SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.34 issue4Integrated nutrient transport modelling with respect to the implementation of the European WFD: The Weiβe Elster Case Study, GermanyFrom ideas to action: A review of implementing HELP principles in river basins with limited resources and capacity author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Water SA

On-line version ISSN 0378-4738

Water SA vol.34 n.4 Pretoria Apr. 2008

 

Helping HELP with limited resources: The Luquillo experience

 

 

FN ScatenaI; JR Ortiz-ZayasII; JF Blanco-LibrerosIII

IUniversity of Pennsylvania, Dept. Earth and Environmental Science, 240 S 33rd St. Philadelphia Pa
IIUniversity of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR
IIIUniversidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

By definition the HELP approach involves the active participation of individuals from a wide range of disciplines and backgrounds, including representatives of industry, academics, natural resource managers, and local officials and community leaders. While there is considerable enthusiasm and support for the integrated HELP approach, a central problem for all HELP basins is how to effectively engage individuals and groups with few, if any financial resources. In the Luquillo HELP project we have managed this issue by focusing our efforts on holding small, public meetings and workshops with technocrats and managers who are engaged in local water resource management. To date several forums have been organised, including: technical meetings with the directors of natural resource agencies; presentations and panel discussions at the meetings of local professional societies, including the societies of Civil Engineers and Architects, the Commonwealth Association of Tourism, the Association of Builders and Developers, and the Puerto Rican Association of Lawyers. During these forums HELP specialists gave presentations and led discussions on how integrated watershed management can help resolve local problems. Because the audience are directly involved with these issues, they are quite responsive to these discussions and have often provided unique solutions to common problems. Technical workshops are co-sponsored by local municipalities - these day-long workshops are hosted by a municipality and include managers from other municipalities, the local water authority, and local community leaders. Additional activities include: technical advice on water infrastructure projects is given; there are educational exchanges between local and international students, scientists, natural resource managers, and community leaders; and synthesis publications relevant to integrated water resource management are produced. Other activities have included compiling oral environmental histories and organising watershed restoration activities. This paper describes these activities and discusses the benefits and costs of each approach.

Keywords: integrated water resource management, tropical mountains, Puerto Rico


 

 "Full text available in PDF"

 

References

AHMAD R, SCATENA FN and GUPTA A (1993) Morphology and sedimentation in Caribbean montane streams: Examples from Jamaica and Puerto Rico. Sediment. Geol. 85 157-169.         [ Links ]

BENSTEAD PJ, MARCH JG, PRINGLE CM and SCATENA FN (1999) Effects of a low-head dam and water abstraction on migratory tropical stream biota. Ecol. Applic. 9 (2) 656-668.         [ Links ]

BLANCO JF and SCATENA FN (2005) Floods, habitat hydraulics and upstream migration of Neritina virginea (Gastropoda: Neritodae) in Northeastern Puerto Rico. Caribb. J. Sci. 41(1) 55-74.         [ Links ]

BLANCO JF and SCATENA FN (2006) Hierarchical contribution of river-connectivity, water chemistry, hydraulics, and substrate to the distribution of diadromous snails in Puerto Rican Streams. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 25(1) 82-98.         [ Links ]

DAILEY S (2005) Teacher Recruitment Appendix 2. Handbook for LTER Education, 2005. http://schoolyard.lternet.edu/LTEREduHandbook.pdf.         [ Links ]

GRAU HR, AIDE TM, ZIMMERMAN JK, THOMLINSON JR, HELMER E and ZOU X (2003) The Ecological Consequences of Socioeconomic and Land-use Changes in Postagriculture Puerto Rico. BioSci. 53 (12) 1159-1168.         [ Links ]

GARCÍA-MONTIEL D and SCATENA FN (1994) 'The effect of human activity on the structure and composition of a tropical forest in Puerto Rico.' Forest Ecol. Manage. 63 57-78.         [ Links ]

GARCÍA-MARTINO AR, SCATENA FN, WARNER GS and CIVICO DL (1996) Statistical low flow estimation using GIS analysis in humid montane regions in Puerto Rico. Bull. Am. Water Works Assoc. 32(6) 1-13.         [ Links ]

GREATHOUSE EF, MARCH JG and PRINGLE CM (2005) Recovery of a tropical stream after a harvest-related chlorine poisoning event. Freshwater Biol. 50 603-615.         [ Links ]

KENT R, ODUM HT and SCATENA FN (2000) Eutrophic overgrowth in the self-organization of tropical wetlands illustrated with a study of swine wastes in rainforest plots. Ecol. Eng. 16 255-269.         [ Links ]

LUGO AE and GARCÍA-MARTINÓ A (1996) Cartilla Del Agua Para Puerto Rico. Int. Inst. Trop. For. 10(1-3) IIS 1940-1148.         [ Links ]

MARCH JG, BENSTEAD JP, PRINGLE CM and SCATENA FN (2003) Damming tropical islands streams: Problems, solutions, and alternatives. Biosci. 53 (11) 1069-1071.         [ Links ]

ORTIZ-ZAYAS JR and SCATENA FN (2004) Integrated water resources management in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico: An evolving process. Int. J. Water Resour. Dev. 20 (3) 387-398.         [ Links ]

PIKE AS (2006) Application of digital terrain analysis to estimate hydrological variables in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico. In: Proc. 5th FRIEND Conf. Climate Variability and Change - Hydrological Impacts. November 2006, Havana, Cuba.). IAHS Publ. 308 81-85.         [ Links ]

RHOADS BL, WILSON D, URBAN M and HERRICKS EE (1999) Interaction Between Scientists and Non Scientists in community-based watershed management emergence of the concept of stream naturalization. Environ. Manage. 24 (3) 297-308.         [ Links ]

RIVERA-RAMIREZ HD, WARNER GS and SCATENA FN (2002) Prediction of master recession curves and baseflow recessions in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico. J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 38(3) 693-704.         [ Links ]

SANTOS-ROMÁN DM, WARNER GS and SCATENA FN (2003) Multivariate analysis of water quality and physical characteristics of selected watersheds in Puerto Rico. J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 39 (4) 829-839.         [ Links ]

SCATENA FN (1990) Selection of riparian buffer zones in humid tropical steeplands. In: RR Ziemer, CL O'Loughlin and LS Hamilton (eds.) Research Needs and Applications to Reduce Erosion and Sedimentation in Tropical Steeplands: IAHS-AISH Pub. No. 192 328-337.         [ Links ]

SCATENA FN and JOHNSON SL (2001) Instream-Flow Analysis for the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico: Methods and Analysis. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report IITF-GTR-11. 30 pp.         [ Links ]

SCATENA FN (2001) Ecological rhythms and the management of humid tropical forests: Examples from the Caribbean National Forest, Puerto Rico. For. Ecol. Manage. 5528 1-12.         [ Links ]

WEI WU, HALL CAS and SCATENA FN (2007) Modeling the impact of land use change on the stream flows at the meso-scale watershed level in North-Eastern Puerto Rico. Hydrol. Proc. V21 (DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6515).         [ Links ]

WEI WU, HALL CAS, SCATENA FN and QUACKENBUSH LJ (2006) Spatial modeling of evapotranspiration in the Luquillo Experimental Forest of Puerto Rico using Remotely-sensed data. J. Hydrol. 328 733-752.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
215-898-5724
Fax: 215-898-0964
E-mail: fns@sas.upenn.edu