versión On-line ISSN 0378-4738
Water SA vol.34 no.4 Pretoria abr. 2008
Declan HearneI; Ruth GamboaII; Verna Marie MonsantoII
IHELP Davao, 248 Arayat St., Central Park Phase I, Bangkal, Davao City, Philippines
IIThe University of Philippines, Davao, Mindanao, Philippines
Davao City is overlapped by 8 watersheds all flowing into the Davao Gulf. These watersheds exemplify a range of cultural, environmental and economic stresses from the continual conversion of natural habitat for agricultural, urban, and industrial uses. These changes and their consequent pressures have not gone unnoticed and have surfaced through various channels into the political and public arenas. However, despite the awareness and actions from various sectoral initiatives, there is continual deterioration of trends across the ecosystems.
Hydrology for Environment, Life and Policy (HELP) is a global initiative which encourages policy makers, water managers, scientists, and end-users to work together within a field-oriented context to closely integrate science into government policies and management strategies. Through Davao City's participation in the HELP Network, the management of watersheds and water has improved not through the acquisition of additional external funds but by the increase in opportunity for dialogue between 'water-related' communities, which resulted to enhanced stakeholder understanding of issues and increased technical capacity of all involved.
This paper demonstrates how the HELP principles can be applied in basins with limited resources and how these can positively influence the attitudes and behaviour of stakeholders. It highlights how HELP can act as a catalyst to motivate learning, engage competing sectors, and build collaboration to create science-backed frameworks for good water governance.
Keywords: HELP, watershed, ecosystems, twinning, community management, empowerment, good governance, collaboration, conflict
"Full text available in PDF"
BAIS G (2006) Personal communication. Executive Director. PCEEM, Davao City, Philippines. [ Links ]
CATACUTAN D (2006) Economic Growth and Watershed Management: Drivers of Research and Development Innovations. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF-Philippines). [ Links ]
CPDO (2000) Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Davao City. City Planning and Development Office. [ Links ]
CRUZ MC and CRUZ MCJ (1990) 'Population pressure and deforestation in the Philippines'. ASEAN Econ. Bull. 7 (2) 200-212. [ Links ]
DYSON M, BERGKAMP G and SCANLON J (eds.) (2003) Flow. The Essentials of Environmental Flows. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xiv + 118 pp. [ Links ]
DAVAO RIVER SITUATIONAL REPORT (UP Mindanao, 1998) Asian Geodyne Study, Aquifer Study (Consultancy to DCWD, 1999) and the Hydrological Monitoring Conditions and Recommendations. [ Links ]
DAVAO TODAY (2008) http://davaotoday.com/2008/08/04/ca-hit-for-failure-to-decide-on-aerial-spraying/ [ Links ]
EVANS D (2002) Davao River Management Plan. DRCCC, Philippines. [ Links ]
EVANS D (2003) Davao River Primer. IDIS and VSO, Philippines. [ Links ]
EVANS D (2003) Hydrological Monitoring Conditions and Recommendations, DRCCC, Philippines. [ Links ]
ESQUILLO LJ (2008) Personal Communications. Executive Directors, IDIS, Davao City, Philippines. [ Links ]
GAMBOA R (2005) Health Report: TL, PCEEM DavaoDavao City, Philippines. [ Links ]
GLASGOW GJ, McCARTHY D and HEARNE D (2003) South Eastern River Basin District Legislative Review, SERBD. Ireland. [ Links ]
HEARNE D (2004) Workshop Proceedings Identification of Key Action Areas for Twinning Objectives. Davao HELP Network, Waterfront Davao, Philippines . [ Links ]
KHAN S (2005) Regional Coordinator, UNESCO IHP-HELP and Director: International Centre of Water for Food Security, Charles Sturt University, Australia. Since 2008 Global Coordinator HELP, Natural Sciences Sector, UNESCO, Paris, France. [ Links ]
MEDALYE J and KUNDELL J (2008) Water governance. In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Cutler J (ed.). Cleveland (Washington, D.C. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [ Links ]
METCALFE J (2004) Landcare in the Philippines - Stories of People and Places, ACIAR, Australia. [ Links ]
SHEPHERD G (2004) The Ecosystems Approach: Five Steps to Implementation. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. Vi +30 pp. [ Links ]
TIU R (2005) Davao: Reconstructing History from Text and Memory. Davao City. Research and Publication Office. Ateneo de Davao University and Mindanao Coalition of Development NGOs, Philippines. [ Links ]
UNDP (2006) Improving Water Governance Implementation, UNDP Water Governance Facility, www.watergovernance.org/ [ Links ]