versão On-line ISSN 1816-7950
versão impressa ISSN 0378-4738
Water SA vol.34 no.4 Pretoria Abr. 2008
Bruce P Hooper
PO Box 6119, St Lucia Sth. QLD 4067. AUSTRALIA
This paper outlines elements of best practice integrated river basin management and explores a procedure to implement IRBM. The procedure identifies a 'road map' for improved governance based on a best practice approach, with initial trialling in a UNESCO HELP basin in North America showing some application. But even with best practices understood, action is often only minimal and flexible, adaptable institutions are needed to underpin basin management. The covenant concept is one such institution, based on the idea of harnessing mutual trust and obligation between stakeholders. A covenant is 'signed' as a social contract and the idea of covenant described in this paper results from observations of intractable water sharing problems. This paper also outlines the components of a covenant, the factors which require consideration for implementation and ways forward.
Keywords: covenants, mutual responsibility, integrated water resources management, basin governance
"Full text available in PDF"
AACM INTERNATIONAL AND CENTRE FOR WATER POLICY RESEARCH (1995) Enhancing the Effectiveness of Catchment Management Planning. Final Report for the Department of Primary Industries and Energy. Adelaide, AACM International Pty. Ltd. [ Links ]
COMFORT L (1999) Shared Risk: Complex Systems in Seismic Response. Pergamon Press, New York. [ Links ]
GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE (2000) Integrated Water Resources Management. TEC Paper #4. Stockholm, Global Water Partnership. [ Links ]
GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP (2002) Integrated Water Resources Management Toolbox. Stockholm, Global Water Partnership. [ Links ]
HOOPER BP (2005) Integrated River Basin Governance. Learning from International Experience. London, IWA Publishing. [ Links ]
HOOPER BP (2006) Key Performance Indicators of River Basin Organizations. [2006-VSP-01]. Alexandria, Virginia, US Army Corps of Engineers. Visiting Scholar Program.
KENNEY DS (1997) Resource Management at the Watershed level: An Assessment of the Changing Federal Role in the Emerging Era of Community-Based Watershed Management. Boulder, Colorado, Natural Resources Law Center, University of Colorado School of Law. [ Links ]
MARGERUM RD and WHITALL D (2004) The challenges and implications of collaborative management on a river basin scale. J. Environ. Plann. Manage. 47 (3) 407-427. [ Links ]
NATIONAL SCIENCE COUNCIL (2002) The Missouri River Ecosystem. Exploring Prospects for Recovery. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. [ Links ]
NEWSON M (1992) Land, Water and Development. River Basin Systems and Their Sustainable Management. Routledge, New York, USA. [ Links ]
SABATIER P, FOCHT W, LUBELLM, TRACHTENBERGZ, VEDLITZ A and MATLOCK M (2005) Swimming Upstream: Collaborative Approaches to Watershed Management. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. [ Links ]
SALETH,R.M and DINAR A (1999) Evaluating Institutions and Water Sector Performance. No. 447, 1-93. Washington, DC, The World Bank. World Bank Technical Paper. [ Links ]
UNITED NATIONS (1997) Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses. Adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 21 May 1997. Not yet in force. See General Assembly resolution 51/229, annex, Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 49. (A/51/49). http://untreaty.un.org/ilc/texts/instruments/english/conventions/8_3_1997.pdf. [ Links ]
VAN ZYL FC (1995) Integrated catchment management: is it wishful thinking or can it succeed? Water Sci. Technol. 32 27-35. [ Links ]
WORLD BANK (2006) Integrated River Basin Management - From Concepts to Good Practice. Briefing Notes. Washington, DC, World Bank/Bank-Netherlands Water Partnership Program/World Bank Institute. [ Links ]
+61 4 3102 1289