. Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series, no. 26. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [ Links ]
Smart, J D 1970. The Strange Silence of the Bible in the Church. London: SCM Press Ltd. [ Links ]
Soulen, R N 1976. Handbook of Biblical Criticism. Atlanta: John Knox Press. [ Links ]
Thiselton, A C 1986. The New Hermeneutic in McKim D K (ed), A Guide to Contemporary Hermeneutics major trends in Biblical Interpretation. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing. [ Links ]
Torrance, T F 1968. Hermeneutics according to F D E Schleiermacher. Scottish Journal of Theology 21, 257-267. [ Links ]
Weinrich, H 1977. Plädoyer für eine Narrative Theologie - oder Theologie unter dem Kriterium narrative Toleranz, in Wacker, B (hg) Narrative Theologie. München: Kösel Verlag, 35-51. [ Links ]
Wink, W 1973. The Bible in Human Transformation: Toward a New Paradigm for Biblical Study. Philadelphia: Fortress Press. [ Links ]
1 Dr R Meylahn is a Research Associate of the Department of New Testament Studies at the University of Pretoria.