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Health SA Gesondheid (Online)

On-line version ISSN 2071-9736
Print version ISSN 1025-9848

Health SA Gesondheid (Online) vol.13 n.1 Cape Town  2008




Health promotion needs of Hammanskraal families with adolescents orphaned by HIV/AIDS



MD PeuI; NC van WykII; ADH BothaIII

IMA Cur (Community Nursing), PhD student. Lecturer, Department of Nursing Science, University of Pretoria
IIPhD (Community Nursing). Professor and Head of Department, Department of Nursing Science, University of Pretoria
IIIDr. D Cur (Critical care). Senior Lecturer, Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa





Health promotion is regarded as the cornerstone of good health. It is the action expected from individuals and families in order to better their own health situation. Health promotion is an art and science (Edelman & Mandle, 2002:16) that is integrated into the primary health care to reduce existing health problems. The purpose of the research on which this article is reporting, was to explore and describe the health promotion needs of families with adolescents orphaned by human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). The research was located within a qualitative paradigm that is both exploratory and descriptive. Eight families who were purposely selected participated in the research process. Qualitative methods, such as group interviews and field notes were utilised to collect data. The health promotion needs of the families with adolescents orphaned by HIV/AIDS were explored and described. Tesch's analysis process, which entails a series of steps, was followed (Creswell, 2003:192). Themes, categories and subcategories that form the central focus of health promotion needs emerged during the data analysis. These themes,categories and subcategories are used to develop guidelines for health promotion.

Keywords: health promotion; families; adolescents orphaned by HIV/AIDS; basic needs; rural homes


Die bevordering van gesondheid is die hoeksteen van gesondheid. Dit is die aksie wat van individue en familie verwag word, sodat hulle hul eie gesondheidstoestand kan verbeter. Die bevordering van gesondheid is 'n kuns en 'n wetenskap, wat geïntegreer is in primêre gesondheidsorg, om bestaande gesondheidsprobleme te verminder (Edelman & Mandle, 2002:16). Die doel van die navorsing, waarna in hierdie artikel verwys word, was om uit te vind wat die gesondheidsorgbehoeftes van families, met adolessente wat wees gelaat is as gevolg van menslike immunogebrek virus of verworve immuungebrek sindroom (MIV/VIGS), is, en dit te beskryf. Die navorsing was binne die raamwerk van 'n kwalitatiewe paradigma, wat eksplorerend en beskrywend is. Agt families, wat vir die doel geselekteer is, het aan die navorsing deelgeneem. Kwalitatiewe metodes, soos groepsonderhoude en veldnotas, is gebruik om data in te samel. Die gesondheidsorgbehoeftes van die families, met adolessente wat wees gelaat is as gevolg van MIV/VIGS, is ondersoek en beskryf. Tesch se analiseproses, wat uit 'n aantal stappe bestaan, is gevolg (Creswell, 2003:192). Temas, kategorieë en sub-kategorieë, wat die sentrale fokus van die gesondheidsorgbehoeftes vorm, het uit die data-analise na vore gekom. Hierdie temas, kategorieë en sub-kategorieë, is gebruik om riglyne te ontwikkel vir gesondheidsbevordering.



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MD Peu

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