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SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

On-line version ISSN 2071-0763
Print version ISSN 0258-5200

SA j. ind. Psychol. vol.34 n.1 Johannesburg  2008




Coping with stress in the workplace



Janine D OosthuizenI; Burger Van LillII

IJopie van Rooyen & Partners, South Africa
IISchool of Management Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa





The researchers investigated a simplified process model, a so-called salutogenic approach, of coping with stress in the workplace. Two constructs of salutogenic functioning, namely sense of coherence and locus of control (three dimensions: internal, external locus and autonomy), as well as the stress levels of 240 employees from a parastatal organisation were measured. As expected, individuals with a stronger sense of coherence and a stronger internal locus of control experienced lower levels of stress and vice versa. Nevertheless, in a regression analysis only the sense of coherence and external locus of control variables contributed significantly to variance in the criterion variable stress.

Keywords: stress, workplace, salutogenic approach, sense of coherence, parastatal organisation



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Burger van Lill

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