SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.34 issue4Use of participatory scenario modelling as platforms in stakeholder dialoguesCovenant action to facilitate integrated river basin management author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Water SA

On-line version ISSN 1816-7950
Print version ISSN 0378-4738

Water SA vol.34 n.4 Pretoria Apr. 2008


Collaboration and modelling - Tools for integration in the Motueka catchment, New Zealand



Andrew FenemorI; Neil DeansII; Tim DavieIII; Will AllenIII; John DymondV; Margaret KilvingtonIII; Chris PhillipsIII; Les BasherI; Paul GillespieIV; Roger YoungIV; Jim SinnerIV; Garth HarmsworthV; Maggie AtkinsonI; Rob SmithVI

ILandcare Research, Private Bag 6, Nelson, New Zealand
IINelson Marlborough Fish & Game Council, Nelson, New Zealand
IIILandcare Research, Lincoln, New Zealand
IVCawthron Institute, Nelson, New Zealand
VLandcare Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand
VITasman District Council, Richmond, Nelson, New Zealand





A conceptual model of integrated catchment management (ICM) is presented in which ICM is defined as a process to achieve both ecosystem resilience and community resilience. It requires not only biophysical knowledge developed by hydrologists and other environmental scientists, but an active partnership with catchment communities and stakeholders to break the 'paradigm lock' described by the UNESCO-HELP programme.
This paper reports observations from ICM research in the Motueka HELP demonstration basin in the upper South Island of New Zealand. The Motueka occupies 2 170 km2 of land yet the river effects are felt on the seabed more than 50 km2 offshore, so the true 'catchment' is larger. A hydrologically temperate mountainous catchment with horticultural, agricultural, plantation forestry and conservation land uses, the Motueka also hosts an internationally recognised brown trout fishery. Land and water management issues driving ICM research include water allocation conflicts between instream and irrigation water uses, impacts on water quality of runoff from intensifying land uses, catchment impacts on coastal productivity and aquaculture, and how to manage catchment processes in an integrated way that addresses cumulative effects of development.
Collaboration with catchment stakeholders can be viewed as having two primary purposes:
 Building knowledge and commitment of resource users towards sustainable resource management (collaborative learning)
 Stakeholder involvement in resource management itself (governance).
Examples are presented of a Collaborative Learning Group on Sediment learning of their differing perspectives on fine sediment impacts, and a Catchment Landcare Group working with scientists to improve water quality in their river. Success factors for water user committees making decisions about water resource management include creating opportunities to communicate and build trust, share scientific knowledge on the issue, and willingness to compromise. Functioning catchment groups have potential to take on delegated governance responsibility for meeting agreed water quality and other community goals. Finally a scenario modelling framework IDEAS (Integrated Dynamic Environmental Assessment System) is presented, in which environmental indicators such as nutrient fluxes are simulated alongside socio-economic indicators such as job numbers and catchment GDP for a range of land and marine use options.

Keywords: integrated catchment management (ICM), resilience, HELP, UNESCO, water governance, Landcare, scenario modelling, collaborative learning, water allocation, water user committees, catchment groups, watershed management


 "Full text available in PDF"



ALLEN WJ and KILVINGTON MJ (2005) A role for integrated and interdisciplinary science: Getting technical environmental information used in watershed and regional-scale decision making. Chapter 3 in Hatfield JL (ed.) The Farmers' Decision: Balancing Economic Successful Agriculture Production with Environmental Quality. Soil and Water Conservation Society. 45-61        [ Links ]

ARNSTEIN SHERRY R (1969) A ladder of citizen participation. J. Am. Inst. Plann. 35 (4) 216-224.         [ Links ]

BASHER LR (ed.) (2003) The Motueka and Riwaka Catchments. A technical report summarizing the present state of knowledge of the catchments, management issues and research needs for integrated catchment management. Landcare Research NZ, Lincoln.        [ Links ]

BONELL M and ASKEW A (2000) The Design and Implementation Strategy of the Hydrology for Environment, Life and Policy (HELP) Initiative. HELP Task Force, United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization, Paris, France.         [ Links ]

BOWDEN WB and WILKINSON R (2000) Stakeholder Opinions Regarding Priority Research Issues for Land and Water Resource Management in the Motueka River Catchment, Tasman District. Landcare Research Report LC0001/07, Lincoln, NZ.         [ Links ]

BOWDEN WB, FENEMOR AD and DEANS NA (2004) Integrated Water and Catchment Research for the Public Good: The Motueka River-Tasman Bay Initiative, New Zealand. Water Resour. Dev. 20 (3) 311-323.         [ Links ]

DAVIES-COLLEY RJ, NAGELS JW, SMITH RA, YOUNG RG and PHILLIPS CJ (2004) Water quality impact of a dairy cow herd crossing a stream. NZ J. Mar. Freshwater Res.38 569-576.         [ Links ]

DYMOND J, COLE A, DAVIE T, FENEMOR A and GIBBS M (2006) IDEAS - An Integrated Dynamic Environmental Assessment System for catchment planning. Landcare Research report. Available at        [ Links ]

FENEMOR AD, DAVIE T and MARKHAM S (2006) Hydrological information in Water Law and Policy: New Zealand's devolved approach to water management. Chapter 12 in J Wallace and P Wouters (eds.) Hydrology and Water Law - Bridging the Gap (IWA Publishing, London).         [ Links ]

FORREST BM, GILLESPIE PA, CORNELISEN CD and ROGERS KM (2007) Multiple indicators reveal river plume influence on sediments and benthos in a New Zealand coastal embayment. NZ J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 41 13-24.         [ Links ]

GUNDERSON L and HOLLING CS (2002) Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Island Press, Washington.         [ Links ]

KILVINGTON M and ALLEN WJ (2007) Evaluation of the Social Spaces of the Integrated Catchment Management (ICM) Research Programme. Landcare Research Report LC0607/183. Available at        [ Links ]

SINNER J, FENEMOR A and BAINES J (2006) A Case Study of Water Management in the Motueka Catchment: Responses to Water Allocation Reform Proposals. Joint Ecologic Foundation/Landcare Research report, available 25 pp.         [ Links ]

WALKER B and SALT K (2006) Resilience Thinking. Island Press, Washington.         [ Links ]

YOUNG RG, QUARTERMAN AJ, EYLES RF, SMITH RA and BOWDEN WB (2005) Water quality and thermal regime of the Motueka River: Influences of land cover, geology and position in the catchment. NZ J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 39 803-825.         [ Links ]



+64 3 545 7710
Fax: +64 3 545 7701

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License