SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.34 issue2The cross-cultural application of the Social Axioms Survey in the South African Police ServiceThe psychometric properties of the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

On-line version ISSN 2071-0763
Print version ISSN 0258-5200

SA j. ind. Psychol. vol.34 n.2 Cape Town  2008

 

EMPIRICAL RESEARCH

 

Psychological career resources of working adults: A South African survey

 

 

Melinde Coetzee

Department of Industrial & Organisational Psychology, University of South Africa, South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

The main objective of this study was to explore broad trends regarding how individuals from various age, educational, marital, race and gender groups in the South African organisational context differ in terms of their psychological career resources, as measured by the Psychological Career Resources Inventory. A sample of 2 997 working adults registered as students at a South African higher distance education institution participated in this study. The results indicate significant differences between the various biographical variables and the participants' psychological career resources. In the context of employment equity, and with more women entering the workplace, this study is expected to contribute important knowledge that will inform career development practices concerned with enhancing employees' career meta-competencies as an important element of their general employability.

Keywords: career drivers, career enablers, career harmonisers, career meta-competencies, career preferences


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

REFERENCES

Allen, T.J. & Katz, R. (1992). Age, education and the technical ladder. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 39(3), 237-245.         [ Links ]

Anastasi, A. (1976). Psychological testing. New York: McMillan. Arthur, M.B., Khapova, S.N. & Wilderom, C.P.M. (2005). Career success in a boundaryless career world. Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 26(1), 177-202.         [ Links ]

BarOn, R. (1997). EQi: BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory User's Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.         [ Links ]

Bartholomew, K., Antonia, J.Z. & Marcia, J.E. (2000). Coded semi-structured interviews in psychological research. In H.T. Resi & C.M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 286-312.         [ Links ]

Baruch, Y. (2004). Transforming careers: From linear to multi-directional career paths. Career Development International, 9(1), 58-73.         [ Links ]

Battle, J. (1992). Culture-free self-esteem inventories for children and adults. Austin: Pro-Ed.         [ Links ]

Bay, S.G.K. & Lim, K.M. (2006). Correlations of multiple intelligences and emotional intelligence: A closer analysis of theoretical assumptions. The Korean Journal of Thinking & Problem Solving, 16(1), 53-64.         [ Links ]

Bellah, R.N., Sullivan, W.M., Tipton, S.M., Madsen, R. & Swindler, A. (1996). Habits of the heart: Individualism and commitment in American life. Berkeley: University of California Press.         [ Links ]

Borgen, W.A., Amundson, N.E. & Reuter, J. (2004). Using portfolios to enhance career resilience. Journal of Employment Counseling, 41(2), 50-59.         [ Links ]

Briscoe, J.P. & Hall, D.T. (1999, Autumn). Grooming and picking leaders using competency frameworks: Do they work? An alter native approach and new guidelines for practice. Organisational Dynamics, 28(2), 37-52.         [ Links ]

Brousseau, K.R. (1990). Career dynamics in the baby boom and baby bust era. Journal of Organisational Change Management, 3(3), 46-58.         [ Links ]

Brown, C., George-Curran, R. & Smith, M.L. (2003). The role of emotional intelligence in the career commitment and decision-making process. Journal of Career Assessment, 11(4), 379-392.         [ Links ]

Chan, D.W. & Hui, E.K.P. (1995). Burnout and coping among Chinese secondary school teachers in Hong Kong. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 65(1), 15-25.         [ Links ]

Coertse, S. & Scheepers, J.M. (2004). Some personality and cognitive correlates of career maturity. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 30(2), 56-73.         [ Links ]

Coetzee, M. (2006). Career planning in the 21st century. Cape Town: Juta.         [ Links ]

Coetzee, M. (2007). Exploratory factor analyses of the Psychological Career Resources Inventory. Unpublished Research Report, Department of Industrial and Organisational Psychology, University of South Africa, Pretoria.         [ Links ]

Coetzee, M., Jansen, C.A. & Muller, H. (2008). Stress, coping resources and personality types: An exploratory study of South African teachers. Unpublished Research Report, Department of Industrial and Organisational Psychology, University of South Africa, Pretoria.         [ Links ]

Coetzee, M. & Roythorne-Jacobs, H. (2007). Career counseling and guidance in the workplace: A manual for career practitioners. Cape Town: Juta.         [ Links ]

Coetzee, M. & Schreuder, A.M.G. (2008). A multi-cultural investigation of students' career anchors at a South African higher education institution. SA Journal of Labour Relations, 32(2), (in press).         [ Links ]

Crites, J.O. (1974). Career counseling: A review of major approaches. Counseling Psychologist, 4(3), 3-23.         [ Links ]

Derr, C.B. (1986). Managing the new careerists. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.         [ Links ]

Dooley, D. (1995). Social research methods. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.         [ Links ]

Driver, M.J. (1982). Career concepts: A new approach to research. In R. Katz (Ed.), Career issues in human resource management (pp. 23-32). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.         [ Links ]

Driver, M.J. & Brousseau, K.R. (1988). Four career concepts. Santa Monica: Decision Dynamics Corporation.         [ Links ]

Ebberwein, C.A., Krieshok, T.S., Ulven, J.C. & Prosser, E.C. (2004). Voices in transition: Lessons on career adaptability. The Career Development Quarterly, 52(4), 292-308.         [ Links ]

Emmerling, R.J. & Cherniss, C. (2003). Emotional intelligence and the career choice process. Journal of Career Assessment, 11(2), 153-167.         [ Links ]

Ensel, W.M. & Lin, N. (1991). The life stress paradigm and psychological distress. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 32(4), 321-341.         [ Links ]

Erdogmus, N. (2003). Career orientations of salaried professionals: The case of Turkey. Career Development International, 9(2), 153-175.         [ Links ]

Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind. New York: Basic Books.         [ Links ]

Garrety, K., Badham, R., Morrigan, V., Rifkin, S. & Zanko, M. (2003). The use of personality typing in organizational change: Discourse, emotions and the reflective subject. Human Relations, 56(2), 211-235.         [ Links ]

Göckel, A. (2004). The trend toward spirituality in the workplace: Overview and implications for career counseling. Journal of Employment Counseling, 41(2), 156-167.         [ Links ]

Greenhaus, J.H., Callanan, G.A. & Godshalk, V.M. (2000). Career Management. New York: Dryden.         [ Links ]

Gowan, M.A., Craft, S.L.S. & Zimmermann, R.A. (2000). Response to Work Transitions by United States Army Personnel: The Effects of Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Career Resilience. Psychological Reports, 86 (3 Pt 1), 911-921.         [ Links ]

Gunz, H.P. & Heslin, P.A. (2005). Reconceptualising career success. Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 26(2), 105-111.         [ Links ]

Hall, D.T. (2002). Careers in and out of organizations. Thousand Oaks: Sage.         [ Links ]

Hall, D.T. & Briscoe, J. (2004). Becoming protean: Individual and experiential factors in adapting to the new career. Working paper, Boston University Executive Development Roundtable Technical Report.         [ Links ]

Hall, D.T. & Chandler, D.E. (2005). Psychological success: When the career is a calling. Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 26(2), 155-176.         [ Links ]

Hammer, A.L. (1988). Manual for the Coping Resources Inventory. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.         [ Links ]

Hansen, L.S. (1997). Integrative life planning: Critical tasks for career development and changing life patterns. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.         [ Links ]

Herr, E.L., Cramer, S.H. & Niles, S.G. (2004). Career guidance and counseling through the lifespan. London: Prentice Hall.         [ Links ]

Hewitt, J.P. (2002). The social construction of self-esteem. In C.R. Snyder & S.J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 135-147). New York: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Higgins, M. (2001). Changing careers: The effects of social context. Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 22(1), 595-618.         [ Links ]

Hollenbeck, G.P. & Hall, D.T. (2004). Self-confidence and leader performance. Organisational Dynamics, 33(3), 254-269.         [ Links ]

Igbaria, M., Greenhaus, J.H. & Parasuraman, S. (1991). Career orientations of MIS employees: An empirical analysis. MIS Quarterly, 15(2), 151-169.         [ Links ]

Kidd, J.M. (2004). Emotion in career contexts: Challenges for theory and research. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 64(1), 441-454.         [ Links ]

Kim, N. (2005). Organisational interventions influencing employee career development preferred by different career success orientations. International Journal of Training and Development, 9(1), 47-61.         [ Links ]

Kniveton, B.H. (2004). Managerial career anchors in a changing business environment. Journal of European Industrial Training, 28 (7), 564-573.         [ Links ]

Lounsbury, J.W., Loveland, J.M., Sundstrom, E.D., Gibson, L.W., Drost, A.W. & Hamrick, F.L. (2003). Journal of Career Assessment, 11(3), 287-307.         [ Links ]

Marshall, V. & Bonner, D. (2003). Career anchors and the effects of downsizing: Implications for generations and cultures at work: A preliminary investigation. Journal of European Industrial Training, 27(6), 281-291.         [ Links ]

Motileng, B.B., Wagner, C. & Cassimjee, N. (2006). Black middle managers' experience of Affirmative Action in a media company. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 32(1), 11-16.         [ Links ]

Nunnaly, J.C. & Bernstein, I.H. (1994). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.         [ Links ]

Phillips, S.D., Christopher-Sisk, E.K. & Gravino, K.L. (2001). Making career decisions in a relational context. The Counseling Psychologist, 29(2), 193-213.         [ Links ]

Salkind, N.J. (1997). Exploring research. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace.         [ Links ]

SAS. (2003). Statistical Analysis System software package. Cary: SAS Institute.         [ Links ]

Savickas, M.L. (2000). Renovating the psychology of careers for the twenty-first century. In A. Collin & R.A. Young (Eds.), The future of career. Cambridge: Cambridge University.         [ Links ]

Schein, E.H. (1996). Career anchors revisited. Implications for career development in the 21st century. Academy of Management Executive, 10(4), 80-88.         [ Links ]

Schneer, J.A. & Reitman, F. (1994). The importance of gender in mid-career: A longitudinal study of MBA's. Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 15(1), 199-207.         [ Links ]

Schreuder, A.M.G. & Coetzee, M. (2006). Careers: An organizational perspective. Cape Town: Juta.         [ Links ]

Shaughnessy, J.J. & Zechmeister, E.B. (2003). Research methods in psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.         [ Links ]

Sternberg, R.J. (1985). Beyond IQ: A triachic theory of human intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.         [ Links ]

Sternberg, R.J. (1999). Successful intelligence: Finding a balance. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3(1), 436-442.         [ Links ]

Van Dam, K. (2004). Antecedents and consequences of employability orientation. European Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology, 13(1), 29-51.         [ Links ]

Van der Heijde, C.M. & Van der Heijden, B.I.J.M. (2006). A competence-based and multidimensional operationalisation of employability. Human Resource Management, 45(3), 449-476.         [ Links ]

Weiss, J.W., Skelley, M.F., Freund, A.M., Haughey, J.C. & Hall, D.T. (2004). Calling, new careers and spirituality: A reflective perspective for organizational leaders and professionals. Research in Ethical Issues in Organisations, 5(1), 175-201.         [ Links ]

Wiese, B.S., Freund, A.M. & Baltes, P.B. (2002). Subjective career success and emotional wellbeing: longitudinal predictive power of selection, optimization and compensation. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 60(1), 321-335.         [ Links ]

Wrzesniewski, A., McCauley, C.R., Rozin, P. & Schwartz, B. (1997). Jobs, careers and callings: People's relations to their work. Journal of Research in Personality, 31(1), 21-33.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Melinde Coetzee
E-mail: coetzm1@unisa.ac.za

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License