versão On-line ISSN 1816-7950
versão impressa ISSN 0378-4738
Water SA vol.34 no.4 Pretoria Abr. 2008
Division of Water Sciences, Natural Sciences Sector, UNESCO, 1, rue Miollis, 75 732 Paris cedex 15, SP France
The sustainable management of the water resource will become more and more important as population demands and environmental custodianship awareness grows. The Hydrology for the Environment, Life and Policy (HELP) program aims to bring together scientific research in catchment management with practical application of policy and on-ground management practices. This paper builds on an existing foundation of knowledge and exposure, within the Murrumbidgee HELP catchment already recognised as a leader finding real solutions while working with multiple stakeholders. The HELP program has now moved into the implementation stage and includes 67 catchments from around the world that are looking to better utilise their water resources for sustainable communities. Of those 67 basins there are 7 demonstration basins, one of which is the Murrumbidgee. There is a need for extending HELP to non-HELP basins through lessons learnt from existing efforts. In this context System Harmonisation Framework is introduced as an integrative framework for extending HELP in irrigated catchments across the globe.
The 'System Harmonisation' philosophy seeks to identify business opportunities for irrigators to become an integral part of an expanding environmental services industry and in so doing support a truly sustainable and diversified irrigation business environment. A good understanding of system wide harmonisation can be gained from how irrigation systems are linked with the catchment water cycle and how life support systems and regional economies depend on them. The system harmonisation framework involves an all encompassing approach that combines research and business principles to achieve productive and environmental improvements at the catchment level. The framework involves five feasibility steps including three research components and a business analysis component: The research components comprise analysis and characterisation of hydrologic systems, water productivity, markets and ecosystem services, and mechanisms and processes for change. The business component is based on the formation of Regional Irrigation Business Partnerships (RIBP) to explore and implement opportunities for improved productive and/or environmental outcomes through changes in water management. The system harmonisation process establishes the base physical, economic and social position of the region, identifies the key pressure points in the system and the system constraint. System harmonisation thus offers great opportunity for extending HELP to other catchments around the globe to enhance the multifunctional productivity of water resources.
Keywords: environmental services, multifunctional water productivity, sustainability, system harmonisation
"Full text available in PDF"
BONNELL JE and KOONTZ TM (2007) Stumbling forward: The organizational challenges of building and sustaining collaborative watershed management. Soc. Nat. Resour. 20 153-167. [ Links ]
FALKENMARK M (2004) Towards integrated catchment management: Opening the paradigm locks between hydrology, ecology and policy-making. Special Volume on Hydrology for the Environment Life and Policy. Water Resour. Dev. 20(3) 275-282. [ Links ]
GIBBONS M, LIMOGES H, NOWOTNY H SCHWARTZMAN S, SCOTT P and TROW M (1994) The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. Sage Publications, London. [ Links ]
GUTMAN P (2007) Ecosystem services: Foundations for a new rural-urban compact. Ecol. Econ. 62 383-387. [ Links ]
HAMANN R (2004) Corporate social responsibility, partnerships, and institutional change: The case of mining companies in South Africa. Nat. Resour. Forum 28 278-290. [ Links ]
INTERNATIONAL HYDROLOGICAL PROGRAMME (2001) Technical Documents in Hydrology, No 44 \ The Design and Implementation Strategy of the HELP Initiative. UNESCO, Paris. [ Links ]
KHAN S (2004) Integrating hydrology with environment, livelihood and policy issues - the Murrumbidgee Model. Special Volume on Hydrology for the Environment Life and Policy. Water Resour. Dev. 20 (3) 415-429. [ Links ]
KHAN S, MALANO HM and DAVIDSON B (2008) System harmonisa-tion: a framework for applied regional irrigation business planning. Wiley J. Irrig. Drain. Published Online: Jun 13 2008 (DOI: 10.1002/ird.382). http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/77003202/home?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0. [ Links ]
++33 1 45 68 45 69
Fax: +33 1 45 68 58 11