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SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

versão On-line ISSN 2071-0763
versão impressa ISSN 0258-5200

SA j. ind. Psychol. vol.34 no.3 Johannesburg  2008




Work-home interaction of working females: What is the role of job and home characteristics?



Adele Van AardeI; Karina MostertII

ICPRD Consulting Services (Pty) Ltd, South Africa
IIThinkWell: Economic Value of Wellness Research, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, South Africa





The objective of this study was to examine job characteristics and home characteristics associated with negative and positive work-home interaction of employed South African females. A total of 500 females from six provinces in South Africa participated in the study. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyse the data. The results indicated that negative work-home interference (WHI) was best predicted by job demands (including pressure, overload and time demands) and a lack of job resources (including autonomy, supervisor support, instrumental support and role clarity). Three job resources predicted positive WHI, including autonomy, supervisor support and colleague support. Negative home-work interference (HWI) was best predicted by pressure and a lack of autonomy at home, while positive HWI was best predicted by the presence of home pressure, but with support at home.

Keywords: Job characteristics, home characteristics, negative work-home interaction, positive work-home interaction



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Karina Mostert

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