On-line version ISSN 1816-7950
Print version ISSN 0378-4738
Water SA vol.34 n.4 Pretoria Apr. 2008
J GanoulisI; H SkoulikarisI; JM MongetII
IUNESCO Chair and Network INWEB, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
IIEcole des Mines de Paris
Alternative options for new private and public investment projects in the transboundary Mesta/Nestos River catchment between Bulgaria and Greece involve new dams and water storage reservoirs, agricultural irrigation systems, new tourist resorts and various water-related facilities for urban and industrial water supply. These developments are designed to be implemented in both parts of the basin (in Greece and Bulgaria), where different socio-economic conditions prevail, resulting in each country having different preferences and objectives. Alternative options should consider environmental consequences, to the impact on ecosystems and human health, and also financial and social risks. Any negative impacts on the environment, and whether these negative impacts can be prevented, should be weighted against the economic and social benefits foreseen.
Sustainable implementation of private or public utility projects cannot be achieved without public participation and a clear consensus between stakeholders. The UNESCO HELP (Hydrology for the Environment, Life and Policy) initiative provides a rationale for breaking the 'paradigm lock' existing between the most recent scientific findings on the one side and the public, stakeholders and decision makers on the other. In this paper stakeholder involvement in the decision making process is promoted firstly by communicating the results of integrated modelling of water resource management at the basin scale, and secondly by suggesting alternative models and software in order to facilitate negotiations and final decision making processes in transboundary water resource management These models help to rank alternative projects according to the attributes of stakeholders in each country; the aggregated attributes of the stakeholders in both countries; and the aggregated goals of each country.
Keywords: integrated water management, modelling, public participation, decision support, conflict resolution
"Full text available in PDF"
GANOULIS J (2003) Evaluating Alternative Strategies for Wastewater Recycling and Reuse in the Mediterranean Area. J. Water Sci. Technol.: Water Supply 3 (4) 11-20. [ Links ]
GANOULIS J (2004) Inventory of Internationally Shared Surface Water Bodies in the Balkan Region: Characteristics and State of Policies, UNESCO-Roste, INWEB, Thessaloniki, Greece. [ Links ]
GOICOECHEA A, HANSEN DON R and DUCKSTEIN L (1982) Multi-objective Decision Analysis with Engineering and Business Applications. J. Wiley, New York. 519 pp. [ Links ]
JAYET PA, GODARD C and DEBOVE E (2005) Coupling the STICS and AROPAj models via the yield response functions. Thiverval-Grignon: UMR Economie Publique. 4 pp. [ Links ]
LEDOUX E, GIRARD G, DE MARSILY G and DESCHENES J (1989) Spatially distributed modeling: conceptual approach, coupling surface water and ground water. In: Morel-Seytoux (ed.) NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 275..Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass. 435-454. [ Links ]
LEDOUX E, ETCHEVERS P, GOLAZ C, HABETS F, NOILHAN J and VOIRIN S (2002) Regional simulation of the water budget and river flows with the ISBA-MODCOU coupled model: application to the Adour and Rhone basins. Chapter 8 in Singh VP and Frevert DK (eds.) Mathematical Models of Large Watershed Hydrology. Water Resources Publications, LLC. 283-318. [ Links ]
USACE (2003) US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)) Hydrologic Engineering Center - Reservoir System Simulation. User Manual, Version 2.0. Sept. 2003. [ Links ]
USACE (2006) US Army Corps of Engineers Hydrologic Engineering Center - Hydrologic Modeling System. User Manual, Version 3.0.1 April 2006. [ Links ]