SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.29 issue3Reconciliation: A gift from GodThe interdependence of public witness and institutional unity in the Dutch Reformed family of churches author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Verbum et Ecclesia

On-line version ISSN 2074-7705
Print version ISSN 1609-9982

Verbum Eccles. (Online) vol.29 n.3 Pretoria  2008




"The RDP of the Soul", geweld, vergelding, toleransie en Paulus se appèl om moed te hou


"The RDP of the Soul", violence, revenge, tolerance and Paul's appeal for endurance



A G van Aarde

Universiteit van Pretoria




This article links up with both the Fourth Nelson Mandela Commemorative Lecture presented by the previous President of the Republic of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, in 2006, titled the "RDP of the Soul" and with the book of Dr Richard Burridge (King's College, University of London), Imitating Jesus, in which he shows how biblical ethics has shaped South Africans' lives since colonialism, apartheid and post- and neo-colonialism. The article argues that moral leadership by the Christian faith community in South Africa which combats violence by rising up in compassion against injustice can counter-balance the spiralling out of retaliation through revenge. The article describes tolerance in terms of the Pauline concept of endurance and the internalisation of hope for the future. Perseverance despite suffering is seen as the contents of tolerance in the midst of aggressive opposition against the essence of life experienced in terms of an individual's thinking, willing and feeling. The article is a reworked version of a bilingual commemorative public lecture in English and Afrikaans presented on the occasion of the University of Pretoria's centenary celebration and is dedicated to Professor Dr P J G Meiring, a member of the Commission of Peace and Reconciliation in South Africa.



Full text available only in PDF format.




Allison, D C 1982. The Pauline epistles and the Synoptic Gospels: The pattern of the parallels. NTS 28, 1-32.         [ Links ]

African National Congress 1994. The Reconstruction and Development Programme: A policy framework. Johannesburg: Umanyano.         [ Links ]

Aristoteles ([1959] 1964. Aristoteles ars rhetorica. Reprinted. Edited by W D Ross. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Biggs, M 1997. Getting into GEAR: Government and the economy: Your questions answered. The Budget Project, School of Economics, University of Cape Town. Rondebosch: UCT Press.         [ Links ]

Boesak, A 2008. "Open Pastoral Letter to the Zimbabwean Churches", unpublished electronically version provided by Dr Boesak to the author. This "Open Letter" was published in an abridged Afrikaans translation in By in Beeld, 17 Mei 2008. Vergelyk ook Marlene Hanekom, Bewyse van Zimmassamoord, in Rapport, 25 Mei 2008, 16.         [ Links ]

Buchan, A (with Jan Greenough and Val Waldeck) [1998] 2006. Faith like potatoes: The story of a farmer who risked everything for God. First UK publication, Oxford: Monarch Books.

Burridge, R 2007. Imitating Jesus: An inclusive approach to New Testament ethics. Grand Rapids, MI: William B Eerdmans.         [ Links ]

Carnegie-Kommissie 1932. Die armblanke-vraagstuk in Suid-Afrika: Verslag van die Carnegie-Kommssie. Deel I - V. Stellenbosch: Carnegie Korporasie.         [ Links ]

Castelli, E 1987. Mimesis as a discourse of power in Paul's letters. PhD Dissertation. Claremont Graduate School.         [ Links ]

Coetzee, C, Joubert, J-J & Essop, P 2008. Gauteng word rampgebied. Beeld, 30 Mei 2008, 1 en 2.         [ Links ]

Davies, W D & Allison, D C [1988] 2005. A critical and exegetical commentary on the Gospel according to Saint Matthew, Volume 1: Introduction and commentary on Matthew I-VII. London: T & T Clark. (A Continuum imprint ICC).

De Beer, C S 2007. Filosofiese besinning oor geweld: Uitdagings aan informasiestrategieë. Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe 47(4), 3-27.         [ Links ]

Den Heyer, C J 1998. Paulus: Man van twee werelden. Zoetermeer: Uitgeverij Meinema.         [ Links ]

Dunn, J D G 1988. Romans 9-16 (volume 2). Dallas, Tx: Word (WBC 38b).         [ Links ]

-, 1990. Paul's knowledge of the Jesus tradition: The evidence of Romans, in Kertelge, K et al (Hrsg), Christus bezeugen: Für Wolfgang Trilling, 193207. Freiburg: Herder.         [ Links ]

-, 1998. The theology of Paul the apostle. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.         [ Links ]

Funk, R W 1967. The apostolic parousia: Form and significance, in Farmer, W R, Moule, C F D & Niebuhr, R R (eds), Christian history and interpretation: Studies presented to John Knox, 249-268. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.         [ Links ]

Girard, R 1993. A Girardian review of Hammerton-Kelly on Paul, Dialog 32, 269-274.         [ Links ]

-, 2003. From violence and the sacred, in Olson, C (ed), Theory and method in the study of religion: A selection of critical readings, 409-418. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning [Reprinted from Rene Girard 1989.         [ Links ] Violence and the sacred, translated by P Gregory. Baltimore, MA: John Hopkins University Press].

-, 1993. A Girardian review of Hammerton-Kelly on Paul. Dialog 32, 269-primitive church as reflected in the Pauline epistles. Lund: CWK Gleerup.         [ Links ]

Habermas, J 1962. The structural transformation of the public sphere. Malden, MA: Polity Press.         [ Links ]

Hamerton-Kelly, R G 1993. Paul's hermeneutic of the cross. Dialog 32, 289296.         [ Links ]

Jewett, R 2007. Romans: A commentary. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress. (Hermerneia).         [ Links ]

Koehler, L & Baumgartner, W (eds) 1958. Lexicon in Veteris Testamenti Libros. Leiden: Brill.         [ Links ]

Koester, H 2007. Paul & his world: Interpreting the New Testament in its context. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress.         [ Links ]

Kim, S H 2007. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy.        [ Links ]

Kinneavy, J 1987. Greek rhetorical origins of Christian faith. New York: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Kirk-Duggan, C A 2006. Violence and theology. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press (Horizons in Theology).         [ Links ]

Kriesberg, L 1973. The sociology of social conflicts. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.         [ Links ]

Louw, JP & Nida, E A (eds) 1988. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, based on semantic domains: Volume 1, Introduction & domains. New York: United Bible Societies.         [ Links ]

Mack, B L 1990. Rhetoric and the New Testament. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press. (Guides to Biblical Scholarship. New Testament Series).         [ Links ]

Malina, B J 1993. Windows on the world of Jesus: Time travel to ancient Judea. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox, 12.         [ Links ]

Malina , B J & Rohrbauch, R L 1992. Social-science commentary on the Synoptic Gospels. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress.         [ Links ]

Mbeki, T 2006. The RDP of the soul: Pursuit of personal wealth undermines social cohesion and human solidarity. Umrabulo Number 26, August 2006.         [ Links ]

Melton, J V H 2001. The rise of the public in Enlightenment Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.         [ Links ]

Neirynck, F 1986. Paul and the sayings of Jesus, in Vanhoye, A (ed), L'Apôtre Paul: Personalité, style et conception du ministère, 265-321. Leuven: Leuven University Press (BEThL 73).         [ Links ]

Nel, E 2008. UP students protest against xenophobic attacks. Posted on 26 May 2008.         [ Links ]

Oosthuizen, F 2008. Geweldmisdade in Gauteng daal. Beeld, 4 Maart 2008, 7.         [ Links ]

Schmidt, T M 2007. Religiöser Diskurs und discursive Religion in der postsäkularen Gesellschaft, in Langthaler, R & Nagl-Docekal, H (Hrsg), Glauben und Wissen: Ein Symposium mit Jürgen Habermas, 322-340. Oldenbourg: Akademie Verlag.         [ Links ]

Storrar, W 2008. The Pretoria Public Theology / Stellenbosch Dawid de Villiers Public Lectures 2008. A symposium on "Responsible South African public theology in a global area: Perspectives and proposals", organized by the Centre for Public Theology of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Pretoria, 4-5 August 2008.         [ Links ]

Stuhlmacher, P 1983. Jesustradition im Römerbrief? Eine Skizze. ThBei 14, 240-250.         [ Links ]

Theissen, G [1977] 1978. Sociology of early Palestinian Christianity. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress.

Theissen, G 1999. A Theory of primitive Christian religion. London: SCM.         [ Links ]

Thompson, M 1991. Clothed with Christ: The example and teaching of Jesus in Romans 12:1 - 15:13. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press (JSNTSup 59).         [ Links ]

Van Aarde, A G 1990. The struggle against heresy in the Thessalonian correspondence and the origin of the apostolic tradition, in Collins, R F (ed), The Thessalonian Correspondence, Leuven: Peeters Publishers. (LUP), 418-425.         [ Links ]

-, 2001. Fatherless in Galilee: Jesus child of God. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International.         [ Links ]

-, 2008. Paulus se versie van "draai die ander wang" - gedagtes oor geweld en toleransie. Referaat gelewer tydens die "Konferensie oor Geweld in die Nuwe Testament", gehou deur Belgiese, Nederlandse en Suid-Afrikaanse Nuwe-Testamentici by die Universiteit van Stellenbosch, gedurende 21-23 Januarie 2008. Kopiereg voorbehou. Voorgelê vir publikasie in HTS 64(4) 2008.         [ Links ]

Van Wyk, C 2007. Gemeenskapsbetrokkenheid kan verskil maak: Dit laat misdaad daal. Beeld, 3 Desember 2007, 9.         [ Links ]

Vledder, E-J 1997. Conflict in the miracle stories: A socio-exegetical study of Matthew 8 and 9. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press (JSNS Series 152). (A reworked version of DD Dissertation, University of Pretoria, 1991).         [ Links ]

Walter, N 1985. Paulus und die urchristliche Tradition. NTS 31, 501-502.         [ Links ]

Wenham, D 1995. Paul: Follower of Jesus or founder of Christianity? Grand Rapids, MI: William B Eerdmans.         [ Links ]

Wilson, W T 1991. Love without pretense: Romans 12:9-21 and Hellenistic-Jewish wisdim literature. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck (WUNT 46).         [ Links ]

Zerbe, G 1992. Paul's ethic of nonretaliation and peace, in Swartley, W M (ed), The love of enemy and nonretaliation in the New Testament. Louisville, KT: Westminster. (Reprinted and expanded in Zerbe, G 1993. Non-retaliation in early Jewish and New Testament texts: Ethical themes in social contexts. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press (JSNTSup).         [ Links ]



1 'n Tweetalige openbare gedenklesing / A bilingual, commemorative public lecture, presented at HTS Theological Studies Jubilee, 9 June 2008, on the occasion of the University of Pretoria's centenary celebration. Andries van Aarde is die redakteur van HTS Teologiese Studies en honorêre professor van die Fakulteit Teologie aan die Universiteit van Pretoria. Hierdie gedenklesing word opgedra aan prof dr P J G Meiring by geleentheid van sy emeritaatsaanvaarding as professor in die Departement Godsdiens- en Sendingwetenskap, Universiteit van Pretoria.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License