SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.34 issue3Job satisfaction, occupational stress, burnout and work engagement as components of work-related wellbeingEntrepreneurial cognitions: Linking willingness and ability expert scripts to self-efficacy and new venture creation decisions author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

On-line version ISSN 0258-5200

SA j. ind. Psychol. vol.34 n.3 Cape Town  2008

 

EMPIRICAL RESEARCH

 

A cross-cultural comparison of the stress experienced by high-level career women

 

 

Henriette S Van Den BergI; Ebben S Van ZyII

IDepartment of Psychology, University of the Free State, South Africa
IIDepartment of Industrial Psychology, University of the Free State, South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

This study examines differences in the experience of work-related stress and of exposure to work-related stressors among South African career women of different ethnic groups. A sample of 732 women working in administrative, semi-professional, professional and managerial positions was involved. Analyses of covariance found significant differences in the level of stress reported by the different groups, with black women reporting the highest level of stress. Stressors pertaining to a lack of infrastructure and resources in the environment significantly contributed to the stress experienced by black women. All four groups reported discontent with their remuneration and fringe benefits.

Keywords: South African career women, occupational stress, job-related stressors, conservation-of-resources theory, criterion group design


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

REFERENCES

Bennett, J. (2003). Women: The struggle continues. Sunday Times. Retrieved February 29, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.suntimes.co.za/2003/08/03/business/news/news12.asp.         [ Links ]

Blosser, F. (2000). Working women face high risks from work stress, musculoskeletal injuries, other disorders, NIOSH finds. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Retrieved February 27, 2004, from the Workd Wide Web: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/womrisk.html.         [ Links ]

Cartwright, S. & Cooper, C.L. (1997). Managing workplace stress. London: Sage.         [ Links ]

Cooper, C.L. & Sutherland, V.J. (1992). The stress of the executive lifestyle: Trends in the 1990s? Management Decision, 30(6), 64-68.         [ Links ]

Els, C. & Van Vuuren, M.V.J. (1998). Stress in the family system. Continuing Medical Education, 16(1), 27-32.         [ Links ]

Erasmus, B. (1998). Women power: Aspects of working life in the late 1990s. Management Today, pp. 25-29.         [ Links ]

Erwee, R. (1994). South African women: Changing career patterns. In N.J. Adler & D.N. Izraeli (Eds), Competitive frontiers: Women managers in a global economy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Business, pp. 325-343        [ Links ]

Hobfoll, S.E. (1988). The ecology of stress. New York: Hemisphere.         [ Links ]

Hobfoll, S.E. (1989). Conservation of resources: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, 44(3), 513-524.         [ Links ]

Hobfoll, S.E. (1998). Stress, culture and community. New York: Plenum Press.         [ Links ]

Jackson, A.P. & Sears, S.J. (1992). Implications of an Africentric worldview in reducing stress for African American women. Journal of Counselling and Development, 71, 184-191.         [ Links ]

Jacobs, J. (1999). Remuneration trends. The Graduate. HSRC Newsletter, Pretoria, pp. 12-17.         [ Links ]

Landrine, H. & Klonoff, E.A. (1997). Discrimination against women: Prevalence, consequences, remedies. London: Sage.         [ Links ]

Long, B.C. (1998). Coping with workplace stress: A multiple group comparison of female managers and clerical workers. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 45(1), 65-78.         [ Links ]

Maturi, R. (1992). Stress can be beaten. Industry Week, pp. 22-26.         [ Links ]

Mkhwanazi, D. (1993). New breed of managers needed for a new South Africa. Human Resources Management, pp. 14-17.         [ Links ]

Moller, V. (1998). Quality of life in South Africa: Post-apartheid trends. Social Indicators Research, 43, 27-68.         [ Links ]

Msimang, S. (2001). Affirmative action in the new South Africa: The politics of representation, law and equity. Women in Action. Retrieved on March 1, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.isiswomen.org/pub/wia/wiawcar/affirmative.htm.         [ Links ]

Pretty, G.M.H., Mccarthy, M.E. & Catano, V.M. (1992). Psychological environments and burnout: Gender considerations within the corporation. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 13, 701-711.         [ Links ]

Rosener, J.B. (1995). America's competitive secret: Women managers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Schlebusch, L. (1998). Recent advances in stress research and implications for health and well-being. In L. Schlebush, South Africa beyond transition: Psychological well-being. Pretoria: Psyssa, pp. 265-283        [ Links ]

Sibiya, E. (1993). From banishment to boardroom. SAJHE/SATHO, 7(3), 15-25.         [ Links ]

Steyn, H.S. (1999). Praktiese beduidendheid: Die gebruik van effekgroottes. Potchefstroom: Publication Control Committee, Potchefstroom University.         [ Links ]

Taylor, S.E. (1995). Health psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.         [ Links ]

Van der Walt, L. (2000). Gear versus social welfare. South African Labour Bulletin, 24(3), 70-75.         [ Links ]

Van Zyl, E.S. (1991). Die ontwikkeling van 'n meetinstrument van werkstres vir hoëvlak-werknemers. DComm dissertation, Pretoria: Pretoria University.         [ Links ]

Van Zyl, E.S., Van der Walt, H.S. & Brand, H.E. (1994). Die ontwikkeling van 'n meetinstrument van werkstres. Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde/South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 20(4), 22-28.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Henriette S van den Berg
E-mail: Vdberghs.hum@ufs.ac.za

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License